Illinois

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Population

12.7M

0.476% decline

Median Age

38.3


Median Household Income

$65,030

3.24% growth

Poverty Rate

13.5%


Number of Employees

6.04M

0.468% growth

Median Property Value

$203,400

4.15% growth

About

In 2018, Illinois had a population of 12.7M people with a median age of 38.3 and a median household income of $65,030. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Illinois declined from 12.8M to 12.7M, a -0.476% decrease and its median household income grew from $62,992 to $65,030, a 3.24% increase.

The population of Illinois is 60.9% White Alone, 17.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 13.8% Black or African American Alone. 23.5% of the people in Illinois speak a non-English language, and 93.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Illinois are University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (13,181 degrees awarded in 2017), Chamberlain University-Illinois (9,808 degrees), and Northwestern University (9,012 degrees).

The median property value in Illinois is $203,400, and the homeownership rate is 66%. Most people in Illinois commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Illinois is 2 cars per household.

Illinois borders Michigan, Indiana, Missouri, Wisconsin, Kentucky, and Iowa.

Economy

The economy of Illinois employs 6.04M people. The largest industries in Illinois are Restaurants & Food Services (386,021 people), Elementary & secondary schools (364,295 people), and Construction (302,994 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($151,258), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($149,035), and Petroleum refining ($131,781).

Median household income in Illinois is $65,030. Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,889. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,030

2018 value

± $500

3.24%

1 Year Growth

± 1.12%

Households in Illinois have a median annual income of $65,030, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,992 in 2017, which represents a 3.24% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Illinois compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$74,413

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$55,889

Average Female Salary

± $913

In 2018, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $70,233 ± $3,218

  2. White

    $60,032 ± $826

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,351 ± $34,221

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.48

2018 Wage GINI

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.354% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Illinois was DuPage County, IL with a value of $93,750, followed by Kendall County, IL and Lake County, IL, with respective values of $89,862 and $87,133.

The following map shows all of the counties in Illinois colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Illinois (1.7M out of 12.6M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    912,284 ± 6,981

  2. Black

    502,014 ± 4,774

  3. Hispanic

    388,434 ± 4,491

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Illinois is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.04M

2018 Value

0.468%

1 Year growth

± 0.468%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Illinois grew at a rate of 0.468%, from 6.01M employees to 6.04M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Illinois, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (152,581 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (145,847 people), and Other managers (136,537 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Illinois.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Illinois, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (152,581 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (145,847 people), and Other managers (136,537 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Illinois has an unusually high number of residents working as Railroad conductors & yardmasters (2.43 times higher than expected), Tire builders (2.23 times), and Engine & other machine assemblers (2.22 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Illinois, by average salary, are Physicians ($261,069), Surgeons ($233,233), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($186,834).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.04M

2018 Value

0.468%

1 Year growth

± 0.468%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Illinois grew at a rate of 0.468%, from 6.01M employees to 6.04M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Illinois, are Restaurants & Food Services (386,021 people), Elementary & secondary schools (364,295 people), and Construction (302,994 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Illinois, though some of these residents may live in Illinois and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Illinois, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (386,021 people), Elementary & secondary schools (364,295 people), and Construction (302,994 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Illinois has an unusually high number of Not specified metal industries (4.05 times higher than expected), Construction, & mining & oil & gas field machinery manufacturing (3.88 times), and Metal forgings & stampings (2.83 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Illinois, by average salary, are Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($151,258), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($149,035), and Petroleum refining ($131,781).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Illinois has health coverage, with 52.3% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 0.901% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Illinois was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Illinois see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.81%

Uninsured

52.3%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

11.7%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

0.901%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Illinois grew by 5.23% from 6.47% to 6.81%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Illinois changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Illinois is home to a population of 12.7M people, from which 93.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.1% of Illinois residents were born outside of the country (1.8M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Illinois is composed of 7.76M White Alone residents (60.9%), 2.21M Hispanic or Latino residents (17.3%), 1.76M Black or African American Alone residents (13.8%), 712k Asian Alone residents (5.59%), 256k Two or More Races residents (2.01%), 24.3k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.191%), 17.2k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.135%), and 2.89k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0227%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Illinois are Spanish (1,640,227 speakers), Polish (176,936 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (104,259 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Illinois was 38.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Illinois are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Illinois residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.8M people

14%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.79M people

As of 2017, 14.1% of Illinois residents (1.8M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Illinois was 14%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Illinois compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    642,065 ± 19,171 people

  2. India

    174,548 ± 10,187 people

  3. Poland

    126,880 ± 8,702 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 642,065 Illinois residents, followed by India with 174,548 and Poland with 126,880.

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Citizenship

93.2%

2018 Citizenship

92.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.2% of Illinois residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Illinois was 92.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Illinois compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.76M ± 3.67k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.21M ± 38.1k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.76M ± 8.26k

In 2018, there were 3.51 times more White Alone residents (7.76M people) in Illinois than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.21M Hispanic or Latino and 1.76M Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Illinois as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,640,227 speakers (13.7%)

  2. Polish

    176,936 speakers (1.48%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    104,259 speakers (0.87%)

23.5% of Illinois citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Illinois was Spanish. 13.7% of the overall population of Illinois are native Spanish speakers. 1.48% speak Polish and 0.87% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    196,391 ± 5,401

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    98,857 ± 5,620

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    70,370 ± 3,498

Illinois has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Illinois awarded 216,265 degrees. The student population of Illinois is skewed towards women, with 328,457 male students and 439,812 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Illinois are White (121,878 and 60.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (27,594 and 13.8%), Black or African American (23,391 and 11.7%), and Asian (12,857 and 6.41%).

The largest universities in Illinois by number of degrees awarded are University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (13,181 and 6.09%), Chamberlain University-Illinois (9,808 and 4.54%), and Northwestern University (9,012 and 4.17%).

The most popular majors in Illinois are Registered Nursing (15,084 and 6.97%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (14,721 and 6.81%), and General Business Administration & Management (11,592 and 5.36%).

The median tuition costs in Illinois are $28,320 for private four year colleges, and $9,170 and $16,267 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 11,185 degrees awarded

  2. 3,779 degrees awarded

  3. 3,673 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Illinois was Registered Nursing with 11,185 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Illinois according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 13,181 degrees awarded

  2. 9,808 degrees awarded

  3. 9,012 degrees awarded

$9,170

Median In-State Public

$28,320

Median Private

In 2017, the Illinois institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign with 13,181 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

92,173

Degrees Awarded to Men

124,092

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 92,173 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Illinois, which is 0.743 times less than the 124,092 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Illinois by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    121,878 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    27,594 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    23,391 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Illinois were to White students. These 121,878 degrees mean that there were 4.42 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 27,594 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Illinois was $203,400 in 2018, which is 0.886 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $195,300 to $203,400, a 4.15% increase. The homeownership rate in Illinois is 66%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Illinois have an average commute time of 27.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Illinois is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$203,400

2018 Median

± $1,452

$195,300

2017 Median

± $1,257

In 2018, the median property value in Illinois grew to to $203,400 from the previous year's value of $195,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Illinois compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Illinois the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,030

Median Household Income

± $500

4.86M

Number of Households

± 33,571

In 2018, the median household income of the 4.86M households in Illinois grew to $65,030 from the previous year's value of $62,992.

The following chart displays the households in Illinois distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Illinois distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Illinois the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66%

2018 Homeownership

66.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 66% of the housing units in Illinois were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Illinois compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Illinois have a longer commute time (27.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.11% of the workforce in Illinois have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Illinois compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    72.7%

  2. Public Transit

    9.4%

  3. Carpooled

    8.25%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Illinois was Drove Alone (72.7%), followed by those who Public Transit (9.4%) and those who Carpooled (8.25%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Illinois distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Illinois have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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