Louisiana

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Population

4.66M

0.52% decline

Median Age

37.3


Median Household Income

$47,905

3.81% growth

Poverty Rate

19.6%


Number of Employees

1.93M

0.0139% decline

Median Property Value

$167,300

2.95% growth

About

In 2018, Louisiana had a population of 4.66M people with a median age of 37.3 and a median household income of $47,905. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Louisiana declined from 4.68M to 4.66M, a -0.52% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,145 to $47,905, a 3.81% increase.

The population of Louisiana is 58.4% White Alone, 32.2% Black or African American Alone, and 5.15% Hispanic or Latino. 7.64% of the people in Louisiana speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Louisiana are Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical College (6,799 degrees awarded in 2017), Tulane University of Louisiana (4,416 degrees), and Delgado Community College (3,756 degrees).

The median property value in Louisiana is $167,300, and the homeownership rate is 65.5%. Most people in Louisiana commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Louisiana is 2 cars per household.

Louisiana borders Arkansas, Mississippi, and Texas.

Economy

The economy of Louisiana employs 1.93M people. The largest industries in Louisiana are Construction (143,119 people), Restaurants & Food Services (140,900 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (127,217 people), and the highest paying industries are Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($178,782), Paperboard container manufacturing ($159,939), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($141,628).

Median household income in Louisiana is $47,905. Males in Louisiana have an average income that is 1.56 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,815. The income inequality in Louisiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,905

2018 value

± $740

3.81%

1 Year Growth

± 1.99%

Households in Louisiana have a median annual income of $47,905, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,145 in 2017, which represents a 3.81% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Louisiana compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$65,054

Average Male Salary

± $1,713

$41,815

Average Female Salary

± $1,033

In 2018, full-time male employees in Louisiana made 1.56 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $54,325 ± $1,279

  2. Two or More Races

    $46,528 ± $8,199

  3. Asian

    $42,224 ± $6,418

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Louisiana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than Two or More Races workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.466

2018 Wage GINI

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.46% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Louisiana was Ascension Parish, LA with a value of $79,495, followed by St. Tammany Parish, LA and Livingston Parish, LA, with respective values of $65,392 and $64,067.

The following map shows all of the counties in Louisiana colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Louisiana (888k out of 4.53M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    474,168 ± 4,825

  2. White

    359,018 ± 4,729

  3. Hispanic

    51,617 ± 1,781

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Louisiana is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.93M

2018 Value

-0.0139%

1 Year decline

± -0.0139%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Louisiana declined at a rate of -0.0139%, from 1.93M employees to 1.93M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Louisiana, are Cashiers (53,009 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (52,546 people), and Registered nurses (52,088 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Louisiana.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Louisiana, by number of employees, are Cashiers (53,009 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (52,546 people), and Registered nurses (52,088 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Louisiana has an unusually high number of residents working as Ship & boat captains & operators (7.98 times higher than expected), Boilermakers (7.36 times), and Derrick, rotary drill, & service unit operators, & roustabouts, oil, gas, & mining (6.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Louisiana, by average salary, are Surgeons ($332,137), Personal financial advisors ($209,985), and Nurse anesthetists ($198,240).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.93M

2018 Value

-0.0139%

1 Year decline

± -0.0139%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Louisiana declined at a rate of -0.0139%, from 1.93M employees to 1.93M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Louisiana, are Construction (143,119 people), Restaurants & Food Services (140,900 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (127,217 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Louisiana, though some of these residents may live in Louisiana and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Louisiana, by number of employees, are Construction (143,119 people), Restaurants & Food Services (140,900 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (127,217 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Louisiana has an unusually high number of Support activities for mining (6.97 times higher than expected), Petroleum refining (6.81 times), and Water transportation (5.86 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Louisiana, by average salary, are Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($178,782), Paperboard container manufacturing ($159,939), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($141,628).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $79.9B

  2. $78.1B

  3. $43.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $79.9B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($78.1B) and Basic chemicals ($43.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$395B

2020 Value

$476B

Projected 2045 Value

20.5% growth

In 2020, total outbound Louisiana trade was $395B. This is expected to increase 20.5% to $476B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $41.9B

  2. $38.6B

  3. $13.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $41.9B, followed by Mississippi with $38.6B and Florida and $13.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.6% of the population of Louisiana has health coverage, with 41.9% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.78% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Louisiana was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Louisiana see 1527 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (1543 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1881 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 422 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, Assumption Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,527 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Louisiana see an average of 1,527 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (1,543 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Louisiana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,815

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,420

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,281

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,811

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.35%

Uninsured

41.9%

Employer Coverage

24.7%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.78%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Louisiana declined by 18.6% from 10.3% to 8.35%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Louisiana changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 15.6% prevalence

Tensas Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Louisiana is home to a population of 4.66M people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.14% of Louisiana residents were born outside of the country (194k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Louisiana is composed of 2.72M White Alone residents (58.4%), 1.5M Black or African American Alone residents (32.2%), 240k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.15%), 91.2k Two or More Races residents (1.96%), 74.8k Asian Alone residents (1.61%), 22.7k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.487%), 10.8k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.233%), and 606 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.013%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Louisiana are Spanish (155,230 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (77,066 speakers), and Vietnamese (24,495 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Louisiana was 37.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Louisiana are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Louisiana residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.14%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

194k people

4.01%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

188k people

As of 2017, 4.14% of Louisiana residents (194k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Louisiana was 4.01%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Louisiana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    30,501 ± 4,274 people

  2. Honduras

    28,358 ± 4,122 people

  3. Vietnam

    18,763 ± 3,356 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Louisiana was Mexico, the natal country of 30,501 Louisiana residents, followed by Honduras with 28,358 and Vietnam with 18,763.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2018 Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.5% of Louisiana residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Louisiana was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Louisiana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.72M ± 2.75k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.5M ± 7.84k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    240k ± 11.5k

In 2018, there were 1.82 times more White Alone residents (2.72M people) in Louisiana than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.5M Black or African American Alone and 240k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Louisiana as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    155,230 speakers (3.56%)

  2. French (Incl. Cajun)

    77,066 speakers (1.77%)

  3. Vietnamese

    24,495 speakers (0.562%)

7.64% of Louisiana citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Louisiana was Spanish. 3.56% of the overall population of Louisiana are native Spanish speakers. 1.77% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.562% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    83,331 ± 4,321

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    53,908 ± 4,859

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    39,567 ± 3,597

Louisiana has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Louisiana awarded 66,837 degrees. The student population of Louisiana is skewed towards women, with 97,100 male students and 152,391 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Louisiana are White (36,989 and 57.1%), followed by Black or African American (19,024 and 29.4%), Hispanic or Latino (3,078 and 4.75%), and Unknown (2,253 and 3.48%).

The largest universities in Louisiana by number of degrees awarded are Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical College (6,799 and 10.2%), Tulane University of Louisiana (4,416 and 6.61%), and Delgado Community College (3,756 and 5.62%).

The most popular majors in Louisiana are General Studies (4,803 and 7.19%), General Business Administration & Management (2,957 and 4.42%), and Registered Nursing (2,938 and 4.4%).

The median tuition costs in Louisiana are $16,044 for private four year colleges, and $5,532 and $12,056 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,683 degrees awarded

  2. 1,298 degrees awarded

  3. 1,978 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Louisiana was General Business Administration & Management with 1,683 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Louisiana according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,799 degrees awarded

  2. 4,416 degrees awarded

  3. 3,756 degrees awarded

$5,532

Median In-State Public

$16,044

Median Private

In 2017, the Louisiana institution with the largest number of graduating students was Louisiana State University and Agricultural & Mechanical College with 6,799 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

28,004

Degrees Awarded to Men

38,833

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 28,004 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Louisiana, which is 0.721 times less than the 38,833 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Louisiana by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    36,989 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    19,024 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3,078 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Louisiana were to White students. These 36,989 degrees mean that there were 1.94 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 19,024 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Louisiana was $167,300 in 2018, which is 0.728 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $162,500 to $167,300, a 2.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Louisiana is 65.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Louisiana have an average commute time of 25.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Louisiana is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$167,300

2018 Median

± $1,737

$162,500

2017 Median

± $1,272

In 2018, the median property value in Louisiana grew to to $167,300 from the previous year's value of $162,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Louisiana compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisiana the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,905

Median Household Income

± $740

1.74M

Number of Households

± 22,176

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.74M households in Louisiana grew to $47,905 from the previous year's value of $46,145.

The following chart displays the households in Louisiana distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Louisiana distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisiana the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.5%

2018 Homeownership

65.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.5% of the housing units in Louisiana were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Louisiana compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Louisiana have a shorter commute time (25.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.21% of the workforce in Louisiana have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Louisiana compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.36%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Louisiana was Drove Alone (82.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9%) and those who Worked At Home (3.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Louisiana distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Louisiana have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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