Tennessee

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Population

6.77M

0.804% growth

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Median Age

38.9


Median Household Income

$52,375

2.02% growth

Number of Employees

2.96M

0.396% growth

Median Property Value

$177,500

5.97% growth

About

In 2018, Tennessee had a population of 6.77M people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $52,375. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Tennessee grew from 6.72M to 6.77M, a 0.804% increase and its median household income grew from $51,340 to $52,375, a 2.02% increase.

The population of Tennessee is 73.6% White Alone, 16.6% Black or African American Alone, and 5.51% Hispanic or Latino. 7.32% of the people in Tennessee speak a non-English language, and 96.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tennessee are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (7,103 degrees awarded in 2017), Middle Tennessee State University (5,086 degrees), and University of Memphis (4,597 degrees).

The median property value in Tennessee is $177,500, and the homeownership rate is 66.2%. Most people in Tennessee commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Tennessee is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City at night

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Tennessee compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Tennessee across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Tennessee employs 2.96M people. The largest industries in Tennessee are Restaurants & Food Services (211,498 people), Elementary & secondary schools (169,870 people), and Construction (160,274 people), and the highest paying industries are Labor unions ($175,630), Pipeline transportation ($117,383), and Coal mining ($115,431).

Median household income in Tennessee is $52,375. Males in Tennessee have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,237. The income inequality in Tennessee (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,375

2018 value

± $489

2.02%

1 Year Growth

± 1.2%

Households in Tennessee have a median annual income of $52,375, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,340 in 2017, which represents a 2.02% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Tennessee compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,607

Average Male Salary

± $1,379

$44,237

Average Female Salary

± $1,006

In 2018, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,380 ± $6,815

  2. White

    $49,129 ± $940

  3. Two or More Races

    $42,683 ± $7,409

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.464

2018 Wage GINI

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.388% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tennessee was Williamson County, TN with a value of $110,700, followed by Wilson County, TN and Robertson County, TN, with respective values of $76,756 and $69,079.

The following map shows all of the counties in Tennessee colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tennessee (1.07M out of 6.44M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    706,155 ± 6,213

  2. Black

    288,306 ± 4,019

  3. Hispanic

    101,739 ± 2,427

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tennessee is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.96M

2018 Value

0.396%

1 Year growth

± 0.396%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Tennessee grew at a rate of 0.396%, from 2.95M employees to 2.96M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tennessee, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (80,173 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (74,329 people), and Cashiers (72,994 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tennessee.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Tennessee, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (80,173 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (74,329 people), and Cashiers (72,994 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Tennessee has an unusually high number of residents working as Tire builders (3.16 times higher than expected), Biomedical & agricultural engineers (3 times), and Audiologists (2.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Tennessee, by average salary, are Surgeons ($295,901), Physicians ($249,916), and Dentists ($184,617).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.96M

2018 Value

0.396%

1 Year growth

± 0.396%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Tennessee grew at a rate of 0.396%, from 2.95M employees to 2.96M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tennessee, are Restaurants & Food Services (211,498 people), Elementary & secondary schools (169,870 people), and Construction (160,274 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tennessee, though some of these residents may live in Tennessee and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Tennessee, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (211,498 people), Elementary & secondary schools (169,870 people), and Construction (160,274 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Tennessee has an unusually high number of Household appliance manufacturing (5.24 times higher than expected), Sound recording industries (4.83 times), and Clay building material & refractories manufacturing (4.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Tennessee, by average salary, are Labor unions ($175,630), Pipeline transportation ($117,383), and Coal mining ($115,431).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.9B

  2. $35.5B

  3. $29.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $38.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($35.5B) and Mixed freight ($29.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$366B

2020 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

43.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Tennessee trade was $366B. This is expected to increase 43.2% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.6B

  2. $18.7B

  3. $18.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $31.6B, followed by Texas with $18.7B and Georgia and $18.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.5% of the population of Tennessee has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 17.2% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 2.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Tennessee was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1,380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.51%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

17.2%

Medicaid

12.3%

Medicare

12.9%

Non-Group

2.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tennessee grew by 5.16% from 9.05% to 9.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tennessee changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Tennessee is home to a population of 6.77M people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.87% of Tennessee residents were born outside of the country (327k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Tennessee is composed of 4.98M White Alone residents (73.6%), 1.12M Black or African American Alone residents (16.6%), 373k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.51%), 134k Two or More Races residents (1.99%), 119k Asian Alone residents (1.75%), 15.8k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.234%), 15.8k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.233%), and 4.19k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0619%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Tennessee are Spanish (265,195 speakers), Arabic (24,554 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (15,436 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Tennessee was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Tennessee are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Tennessee residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.87%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

327k people

4.74%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

315k people

As of 2017, 4.87% of Tennessee residents (327k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tennessee was 4.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tennessee compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    84,132 ± 7,077 people

  2. India

    18,226 ± 3,310 people

  3. Honduras

    14,274 ± 2,930 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,132 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 18,226 and Honduras with 14,274.

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Citizenship

96.9%

2018 Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.9% of Tennessee residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Tennessee was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tennessee compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    4.98M ± 3.37k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.12M ± 9.71k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    373k ± 14.3k

In 2018, there were 4.44 times more White Alone residents (4.98M people) in Tennessee than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.12M Black or African American Alone and 373k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Tennessee as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    265,195 speakers (4.17%)

  2. Arabic

    24,554 speakers (0.386%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    15,436 speakers (0.242%)

7.32% of Tennessee citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Tennessee was Spanish. 4.17% of the overall population of Tennessee are native Spanish speakers. 0.386% speak Arabic and 0.242% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    143,200 ± 5,440

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    96,531 ± 5,639

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    63,622 ± 4,639

Tennessee has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.48 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Tennessee awarded 88,046 degrees. The student population of Tennessee is skewed towards women, with 144,111 male students and 195,440 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tennessee are White (61,681 and 72.1%), followed by Black or African American (13,848 and 16.2%), Hispanic or Latino (3,308 and 3.87%), and Unknown (2,363 and 2.76%).

The largest universities in Tennessee by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Knoxville (7,103 and 8.07%), Middle Tennessee State University (5,086 and 5.78%), and University of Memphis (4,597 and 5.22%).

The most popular majors in Tennessee are Liberal Arts & Sciences (9,126 and 10.4%), General Business Administration & Management (5,170 and 5.87%), and Registered Nursing (4,770 and 5.42%).

The median tuition costs in Tennessee are $21,850 for private four year colleges, and $7,092 and $23,083 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,654 degrees awarded

  2. 1,821 degrees awarded

  3. 2,711 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tennessee was Registered Nursing with 2,654 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tennessee according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,103 degrees awarded

  2. 5,086 degrees awarded

  3. 4,597 degrees awarded

$7,092

Median In-State Public

$21,850

Median Private

In 2017, the Tennessee institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Knoxville with 7,103 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

36,534

Degrees Awarded to Men

51,512

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 36,534 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tennessee, which is 0.709 times less than the 51,512 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Tennessee by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    61,681 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    13,848 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3,308 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Tennessee were to White students. These 61,681 degrees mean that there were 4.45 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 13,848 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Tennessee was $177,500 in 2018, which is 0.773 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $167,500 to $177,500, a 5.97% increase. The homeownership rate in Tennessee is 66.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Tennessee have an average commute time of 24.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Tennessee is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$177,500

2018 Median

± $1,856

$167,500

2017 Median

± $1,112

In 2018, the median property value in Tennessee grew to to $177,500 from the previous year's value of $167,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Tennessee compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tennessee the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,375

Median Household Income

± $489

2.6M

Number of Households

± 26,065

In 2018, the median household income of the 2.6M households in Tennessee grew to $52,375 from the previous year's value of $51,340.

The following chart displays the households in Tennessee distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Tennessee distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tennessee the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.2%

2018 Homeownership

65.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 66.2% of the housing units in Tennessee were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Tennessee compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tennessee have a shorter commute time (24.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.86% of the workforce in Tennessee have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tennessee compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.97%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.75%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Tennessee was Drove Alone (83.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.97%) and those who Worked At Home (4.75%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tennessee distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tennessee have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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