Baldwin County, AL

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Population

203,360

1.93% growth

Median Age

42.6


Median Household Income

$52,562

2.33% growth

Poverty Rate

11.8%


Number of Employees

89,527

2.02% growth

Median Property Value

$182,000

4.96% growth

About

In 2017, Baldwin County, AL had a population of 203k people with a median age of 42.6 and a median household income of $52,562. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Baldwin County, AL grew from 199,510 to 203,360, a 1.93% increase and its median household income grew from $51,365 to $52,562, a 2.33% increase.

The population of Baldwin County, AL is 83.1% White Alone, 9.46% Black or African American Alone, and 4.44% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Baldwin County, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Baldwin County, AL are Columbia Southern University (7,424 degrees awarded in 2016), James H Faulkner State Community College (615 degrees), and United States Sports Academy (108 degrees).

The median property value in Baldwin County, AL is $182,000, and the homeownership rate is 72.9%. Most people in Baldwin County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Baldwin County, AL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Baldwin County, AL employs 89.5k people. The largest industries in Baldwin County, AL are Retail Trade (12,199 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,727 people), and Manufacturing (8,777 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($124,153), Utilities ($57,614), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,836).

Median household income in Baldwin County, AL is $52,562. Males in Baldwin County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Baldwin County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,562

2017 value

± $1,348

2.33%

1 Year Growth

± 3.14%

Households in Baldwin County, AL have a median annual income of $52,562, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,365 in 2016, which represents a 2.33% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Baldwin County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Baldwin County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 107.03

  2. Census Tract 107.01

  3. Census Tract 114.05

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Baldwin County, AL was Census Tract 107.03 with a value of $87,373, followed by Census Tract 107.01 and Census Tract 114.05, with respective values of $80,800 and $78,578.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Baldwin County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Baldwin County, AL (23.7k out of 200k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,515 ± 1,155

  2. Black

    5,094 ± 709

  3. Hispanic

    881 ± 323

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Baldwin County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

89.5k

2017 Value

± 2,735

2.02%

1 Year growth

± 4.15%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Baldwin County, AL grew at a rate of 2.02%, from 87.8k employees to 89.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Baldwin County, AL, are Sales & Related Occupations (12,089 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,866 people), and Management Occupations (9,145 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Baldwin County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Baldwin County, AL, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (12,089 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,866 people), and Management Occupations (9,145 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Baldwin County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.29 times higher than expected), Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.28 times), and Sales & Related Occupations (1.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Baldwin County, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($82,917), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,711), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($73,292).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

89.5k

2017 Value

± 2,735

2.02%

1 Year growth

± 4.15%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Baldwin County, AL grew at a rate of 2.02%, from 87.8k employees to 89.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Baldwin County, AL, are Retail Trade (12,199 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,727 people), and Manufacturing (8,777 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Baldwin County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Baldwin County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Baldwin County, AL, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (12,199 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,727 people), and Manufacturing (8,777 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Baldwin County, AL has an unusually high number of Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.99 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.32 times), and Construction (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Baldwin County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($124,153), Utilities ($57,614), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($52,836).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Baldwin County, AL has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 12.1% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 16.9% on non-group plans, and 2.12% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Baldwin County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Baldwin County, AL see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.78% increase from the previous year (1352 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2025 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1121 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Baldwin County, AL see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 1.78% increase from the previous year (1,352 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Baldwin County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

43.7%

Employer Coverage

12.1%

Medicaid

14.4%

Medicare

16.9%

Non-Group

2.12%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Baldwin County, AL declined by 8.61% from 11.8% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Baldwin County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Baldwin County, AL is home to a population of 203k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.25% of Baldwin County, AL residents were born outside of the country (6.61k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Baldwin County, AL is composed of 169k White Alone residents (83.1%), 19.2k Black or African American Alone residents (9.46%), 9.03k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.44%), 2.9k Two or More Races residents (1.43%), 1.53k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.751%), 1.4k Asian Alone residents (0.686%), 318 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.156%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Baldwin County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Baldwin County, AL was 42.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Baldwin County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Baldwin County, AL residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.25%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.61k people

3.27%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.52k people

As of 2017, 3.25% of Baldwin County, AL residents (6.61k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Baldwin County, AL was 3.27%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Baldwin County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Baldwin County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Baldwin County, AL was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Baldwin County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    169k ± 236

  2. Black or African American Alone

    19.2k ± 320

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    9.03k ± 887

In 2017, there were 8.78 times more White Alone residents (169k people) in Baldwin County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 19.2k Black or African American Alone and 9.03k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Baldwin County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Baldwin County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Baldwin County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Baldwin County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,619 ± 621

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,829 ± 468

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,664 ± 453

Baldwin County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Baldwin County, AL awarded 8,233 degrees. The student population of Baldwin County, AL is skewed towards men, with 14,960 male students and 11,617 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Baldwin County, AL are White (4,700 and 57.1%), followed by Black or African American (1,875 and 22.8%), Unknown (613 and 7.45%), and Hispanic or Latino (497 and 6.04%).

The largest universities in Baldwin County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Columbia Southern University (7,424 and 90.2%), James H Faulkner State Community College (615 and 7.47%), and United States Sports Academy (108 and 1.31%).

The most popular majors in Baldwin County, AL are General Business Administration & Management (2,443 and 29.7%), Occupational Safety & Health Technology (1,788 and 21.7%), and Criminal Justice - Police Science (610 and 7.41%).

The median tuition costs in Baldwin County, AL are $14,220 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Baldwin County, AL was Occupational Safety & Health Technology with 780 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Baldwin County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,424 degrees awarded

  2. 615 degrees awarded

  3. 108 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$14,220

Median Private

In 2016, the Baldwin County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbia Southern University with 7,424 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,060

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,173

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,060 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Baldwin County, AL, which is 1.59 times more than the 3,173 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Baldwin County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,700 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,875 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    613 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Baldwin County, AL were to White students. These 4,700 degrees mean that there were 2.51 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,875 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Baldwin County, AL was $182,000 in 2017, which is 0.836 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $173,400 to $182,000, a 4.96% increase. The homeownership rate in Baldwin County, AL is 72.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Baldwin County, AL have an average commute time of 25.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Baldwin County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,562

Median Household Income

± $1,348

76.1k

Number of Households

± 2,226

In 2017, the median household income of the 76.1k households in Baldwin County, AL grew to $52,562 from the previous year's value of $51,365.

The following chart displays the households in Baldwin County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$182,000

2017 Median

± $3,992

$173,400

2016 Median

± $3,862

In 2017, the median property value in Baldwin County, AL grew to to $182,000 from the previous year's value of $173,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Baldwin County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Baldwin County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Baldwin County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Baldwin County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

72.9%

2017 Homeownership

71.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.9% of the housing units in Baldwin County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Baldwin County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Baldwin County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Baldwin County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Baldwin County, AL have a longer commute time (25.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.86% of the workforce in Baldwin County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Baldwin County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.7%

  2. Carpooled

    7.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.65%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Baldwin County, AL was Drove Alone (84.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.62%) and those who Worked At Home (5.65%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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