Maricopa County, AZ

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Population

4.41M

2.41% growth

Median Age

36.6


Median Household Income

$65,252

4.87% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Number of Employees

2.14M

3.71% growth

Median Property Value

$276,800

7.91% growth

About

In 2018, Maricopa County, AZ had a population of 4.41M people with a median age of 36.6 and a median household income of $65,252. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Maricopa County, AZ grew from 4.31M to 4.41M, a 2.41% increase and its median household income grew from $62,223 to $65,252, a 4.87% increase.

The population of Maricopa County, AZ is 54.8% White Alone, 31.3% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.47% Black or African American Alone. 27.7% of the people in Maricopa County, AZ speak a non-English language, and 91.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Maricopa County, AZ are University of Phoenix-Arizona (36,420 degrees awarded in 2017), Grand Canyon University (19,139 degrees), and Arizona State University-Tempe (13,751 degrees).

The median property value in Maricopa County, AZ is $276,800, and the homeownership rate is 62.6%. Most people in Maricopa County, AZ commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Maricopa County, AZ is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Maricopa County, AZ employs 2.14M people. The largest industries in Maricopa County, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (255,985 people), Retail Trade (246,762 people), and Educational Services (179,887 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,053), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,578), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($61,445).

Median household income in Maricopa County, AZ is $65,252. Males in Maricopa County, AZ have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,405. The income inequality in Maricopa County, AZ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,252

2018 value

± $806

4.87%

1 Year Growth

± 1.43%

Households in Maricopa County, AZ have a median annual income of $65,252, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,223 in 2017, which represents a 4.87% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Maricopa County, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

$62,316

Average Male Salary

± $1,275

$49,405

Average Female Salary

± $1,081

In 2018, full-time male employees in Arizona made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,467 ± $4,613

  2. White

    $51,046 ± $885

  3. Two or More Races

    $41,273 ± $3,473

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arizona workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Maricopa County, AZ is from Arizona.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.94% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1050.04

  2. Census Tract 1080

  3. Census Tract 2168.51

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Maricopa County, AZ was Census Tract 1050.04 with a value of $209,875, followed by Census Tract 1080 and Census Tract 2168.51, with respective values of $192,708 and $179,911.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Maricopa County, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Maricopa County, AZ (644k out of 4.1M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    451,458 ± 5,006

  2. Hispanic

    326,870 ± 3,996

  3. Other

    81,555 ± 2,278

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Maricopa County, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.14M

2018 Value

± 25,468

3.71%

1 Year growth

± 1.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Maricopa County, AZ grew at a rate of 3.71%, from 2.06M employees to 2.14M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Maricopa County, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (276,038 people), Sales & Related Occupations (239,614 people), and Management Occupations (215,144 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Maricopa County, AZ.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Maricopa County, AZ, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (276,038 people), Sales & Related Occupations (239,614 people), and Management Occupations (215,144 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Maricopa County, AZ has an unusually high number of residents working as Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.18 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.14 times), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1.14 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Maricopa County, AZ, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($85,362), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($75,570), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($75,460).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.14M

2018 Value

± 25,468

3.71%

1 Year growth

± 1.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Maricopa County, AZ grew at a rate of 3.71%, from 2.06M employees to 2.14M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Maricopa County, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (255,985 people), Retail Trade (246,762 people), and Educational Services (179,887 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Maricopa County, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Maricopa County, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Maricopa County, AZ, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (255,985 people), Retail Trade (246,762 people), and Educational Services (179,887 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Maricopa County, AZ has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.59 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.5 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Maricopa County, AZ, by median earnings, are Utilities ($84,053), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($78,578), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($61,445).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $26.7B

  2. $23.8B

  3. $18.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $26.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($23.8B) and Electronics ($18.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona state.

$177B

2020 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

63.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Arizona trade was $177B. This is expected to increase 63.9% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.2B

  2. $9.42B

  3. $4.47B

In 2015, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $25.2B, followed by Texas with $9.42B and New Mexico and $4.47B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Maricopa County, AZ has health coverage, with 47.9% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Maricopa County, AZ was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Maricopa County, AZ see 1411 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.353% decrease from the previous year (1416 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1521 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,411 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maricopa County, AZ see an average of 1,411 patients per year. This represents a 0.353% decrease from the previous year (1,416 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maricopa County, AZ in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

47.9%

Employer Coverage

17.6%

Medicaid

11.1%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

1.35%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Maricopa County, AZ grew by 1.66% from 10.3% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Maricopa County, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Maricopa County, AZ is home to a population of 4.41M people, from which 91.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.3% of Maricopa County, AZ residents were born outside of the country (614k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Maricopa County, AZ is composed of 2.42M White Alone residents (54.8%), 1.38M Hispanic or Latino residents (31.3%), 241k Black or African American Alone residents (5.47%), 181k Asian Alone residents (4.09%), 106k Two or More Races residents (2.41%), 71k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.61%), 9.67k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.219%), and 7k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.159%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Maricopa County, AZ are Spanish (866,623 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (27,661 speakers), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (20,783 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Maricopa County, AZ was 36.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Maricopa County, AZ are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Maricopa County, AZ residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

614k people

14.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

602k people

As of 2017, 14.3% of Maricopa County, AZ residents (614k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Maricopa County, AZ was 14.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Maricopa County, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arizona.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    529,069 ± 17,187 people

  2. Canada

    42,736 ± 5,060 people

  3. India

    38,953 ± 4,832 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 529,069 Arizona residents, followed by Canada with 42,736 and India with 38,953.

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Citizenship

91.4%

2018 Citizenship

91.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 91.4% of Maricopa County, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Maricopa County, AZ was 91.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Maricopa County, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.42M ± 2.07k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.38M ± 24.2k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    241k ± 5.26k

In 2018, there were 1.75 times more White Alone residents (2.42M people) in Maricopa County, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.38M Hispanic or Latino and 241k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Maricopa County, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    866,623 speakers (21%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    27,661 speakers (0.67%)

  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    20,783 speakers (0.503%)

27.7% of Maricopa County, AZ citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Maricopa County, AZ was Spanish. 21% of the overall population of Maricopa County, AZ are native Spanish speakers. 0.67% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.503% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    86,288 ± 3,587

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    51,564 ± 4,395

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    40,974 ± 3,586

Maricopa County, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.67 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Maricopa County, AZ awarded 124,926 degrees. The student population of Maricopa County, AZ is skewed towards women, with 173,889 male students and 274,961 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Maricopa County, AZ are White (58,818 and 48.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (23,837 and 19.7%), Black or African American (15,662 and 12.9%), and Unknown (11,617 and 9.6%).

The largest universities in Maricopa County, AZ by number of degrees awarded are University of Phoenix-Arizona (36,420 and 29.2%), Grand Canyon University (19,139 and 15.3%), and Arizona State University-Tempe (13,751 and 11%).

The most popular majors in Maricopa County, AZ are General Business Administration & Management (14,031 and 11.2%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (9,111 and 7.29%), and Registered Nursing (8,185 and 6.55%).

The median tuition costs in Maricopa County, AZ are $14,999 for private four year colleges, and $9,613 and $25,350 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,724 degrees awarded

  2. 6,406 degrees awarded

  3. 5,848 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Maricopa County, AZ was Behavioral Sciences with 1,724 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Maricopa County, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 36,420 degrees awarded

  2. 19,139 degrees awarded

  3. 13,751 degrees awarded

$9,613

Median In-State Public

$14,999

Median Private

In 2017, the Maricopa County, AZ institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Phoenix-Arizona with 36,420 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

48,078

Degrees Awarded to Men

76,848

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 48,078 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Maricopa County, AZ, which is 0.626 times less than the 76,848 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Maricopa County, AZ by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    58,818 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    23,837 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    15,662 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Maricopa County, AZ were to White students. These 58,818 degrees mean that there were 2.47 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 23,837 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Maricopa County, AZ was $276,800 in 2018, which is 1.21 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $256,500 to $276,800, a 7.91% increase. The homeownership rate in Maricopa County, AZ is 62.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Maricopa County, AZ have an average commute time of 24.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Maricopa County, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$276,800

2018 Median

± $2,262

$256,500

2017 Median

± $2,762

In 2018, the median property value in Maricopa County, AZ grew to to $276,800 from the previous year's value of $256,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Maricopa County, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maricopa County, AZ the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,252

Median Household Income

± $806

1.58M

Number of Households

± 19,442

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.58M households in Maricopa County, AZ grew to $65,252 from the previous year's value of $62,223.

The following chart displays the households in Maricopa County, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Maricopa County, AZ distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maricopa County, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.6%

2018 Homeownership

62.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 62.6% of the housing units in Maricopa County, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 62.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Maricopa County, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Maricopa County, AZ have a shorter commute time (24.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.84% of the workforce in Maricopa County, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Maricopa County, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.6%

  2. Carpooled

    11.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.41%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Maricopa County, AZ was Drove Alone (75.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.1%) and those who Worked At Home (7.41%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Maricopa County, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Maricopa County, AZ have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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