White County, AR

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Population

78,706

0.148% decline

Median Age

36.3


Median Household Income

$44,074

4.45% growth

Poverty Rate

16.6%


Number of Employees

32,331

0.133% growth

Median Property Value

$116,400

2.56% growth

About

In 2017, White County, AR had a population of 78.7k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $44,074. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of White County, AR declined from 78,823 to 78,706, a -0.148% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,197 to $44,074, a 4.45% increase.

The population of White County, AR is 88.4% White Alone, 4.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.99% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in White County, AR speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in White County, AR are Arkansas State University-Beebe (1,772 degrees awarded in 2016), Harding University (1,348 degrees), and Searcy Beauty College (29 degrees).

The median property value in White County, AR is $116,400, and the homeownership rate is 67.2%. Most people in White County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.2 minutes. The average car ownership in White County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of White County, AR employs 32.3k people. The largest industries in White County, AR are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,911 people), Retail Trade (4,587 people), and Educational Services (4,476 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($70,316), Information ($61,310), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,317).

Median household income in White County, AR is $44,074. Males in White County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in White County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,074

2017 value

± $3,056

4.45%

1 Year Growth

± 7.79%

Households in White County, AR have a median annual income of $44,074, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,197 in 2016, which represents a 4.45% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in White County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arkansas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arkansas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arkansas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for White County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 704.01

  2. Census Tract 712

  3. Census Tract 709

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in White County, AR was Census Tract 704.01 with a value of $58,313, followed by Census Tract 712 and Census Tract 709, with respective values of $55,462 and $54,698.

The following map shows all of the tracts in White County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in White County, AR (12.4k out of 74.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    10,603 ± 733

  2. Hispanic

    1,402 ± 265

  3. Black

    725 ± 209

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in White County, AR is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

32.3k

2017 Value

± 1,363

0.133%

1 Year growth

± 5.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in White County, AR grew at a rate of 0.133%, from 32.3k employees to 32.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in White County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,762 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,094 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,833 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of White County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of White County, AR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,762 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,094 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,833 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, White County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.62 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.59 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of White County, AR, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($62,778), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,098), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($51,258).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

32.3k

2017 Value

± 1,363

0.133%

1 Year growth

± 5.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in White County, AR grew at a rate of 0.133%, from 32.3k employees to 32.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in White County, AR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,911 people), Retail Trade (4,587 people), and Educational Services (4,476 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of White County, AR, though some of these residents may live in White County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in White County, AR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,911 people), Retail Trade (4,587 people), and Educational Services (4,476 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, White County, AR has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.19 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.6 times), and Educational Services (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in White County, AR, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($70,316), Information ($61,310), and Transportation & Warehousing ($53,317).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood ($17.5B) and Mixed freight ($8.54B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.8% of the population of White County, AR has health coverage, with 41% on employee plans, 20.8% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 2.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of White County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in White County, AR see 2030 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.89% increase from the previous year (1917 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2936 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 629 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,030 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in White County, AR see an average of 2,030 patients per year. This represents a 5.89% increase from the previous year (1,917 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in White County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.2%

Uninsured

41%

Employer Coverage

20.8%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

2.05%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in White County, AR declined by 16.7% from 12.3% to 10.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in White County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

White County, AR is home to a population of 78.7k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.69% of White County, AR residents were born outside of the country (2.12k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of White County, AR is composed of 69.6k White Alone residents (88.4%), 3.31k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.2%), 3.14k Black or African American Alone residents (3.99%), 1.89k Two or More Races residents (2.4%), 531 Asian Alone residents (0.675%), 191 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.243%), 21 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0267%), and 17 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0216%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in White County, AR are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in White County, AR was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in White County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all White County, AR residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.69%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.12k people

2.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.97k people

As of 2017, 2.69% of White County, AR residents (2.12k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in White County, AR was 2.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in White County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of White County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in White County, AR was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in White County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    69.6k ± 31

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.31k ± 576

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.14k ± 310

In 2017, there were 21.1 times more White Alone residents (69.6k people) in White County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.31k Hispanic or Latino and 3.14k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in White County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of White County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in White County, AR was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of White County, AR are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,609 ± 237

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,124 ± 305

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    966 ± 249

White County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in White County, AR awarded 3,149 degrees. The student population of White County, AR is skewed towards women, with 4,185 male students and 5,778 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in White County, AR are White (2,673 and 87.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (133 and 4.34%), Black or African American (123 and 4.01%), and Two or More Races (83 and 2.71%).

The largest universities in White County, AR by number of degrees awarded are Arkansas State University-Beebe (1,772 and 56.3%), Harding University (1,348 and 42.8%), and Searcy Beauty College (29 and 0.921%).

The most popular majors in White County, AR are Liberal Arts & Sciences (374 and 11.9%), General Studies (306 and 9.72%), and Other Health Preparatory Programs (180 and 5.72%).

The median tuition costs in White County, AR are $17,940 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 52 degrees awarded

  2. 65 degrees awarded

  3. 60 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in White County, AR was General Psychology with 52 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in White County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,772 degrees awarded

  2. 1,348 degrees awarded

  3. 29 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$17,940

Median Private

In 2016, the White County, AR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Arkansas State University-Beebe with 1,772 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,450

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,699

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,450 men were awarded degrees from institutions in White County, AR, which is 0.853 times less than the 1,699 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in White County, AR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,673 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    133 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    123 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in White County, AR were to White students. These 2,673 degrees mean that there were 20.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 133 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in White County, AR was $116,400 in 2017, which is 0.535 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,500 to $116,400, a 2.56% increase. The homeownership rate in White County, AR is 67.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in White County, AR have an average commute time of 23.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in White County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,074

Median Household Income

± $3,056

29.2k

Number of Households

± 1,259

In 2017, the median household income of the 29.2k households in White County, AR grew to $44,074 from the previous year's value of $42,197.

The following chart displays the households in White County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$116,400

2017 Median

± $5,086

$113,500

2016 Median

± $4,522

In 2017, the median property value in White County, AR grew to to $116,400 from the previous year's value of $113,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in White County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In White County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in White County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In White County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.2%

2017 Homeownership

67.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.2% of the housing units in White County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in White County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in White County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in White County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in White County, AR have a shorter commute time (23.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.95% of the workforce in White County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in White County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.2%

  2. Carpooled

    11.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.07%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in White County, AR was Drove Alone (82.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.2%) and those who Worked At Home (3.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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