El Paso County, CO

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Population

713,856

2.09% growth

Median Age

34.3


Median Household Income

$68,119

4.21% growth

Poverty Rate

11.1%


Number of Employees

338,552

5.63% growth

Median Property Value

$289,500

6.43% growth

About

In 2018, El Paso County, CO had a population of 714k people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $68,119. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of El Paso County, CO grew from 699,232 to 713,856, a 2.09% increase and its median household income grew from $65,370 to $68,119, a 4.21% increase.

The population of El Paso County, CO is 68.7% White Alone, 17.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.11% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in El Paso County, CO speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in El Paso County, CO are Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs (5,669 degrees awarded in 2017), Pikes Peak Community College (3,711 degrees), and University of Colorado Colorado Springs (2,447 degrees).

The median property value in El Paso County, CO is $289,500, and the homeownership rate is 65.6%. Most people in El Paso County, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22 minutes. The average car ownership in El Paso County, CO is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Colorado Springs Labor Day Lift Off Balloon Festival

Economy

The economy of El Paso County, CO employs 339k people. The largest industries in El Paso County, CO are Health Care & Social Assistance (47,571 people), Retail Trade (39,044 people), and Educational Services (30,384 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,630), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,697), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,481).

Median household income in El Paso County, CO is $68,119. Males in El Paso County, CO have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,774. The income inequality in El Paso County, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$68,119

2018 value

± $2,360

4.21%

1 Year Growth

± 4.27%

Households in El Paso County, CO have a median annual income of $68,119, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,370 in 2017, which represents a 4.21% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in El Paso County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$71,627

Average Male Salary

± $1,528

$54,774

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2018, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,200 ± $6,182

  2. White

    $57,410 ± $991

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,978 ± $31,442

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for El Paso County, CO is from Colorado.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.24% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 74

  2. Census Tract 71.02

  3. Census Tract 73

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Paso County, CO was Census Tract 74 with a value of $160,599, followed by Census Tract 71.02 and Census Tract 73, with respective values of $130,875 and $129,015.

The following map shows all of the tracts in El Paso County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Paso County, CO (72.7k out of 656k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    50,090 ± 1,680

  2. Hispanic

    20,998 ± 1,107

  3. Other

    7,321 ± 722

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Paso County, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

339k

2018 Value

± 9,998

5.63%

1 Year growth

± 3.99%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in El Paso County, CO grew at a rate of 5.63%, from 321k employees to 339k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Paso County, CO, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (41,580 people), Management Occupations (34,323 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (34,108 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Paso County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of El Paso County, CO, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (41,580 people), Management Occupations (34,323 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (34,108 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, El Paso County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.36 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.26 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of El Paso County, CO, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($86,475), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,130), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($85,314).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

339k

2018 Value

± 9,998

5.63%

1 Year growth

± 3.99%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in El Paso County, CO grew at a rate of 5.63%, from 321k employees to 339k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Paso County, CO, are Health Care & Social Assistance (47,571 people), Retail Trade (39,044 people), and Educational Services (30,384 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Paso County, CO, though some of these residents may live in El Paso County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in El Paso County, CO, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (47,571 people), Retail Trade (39,044 people), and Educational Services (30,384 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, El Paso County, CO has an unusually high number of Information (1.58 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.22 times), and Construction (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in El Paso County, CO, by median earnings, are Utilities ($80,630), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,697), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,481).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35B

  2. $24.9B

  3. $18.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $35B, followed by Mixed freight ($24.9B) and Electronics ($18.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$229B

2020 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

37.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $229B. This is expected to increase 37.2% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.9B

  2. $10.6B

  3. $8.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $13.9B, followed by Nebraska with $10.6B and California and $8.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.3% of the population of El Paso County, CO has health coverage, with 38.4% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 7.5% on Medicare, 17.3% on non-group plans, and 13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of El Paso County, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, CO see 1669 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.13% decrease from the previous year (1723 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 986 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 371 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,669 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in El Paso County, CO see an average of 1,669 patients per year. This represents a 3.13% decrease from the previous year (1,723 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in El Paso County, CO in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.7%

Uninsured

38.4%

Employer Coverage

17.1%

Medicaid

7.5%

Medicare

17.3%

Non-Group

13%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in El Paso County, CO grew by 9.52% from 6.12% to 6.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Paso County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

El Paso County, CO is home to a population of 714k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.64% of El Paso County, CO residents were born outside of the country (46.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of El Paso County, CO is composed of 491k White Alone residents (68.7%), 125k Hispanic or Latino residents (17.5%), 43.6k Black or African American Alone residents (6.11%), 29.2k Two or More Races residents (4.09%), 20.4k Asian Alone residents (2.86%), 2.65k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.371%), 1.94k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.271%), and 890 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.125%).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2018, the median age of all people in El Paso County, CO was 34.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in El Paso County, CO are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all El Paso County, CO residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.64%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

46.4k people

6.86%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

47.2k people

As of 2017, 6.64% of El Paso County, CO residents (46.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in El Paso County, CO was 6.86%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Paso County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    221,927 ± 11,338 people

  2. India

    25,376 ± 3,902 people

  3. China

    18,220 ± 3,309 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 221,927 Colorado residents, followed by India with 25,376 and China with 18,220.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2018 Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.6% of El Paso County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in El Paso County, CO was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Paso County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    491k ± 654

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    125k ± 8.57k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    43.6k ± 2.51k

In 2018, there were 3.94 times more White Alone residents (491k people) in El Paso County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 125k Hispanic or Latino and 43.6k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in El Paso County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    33,362 ± 3,144

  2. Vietnam

    18,312 ± 1,942

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    15,613 ± 1,944

El Paso County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in El Paso County, CO awarded 15,063 degrees. The student population of El Paso County, CO is skewed towards women, with 27,166 male students and 34,473 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Paso County, CO are White (8,823 and 59.1%), followed by Black or African American (2,256 and 15.1%), Hispanic or Latino (1,667 and 11.2%), and Unknown (792 and 5.31%).

The largest universities in El Paso County, CO by number of degrees awarded are Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs (5,669 and 37.6%), Pikes Peak Community College (3,711 and 24.6%), and University of Colorado Colorado Springs (2,447 and 16.2%).

The most popular majors in El Paso County, CO are General Business Administration & Management (3,355 and 22.3%), Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (846 and 5.62%), and Registered Nursing (674 and 4.47%).

The median tuition costs in El Paso County, CO are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $6,888 and $18,072 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in El Paso County, CO was Information Technology with 379 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in El Paso County, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,669 degrees awarded

  2. 3,711 degrees awarded

  3. 2,447 degrees awarded

$6,888

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2017, the El Paso County, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs with 5,669 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,791

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,272

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,791 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Paso County, CO, which is 0.821 times less than the 8,272 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in El Paso County, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,823 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,256 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,667 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in El Paso County, CO were to White students. These 8,823 degrees mean that there were 3.91 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,256 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in El Paso County, CO was $289,500 in 2018, which is 1.26 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $272,000 to $289,500, a 6.43% increase. The homeownership rate in El Paso County, CO is 65.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in El Paso County, CO have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in El Paso County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$289,500

2018 Median

± $4,477

$272,000

2017 Median

± $5,050

In 2018, the median property value in El Paso County, CO grew to to $289,500 from the previous year's value of $272,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in El Paso County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$68,119

Median Household Income

± $2,360

261k

Number of Households

± 8,245

In 2018, the median household income of the 261k households in El Paso County, CO grew to $68,119 from the previous year's value of $65,370.

The following chart displays the households in El Paso County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in El Paso County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Paso County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.6%

2018 Homeownership

63%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.6% of the housing units in El Paso County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in El Paso County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Paso County, CO have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.41% of the workforce in El Paso County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Paso County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.89%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.9%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in El Paso County, CO was Drove Alone (77.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.89%) and those who Worked At Home (6.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Paso County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Paso County, CO have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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