Orange County, FL

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Population

1.38M

2.35% growth

Poverty Rate

16.7%


Median Age

35.3


Median Household Income

$58,588

8.28% growth

Number of Employees

702,972

2.26% growth

Median Property Value

$259,000

10.5% growth

About

In 2018, Orange County, FL had a population of 1.38M people with a median age of 35.3 and a median household income of $58,588. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Orange County, FL grew from 1.35M to 1.38M, a 2.35% increase and its median household income grew from $54,107 to $58,588, a 8.28% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Orange County, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (39.3%), White (Hispanic) (24.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.8%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (5.13%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.09%). 37.8% of the people in Orange County, FL speak a non-English language, and 89.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Orange County, FL are University of Central Florida (16,314 degrees awarded in 2017), Valencia College (12,948 degrees), and Full Sail University (6,285 degrees).

The median property value in Orange County, FL is $259,000, and the homeownership rate is 54.7%. Most people in Orange County, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Orange County, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Fireworks at Epcot

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Florida. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Florida, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Florida. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Florida across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Orange County, FL employs 703k people. The largest industries in Orange County, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,917 people), Retail Trade (81,499 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (76,385 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($136,435), Utilities ($64,031), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,117).

Median household income in Orange County, FL is $58,588. Males in Orange County, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,612. The income inequality in Orange County, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,588

2018 value

± $2,526

8.28%

1 Year Growth

± 4.71%

Households in Orange County, FL have a median annual income of $58,588, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,107 in 2017, which represents a 8.28% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Orange County, FL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$62,257

Average Male Salary

± $878

$46,612

Average Female Salary

± $604

In 2018, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,219 ± $3,256

  2. White

    $51,352 ± $590

  3. American Indian

    $40,596 ± $5,196

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orange County, FL is from Florida.

0.474

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.214% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 160.02

  2. Census Tract 158.01

  3. Census Tract 158.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orange County, FL was Census Tract 160.02 with a value of $156,333, followed by Census Tract 158.01 and Census Tract 158.02, with respective values of $154,167 and $148,333.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Orange County, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orange County, FL (209k out of 1.26M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    112,905 ± 2,934

  2. Hispanic

    83,981 ± 2,630

  3. Black

    60,825 ± 2,255

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orange County, FL is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

703k

2018 Value

± 18,777

2.26%

1 Year growth

± 3.56%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orange County, FL grew at a rate of 2.26%, from 687k employees to 703k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orange County, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (88,413 people), Sales & Related Occupations (86,651 people), and Management Occupations (74,086 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orange County, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orange County, FL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (88,413 people), Sales & Related Occupations (86,651 people), and Management Occupations (74,086 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orange County, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.35 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.22 times), and Sales & Related Occupations (1.22 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orange County, FL, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($67,512), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($66,144), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,608).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

703k

2018 Value

± 18,777

2.26%

1 Year growth

± 3.56%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orange County, FL grew at a rate of 2.26%, from 687k employees to 703k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orange County, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,917 people), Retail Trade (81,499 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (76,385 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orange County, FL, though some of these residents may live in Orange County, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orange County, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,917 people), Retail Trade (81,499 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (76,385 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Orange County, FL has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.93 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.5 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orange County, FL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($136,435), Utilities ($64,031), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,117).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $63.5B

  2. $51.6B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $63.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($51.6B) and Electronics ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$497B

2020 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

43.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $497B. This is expected to increase 43.6% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.5B

  2. $16.6B

  3. $11.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $19.5B, followed by Texas with $16.6B and California and $11.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.9% of the population of Orange County, FL has health coverage, with 46.2% on employee plans, 15.5% on Medicaid, 8.56% on Medicare, 14.2% on non-group plans, and 1.41% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Orange County, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Orange County, FL see 1207 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% decrease from the previous year (1220 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2100 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 507 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,207 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Orange County, FL see an average of 1,207 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% decrease from the previous year (1,220 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orange County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.1%

Uninsured

46.2%

Employer Coverage

15.5%

Medicaid

8.56%

Medicare

14.2%

Non-Group

1.41%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orange County, FL grew by 6.29% from 13.3% to 14.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orange County, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orange County, FL is home to a population of 1.38M people, from which 89.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.8% of Orange County, FL residents were born outside of the country (267k people).

In 2018, there were 1.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (542k people) in Orange County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 339k White (Hispanic) and 273k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Orange County, FL are Spanish (350,326 speakers), Haitian (37,701 speakers), and Portuguese (16,871 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Orange County, FL was 35.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Orange County, FL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Orange County, FL residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

267k people

19.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

253k people

As of 2017, 19.8% of Orange County, FL residents (267k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orange County, FL was 19.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orange County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    1,028,508 ± 24,290 people

  2. Haiti

    339,246 ± 14,186 people

  3. Colombia

    285,400 ± 13,028 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,028,508 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 339,246 and Colombia with 285,400.

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Citizenship

89.7%

2018 Citizenship

88.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 89.7% of Orange County, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Orange County, FL was 88.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orange County, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Orange County, FL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    542k ± 2.92k

  2. White (Hispanic)

    339k ± 10.5k

  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    273k ± 4.99k

In 2018, there were 1.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (542k people) in Orange County, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 339k White (Hispanic) and 273k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Orange County, FL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    350,326 speakers (27%)

  2. Haitian

    37,701 speakers (2.91%)

  3. Portuguese

    16,871 speakers (1.3%)

37.8% of Orange County, FL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Orange County, FL was Spanish. 27% of the overall population of Orange County, FL are native Spanish speakers. 2.91% speak Haitian and 1.3% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    18,346 ± 2,302

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    16,904 ± 2,781

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    11,114 ± 2,511

Orange County, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Orange County, FL awarded 45,902 degrees. The student population of Orange County, FL is skewed towards women, with 73,849 male students and 80,052 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Orange County, FL are White (19,058 and 42.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (11,855 and 26.6%), Black or African American (7,476 and 16.8%), and Unknown (2,616 and 5.87%).

The largest universities in Orange County, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Central Florida (16,314 and 35.5%), Valencia College (12,948 and 28.2%), and Full Sail University (6,285 and 13.7%).

The most popular majors in Orange County, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (7,067 and 15.4%), General Business Administration & Management (2,657 and 5.79%), and Registered Nursing (1,308 and 2.85%).

The median tuition costs in Orange County, FL are $12,648 for private four year colleges, and $3,231 and $13,872 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 889 degrees awarded

  2. 816 degrees awarded

  3. 1,162 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Orange County, FL was Registered Nursing with 889 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Orange County, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 16,314 degrees awarded

  2. 12,948 degrees awarded

  3. 6,285 degrees awarded

$3,231

Median In-State Public

$12,648

Median Private

In 2017, the Orange County, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Central Florida with 16,314 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

21,023

Degrees Awarded to Men

24,879

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 21,023 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Orange County, FL, which is 0.845 times less than the 24,879 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Orange County, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    19,058 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    11,855 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    7,476 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Orange County, FL were to White students. These 19,058 degrees mean that there were 1.61 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 11,855 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orange County, FL was $259,000 in 2018, which is 1.13 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $234,400 to $259,000, a 10.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Orange County, FL is 54.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orange County, FL have an average commute time of 26.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orange County, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$259,000

2018 Median

± $5,331

$234,400

2017 Median

± $5,601

In 2018, the median property value in Orange County, FL grew to to $259,000 from the previous year's value of $234,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orange County, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orange County, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$58,588

Median Household Income

± $2,526

458k

Number of Households

± 12,704

In 2018, the median household income of the 458k households in Orange County, FL grew to $58,588 from the previous year's value of $54,107.

The following chart displays the households in Orange County, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orange County, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orange County, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

54.7%

2018 Homeownership

54.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 54.7% of the housing units in Orange County, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orange County, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orange County, FL have a longer commute time (26.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.83% of the workforce in Orange County, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orange County, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.91%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.45%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Orange County, FL was Drove Alone (80.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.91%) and those who Worked At Home (4.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orange County, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orange County, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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