Cook County, IL

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Population

5.21M

0.149% growth

Median Age

36.8


Median Household Income

$61,405

2.26% growth

Poverty Rate

15.9%


Number of Employees

2.56M

0.355% growth

Median Property Value

$247,600

5.63% growth

About

In 2017, Cook County, IL had a population of 5.21M people with a median age of 36.8 and a median household income of $61,405. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cook County, IL grew from 5.2M to 5.21M, a 0.149% increase and its median household income grew from $60,046 to $61,405, a 2.26% increase.

The population of Cook County, IL is 42.2% White Alone, 25.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 23.1% Black or African American Alone. 35.6% of the people in Cook County, IL speak a non-English language, and 89.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cook County, IL are Northwestern University (9,127 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Illinois at Chicago (7,525 degrees), and DePaul University (6,428 degrees).

The median property value in Cook County, IL is $247,600, and the homeownership rate is 56.4%. Most people in Cook County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Cook County, IL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Seen from an open window on the 92nd floor of the John Hancock Center in Chicago.

Economy

The economy of Cook County, IL employs 2.56M people. The largest industries in Cook County, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (359,078 people), Manufacturing (251,042 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (245,584 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,566), Finance & Insurance ($75,265), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,505).

Median household income in Cook County, IL is $61,405. Males in Cook County, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,388. The income inequality in Cook County, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,405

2017 value

± $665

2.26%

1 Year Growth

± 1.66%

Households in Cook County, IL have a median annual income of $61,405, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,046 in 2016, which represents a 2.26% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cook County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$72,886

Average Male Salary

± $1,176

$53,388

Average Female Salary

± $853

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $69,071 ± $3,279

  2. White

    $57,857 ± $795

  3. Two or More Races

    $44,999 ± $4,016

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cook County, IL is from Illinois.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.484

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.488% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 8006

  2. Census Tract 8001

  3. Census Tract 8004

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cook County, IL was Census Tract 8006 with a value of $227,708, followed by Census Tract 8001 and Census Tract 8004, with respective values of $225,391 and $212,344.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cook County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cook County, IL (822k out of 5.15M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    337,304 ± 4,048

  2. White

    309,454 ± 4,273

  3. Hispanic

    250,972 ± 3,601

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cook County, IL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.56M

2017 Value

± 27,535

0.355%

1 Year growth

± 1.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cook County, IL grew at a rate of 0.355%, from 2.55M employees to 2.56M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cook County, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (321,747 people), Management Occupations (270,933 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (260,777 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cook County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cook County, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (321,747 people), Management Occupations (270,933 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (260,777 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cook County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.47 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.25 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cook County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($98,582), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($81,659), and Management Occupations ($78,257).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.56M

2017 Value

± 27,535

0.355%

1 Year growth

± 1.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cook County, IL grew at a rate of 0.355%, from 2.55M employees to 2.56M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cook County, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (359,078 people), Manufacturing (251,042 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (245,584 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cook County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Cook County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cook County, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (359,078 people), Manufacturing (251,042 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (245,584 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cook County, IL has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.52 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.43 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cook County, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($80,566), Finance & Insurance ($75,265), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,505).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of Cook County, IL has health coverage, with 49.3% on employee plans, 21.2% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 9.47% on non-group plans, and 0.592% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cook County, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Cook County, IL see 1062 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1062 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1134 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,062 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cook County, IL see an average of 1,062 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,062 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cook County, IL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.83%

Uninsured

49.3%

Employer Coverage

21.2%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

9.47%

Non-Group

0.592%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cook County, IL grew by 6.23% from 8.31% to 8.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cook County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cook County, IL is home to a population of 5.21M people, from which 89.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 21.2% of Cook County, IL residents were born outside of the country (1.11M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cook County, IL is composed of 2.2M White Alone residents (42.2%), 1.33M Hispanic or Latino residents (25.5%), 1.2M Black or African American Alone residents (23.1%), 375k Asian Alone residents (7.2%), 91.5k Two or More Races residents (1.76%), 10.7k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.205%), 4.08k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0783%), and 957 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0184%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cook County, IL are Spanish (1,016,086 speakers), Polish (137,226 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (65,227 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cook County, IL was 36.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Cook County, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cook County, IL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

21.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.11M people

21.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.1M people

As of 2017, 21.2% of Cook County, IL residents (1.11M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cook County, IL was 21.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cook County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    659,035 ± 19,411 people

  2. India

    155,935 ± 9,636 people

  3. Poland

    133,637 ± 8,928 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 659,035 Illinois residents, followed by India with 155,935 and Poland with 133,637.

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Citizenship

89.5%

2017 Citizenship

89.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 89.5% of Cook County, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cook County, IL was 89.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cook County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.2M ± 1.61k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.33M ± 29.3k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.2M ± 5.98k

In 2017, there were 1.65 times more White Alone residents (2.2M people) in Cook County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.33M Hispanic or Latino and 1.2M Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cook County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,016,086 speakers (20.8%)

  2. Polish

    137,226 speakers (2.81%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    65,227 speakers (1.33%)

35.6% of Cook County, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Cook County, IL was Spanish. 20.8% of the overall population of Cook County, IL are native Spanish speakers. 2.81% speak Polish and 1.33% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    54,198 ± 3,021

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    22,935 ± 2,733

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    17,074 ± 1,906

Cook County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cook County, IL awarded 93,676 degrees. The student population of Cook County, IL is skewed towards women, with 143,431 male students and 192,578 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cook County, IL are White (40,768 and 47.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (15,077 and 17.6%), Black or African American (14,451 and 16.8%), and Asian (7,542 and 8.79%).

The largest universities in Cook County, IL by number of degrees awarded are Northwestern University (9,127 and 9.74%), University of Illinois at Chicago (7,525 and 8.03%), and DePaul University (6,428 and 6.86%).

The most popular majors in Cook County, IL are General Business Administration & Management (8,120 and 8.67%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,213 and 5.56%), and Biological & Physical Sciences (2,564 and 2.74%).

The median tuition costs in Cook County, IL are $27,200 for private four year colleges, and $7,450 and $14,907 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,299 degrees awarded

  2. 1,669 degrees awarded

  3. 1,447 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cook County, IL was General Business Administration & Management with 2,299 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cook County, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,127 degrees awarded

  2. 7,525 degrees awarded

  3. 6,428 degrees awarded

$7,450

Median In-State Public

$27,200

Median Private

In 2016, the Cook County, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northwestern University with 9,127 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

40,344

Degrees Awarded to Men

53,332

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 40,344 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cook County, IL, which is 0.756 times less than the 53,332 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cook County, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    40,768 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    15,077 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    14,451 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cook County, IL were to White students. These 40,768 degrees mean that there were 2.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 15,077 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cook County, IL was $247,600 in 2017, which is 1.14 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $234,400 to $247,600, a 5.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Cook County, IL is 56.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cook County, IL have an average commute time of 31.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cook County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,405

Median Household Income

± $665

1.95M

Number of Households

± 21,699

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.95M households in Cook County, IL grew to $61,405 from the previous year's value of $60,046.

The following chart displays the households in Cook County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$247,600

2017 Median

± $2,208

$234,400

2016 Median

± $2,553

In 2017, the median property value in Cook County, IL grew to to $247,600 from the previous year's value of $234,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cook County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cook County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cook County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cook County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

56.4%

2017 Homeownership

56%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 56.4% of the housing units in Cook County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cook County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cook County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cook County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

31.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cook County, IL have a longer commute time (31.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.16% of the workforce in Cook County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cook County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    60.8%

  2. Public Transit

    19.3%

  3. Carpooled

    8.04%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cook County, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Public Transit and those who Carpooled.

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