Jefferson County, IA

County

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Population
18,077
0.736% 1-year growth
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
Median Age
43

Poverty Rate
14.2%

Median Household Income
$43,378
2.56% 1-year decline
Median Property Value
$109,400
4.29% 1-year decline
Number of Employees
8,235
1.64% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Jefferson County, IA had a population of 18.1k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $43,378. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jefferson County, IA grew from 17,945 to 18,077, a 0.736% increase and its median household income declined from $44,516 to $43,378, a -2.56% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (80.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (7.2%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.12%), White (Hispanic) (2.63%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.71%). NaNk% of the people in Jefferson County, IA speak a non-English language, and 90.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IA are Maharishi University of Management (576 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Jefferson County, IA is $109,400, and the homeownership rate is 67.1%. Most people in Jefferson County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, IA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Iowa. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Iowa, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Iowa across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Iowa went to Donald J. Trump with 46% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (45.5%), followed by Other (8.56%). The most partisan county was Lyon County, IA with 81.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Jefferson County, IA is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Iowa.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Iowa
46% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Iowa
  1. 81.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 81.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 78.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Iowa was Lyon County, IA with 81.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Iowa colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Jefferson County, IA have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, IA is home to a population of 18.1k people, from which 90.6% are citizens. As of 2018, 11.1% of Jefferson County, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.01k people).

In 2018, there were 11.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.6k people) in Jefferson County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.11k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    14.6k ± 82
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.3k ± 399
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.11k ± 380
2.93%
Hispanic Population
529 people

In 2018, there were 11.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.6k people) in Jefferson County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.11k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.93% of the people in Jefferson County, IA are hispanic (529 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

11.1%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
2.01k people
10.9%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
1.95k people

As of 2018, 11.1% of Jefferson County, IA residents (2.01k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, IA was 10.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

45
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.3
31
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 8.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, IA was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Jefferson County, IA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Jefferson County, IA residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    41,844 ± 4,988 people
  2. China
    10,526 ± 2,515 people
  3. India
    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

90.6%
2018 Citizenship
90.6%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 90.6% of Jefferson County, IA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, IA was 90.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    449 ± 95
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    138 ± 92
  3. Korea
    72 ± 51

Jefferson County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.25 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Jefferson County, IA is $43,378. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, IA was Census Tract 902 with a value of $54,460, followed by Census Tract 901 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $54,342 and $40,199.

Males in Iowa have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Iowa (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Jefferson County, IA employs 8.24k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, IA are Educational Services (1,155 people), Manufacturing (1,138 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (858 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($62,091), Public Administration ($55,208), and Utilities ($49,659).

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,378
2018 value
± $3,950
-2.56%
1 Year Growth
± 12.6%

Households in Jefferson County, IA have a median annual income of $43,378, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,516 in 2017, which represents a -2.56% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
$58,922
Average Male Salary in Iowa
± $1,635
$44,006
Average Female Salary in Iowa
± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Iowa
  1. Asian
    $50,374 ± $7,648
  2. White
    $44,731 ± $967
  3. Black
    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Iowa.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, IA is from Iowa.
0.443
2017 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.445
2016 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 902
  2. Census Tract 901
  3. Census Tract 904

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, IA was Census Tract 902 with a value of $54,460, followed by Census Tract 901 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $54,342 and $40,199.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, IA (2.4k out of 16.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,883 ± 283
  2. Asian
    333 ± 387
  3. Hispanic
    160 ± 119

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, IA is White, followed by Asian and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.24k
2018 Value
± 653
-1.64%
1 Year decline
± 11.2%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, IA declined at a rate of -1.64%, from 8.37k employees to 8.24k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, IA, are Management Occupations (1,064 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,013 people), and Production Occupations (778 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (1,064 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,013 people), and Production Occupations (778 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.95 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.86 times), and Production Occupations (1.65 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($105,033), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,375), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($56,493).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.24k
2018 Value
± 653
-1.64%
1 Year decline
± 11.2%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, IA declined at a rate of -1.64%, from 8.37k employees to 8.24k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, IA, are Educational Services (1,155 people), Manufacturing (1,138 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (858 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, IA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,155 people), Manufacturing (1,138 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (858 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.21 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.61 times), and Educational Services (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, IA, by median earnings, are Information ($62,091), Public Administration ($55,208), and Utilities ($49,659).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $24.8B
  2. $18.8B
  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa.
$245B
2015 Value in Iowa
$363B
Projected 2045 Value in Iowa
47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $26.2B
  2. $16.1B
  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jefferson County, IA awarded 576 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, IA is skewed towards men, with 1,139 male students and 507 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, IA are White (70 and 38.3%), followed by Unknown (49 and 26.8%), Black or African American (31 and 16.9%), and Hispanic or Latino (18 and 9.84%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Maharishi University of Management (576 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, IA are Computer Science (355 and 61.6%), General Business Administration & Management (78 and 13.5%), and Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (36 and 6.25%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, IA are $27,000 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 27 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 26 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 348 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Jefferson County, IA was Accounting & Business Management with 27 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Jefferson County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
576 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$27,000
Median Private

In 2017, the Jefferson County, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Maharishi University of Management with 576 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

392
Degrees Awarded to Men
184
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 392 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, IA, which is 2.13 times more than the 184 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jefferson County, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    70 degrees awarded
  2. Unknown
    49 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    31 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, IA were to White students. These 70 degrees mean that there were 1.43 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 49 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, IA was $109,400 in 2018, which is 0.476 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $114,300 to $109,400, a 4.29% decrease. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, IA is 67.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, IA have an average commute time of 13.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$109,400
2018 Median
± $6,272
$114,300
2017 Median
± $8,360

In 2018, the median property value in Jefferson County, IA declined from to $109,400 from the previous year's value of $114,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$43,378
Median Household Income
± $3,950
6.83k
Number of Households
± 543

In 2018, the median household income of the 6.83k households in Jefferson County, IA declined from $43,378 from the previous year's value of $44,516.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.1%
2018 Homeownership
67.3%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.1% of the housing units in Jefferson County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

13.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, IA have a shorter commute time (13.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 1.55% of the workforce in Jefferson County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    71.1%
  2. Worked At Home
    12.5%
  3. Carpooled
    9.54%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, IA was Drove Alone (71.1%), followed by those who Worked At Home (12.5%) and those who Carpooled (9.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

95.4% of the population of Jefferson County, IA has health coverage, with 36.3% on employee plans, 20% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 24% on non-group plans, and 1.72% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Iowa was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IA see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.93% decrease from the previous year (1333 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1809 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 952 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,254 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, IA

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IA see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 5.93% decrease from the previous year (1,333 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, IA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
$8,200
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Iowa
$4,076
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,702
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,317
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.58%
Uninsured
36.3%
Employer Coverage
20%
Medicaid
13.4%
Medicare
24%
Non-Group
1.72%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, IA declined by 27.1% from 6.28% to 4.58%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 13.3% prevalence
  2. 12.6% prevalence
  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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