Nassau County, NY

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Population

1.36M

0.816% decline

Median Age

41.7


Median Household Income

$116,304

7.56% growth

Poverty Rate

5.85%


Number of Employees

694,792

0.226% growth

Median Property Value

$517,500

5.63% growth

About

In 2018, Nassau County, NY had a population of 1.36M people with a median age of 41.7 and a median household income of $116,304. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Nassau County, NY declined from 1.37M to 1.36M, a -0.816% decrease and its median household income grew from $108,133 to $116,304, a 7.56% increase.

The population of Nassau County, NY is 59% White Alone, 17.2% Hispanic or Latino, and 11.4% Black or African American Alone. 29.3% of the people in Nassau County, NY speak a non-English language, and 92.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Nassau County, NY are Nassau Community College (3,582 degrees awarded in 2017), Hofstra University (3,143 degrees), and New York Institute of Technology (2,365 degrees).

The median property value in Nassau County, NY is $517,500, and the homeownership rate is 79.8%. Most people in Nassau County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 35.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Nassau County, NY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Jones Beach on Long Island

Economy

The economy of Nassau County, NY employs 695k people. The largest industries in Nassau County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (113,444 people), Educational Services (86,979 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (68,257 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($158,152), Utilities ($99,879), and Finance & Insurance ($97,190).

Median household income in Nassau County, NY is $116,304. Males in Nassau County, NY have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,914. The income inequality in Nassau County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.493, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$116,304

2018 value

± $2,934

7.56%

1 Year Growth

± 3.31%

Households in Nassau County, NY have a median annual income of $116,304, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $108,133 in 2017, which represents a 7.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Nassau County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$81,735

Average Male Salary

± $1,216

$63,914

Average Female Salary

± $886

In 2018, full-time male employees in New York made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $69,391 ± $897

  2. Asian

    $66,385 ± $2,329

  3. Two or More Races

    $56,062 ± $4,048

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Nassau County, NY is from New York.

0.493

2018 Wage GINI

0.497

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in New York was 0.493 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3017

  2. Census Tract 5177.05

  3. Census Tract 5182.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Nassau County, NY was Census Tract 3017 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 5177.05 and Census Tract 5182.01, with respective values of $250,001 and $225,208.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Nassau County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

5.85% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Nassau County, NY (78.7k out of 1.34M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    39,038 ± 1,349

  2. Hispanic

    26,528 ± 1,240

  3. Black

    13,960 ± 937

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Nassau County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

695k

2018 Value

± 13,447

0.226%

1 Year growth

± 2.7%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Nassau County, NY grew at a rate of 0.226%, from 693k employees to 695k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Nassau County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (87,408 people), Management Occupations (75,204 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (74,467 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Nassau County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Nassau County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (87,408 people), Management Occupations (75,204 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (74,467 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Nassau County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (2.52 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.12 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Nassau County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($98,268), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($97,703), and Management Occupations ($96,122).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

695k

2018 Value

± 13,447

0.226%

1 Year growth

± 2.7%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Nassau County, NY grew at a rate of 0.226%, from 693k employees to 695k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Nassau County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (113,444 people), Educational Services (86,979 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (68,257 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Nassau County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Nassau County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Nassau County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (113,444 people), Educational Services (86,979 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (68,257 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Nassau County, NY has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.74 times higher than expected), Information (1.37 times), and Educational Services (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Nassau County, NY, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($158,152), Utilities ($99,879), and Finance & Insurance ($97,190).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $72.7B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $50B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $72.7B, followed by Electronics ($54.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($50B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$615B

2020 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

38.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $615B. This is expected to increase 38.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.7B

  2. $32.1B

  3. $20.7B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $37.7B, followed by Pennsylvania with $32.1B and Connecticut and $20.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.2% of the population of Nassau County, NY has health coverage, with 59.5% on employee plans, 10% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.232% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Nassau County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Nassau County, NY see 700 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.19% increase from the previous year (685 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 836 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 365 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

700 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Nassau County, NY see an average of 700 patients per year. This represents a 2.19% increase from the previous year (685 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Nassau County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.8%

Uninsured

59.5%

Employer Coverage

10%

Medicaid

13.6%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

0.232%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Nassau County, NY grew by 13.3% from 4.24% to 4.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Nassau County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Nassau County, NY is home to a population of 1.36M people, from which 92.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 21.9% of Nassau County, NY residents were born outside of the country (300k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Nassau County, NY is composed of 801k White Alone residents (59%), 234k Hispanic or Latino residents (17.2%), 155k Black or African American Alone residents (11.4%), 135k Asian Alone residents (9.92%), 22.5k Two or More Races residents (1.66%), 9.21k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.678%), 1.63k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.12%), and 96 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00707%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Nassau County, NY are Spanish (171,127 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (30,771 speakers), and Italian (18,311 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

50

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Nassau County, NY was 41.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Nassau County, NY are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Nassau County, NY residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

21.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

300k people

21.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

296k people

As of 2017, 21.9% of Nassau County, NY residents (300k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Nassau County, NY was 21.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Nassau County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,970 ± 17,236 people

  2. China

    407,280 ± 15,504 people

  3. Mexico

    222,031 ± 11,503 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,970 New York residents, followed by China with 407,280 and Mexico with 222,031.

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Citizenship

92.4%

2018 Citizenship

91.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 92.4% of Nassau County, NY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Nassau County, NY was 91.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Nassau County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    801k ± 1.99k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    234k ± 15k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    155k ± 3.13k

In 2018, there were 3.42 times more White Alone residents (801k people) in Nassau County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 234k Hispanic or Latino and 155k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Nassau County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    171,127 speakers (13.3%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    30,771 speakers (2.4%)

  3. Italian

    18,311 speakers (1.43%)

29.3% of Nassau County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Nassau County, NY was Spanish. 13.3% of the overall population of Nassau County, NY are native Spanish speakers. 2.4% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 1.43% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    14,428 ± 1,659

  2. Korea

    4,835 ± 901

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,884 ± 963

Nassau County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Nassau County, NY awarded 18,230 degrees. The student population of Nassau County, NY is skewed towards women, with 28,755 male students and 39,051 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Nassau County, NY are White (8,323 and 50.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,692 and 16.4%), Black or African American (2,555 and 15.6%), and Asian (1,335 and 8.16%).

The largest universities in Nassau County, NY by number of degrees awarded are Nassau Community College (3,582 and 19.6%), Hofstra University (3,143 and 17.2%), and New York Institute of Technology (2,365 and 13%).

The most popular majors in Nassau County, NY are Humanistic Studies (1,644 and 9.02%), General Business Administration & Management (1,316 and 7.22%), and Registered Nursing (863 and 4.73%).

The median tuition costs in Nassau County, NY are $31,855 for private four year colleges, and $6,670 and $16,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 735 degrees awarded

  2. 485 degrees awarded

  3. 423 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Nassau County, NY was Registered Nursing with 735 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Nassau County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,582 degrees awarded

  2. 3,143 degrees awarded

  3. 2,365 degrees awarded

$6,670

Median In-State Public

$31,855

Median Private

In 2017, the Nassau County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Nassau Community College with 3,582 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,788

Degrees Awarded to Men

11,442

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,788 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Nassau County, NY, which is 0.593 times less than the 11,442 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Nassau County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,323 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,692 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    2,555 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Nassau County, NY were to White students. These 8,323 degrees mean that there were 3.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,692 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Nassau County, NY was $517,500 in 2018, which is 2.25 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $489,900 to $517,500, a 5.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Nassau County, NY is 79.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Nassau County, NY have an average commute time of 35.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Nassau County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$517,500

2018 Median

± $7,447

$489,900

2017 Median

± $4,100

In 2018, the median property value in Nassau County, NY grew to to $517,500 from the previous year's value of $489,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Nassau County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Nassau County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$116,304

Median Household Income

± $2,934

447k

Number of Households

± 10,081

In 2018, the median household income of the 447k households in Nassau County, NY grew to $116,304 from the previous year's value of $108,133.

The following chart displays the households in Nassau County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Nassau County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Nassau County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

79.8%

2018 Homeownership

80.1%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 79.8% of the housing units in Nassau County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 80.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Nassau County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

35.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Nassau County, NY have a longer commute time (35.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 8.99% of the workforce in Nassau County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Nassau County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    67.5%

  2. Public Transit

    17.3%

  3. Carpooled

    7.72%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Nassau County, NY was Drove Alone (67.5%), followed by those who Public Transit (17.3%) and those who Carpooled (7.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Nassau County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Nassau County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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