Hamilton County, TN

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Population

364,286

0.739% growth

Median Age

39.7


Median Household Income

$57,280

11.7% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Number of Employees

177,723

3.57% growth

Median Property Value

$182,100

2.71% growth

About

In 2018, Hamilton County, TN had a population of 364k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $57,280. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Hamilton County, TN grew from 361,613 to 364,286, a 0.739% increase and its median household income grew from $51,302 to $57,280, a 11.7% increase.

The population of Hamilton County, TN is 70.8% White Alone, 18.3% Black or African American Alone, and 5.86% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Hamilton County, TN speak a non-English language, and 96.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hamilton County, TN are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (2,500 degrees awarded in 2017), Chattanooga State Community College (1,410 degrees), and Southern Adventist University (768 degrees).

The median property value in Hamilton County, TN is $182,100, and the homeownership rate is 64.2%. Most people in Hamilton County, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Hamilton County, TN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hamilton County, TN employs 178k people. The largest industries in Hamilton County, TN are Health Care & Social Assistance (27,876 people), Manufacturing (22,008 people), and Retail Trade (18,906 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($97,738), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($65,056), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($56,628).

Median household income in Hamilton County, TN is $57,280. Males in Hamilton County, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,237. The income inequality in Hamilton County, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,280

2018 value

± $2,712

11.7%

1 Year Growth

± 7.05%

Households in Hamilton County, TN have a median annual income of $57,280, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,302 in 2017, which represents a 11.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hamilton County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$60,607

Average Male Salary

± $1,379

$44,237

Average Female Salary

± $1,006

In 2018, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,380 ± $6,815

  2. White

    $49,129 ± $940

  3. Two or More Races

    $42,683 ± $7,409

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hamilton County, TN is from Tennessee.

0.464

2018 Wage GINI

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.388% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 120

  2. Census Tract 113.24

  3. Census Tract 110.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hamilton County, TN was Census Tract 120 with a value of $124,028, followed by Census Tract 113.24 and Census Tract 110.02, with respective values of $108,796 and $99,474.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hamilton County, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hamilton County, TN (50k out of 344k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    28,391 ± 1,302

  2. Black

    18,868 ± 1,014

  3. Hispanic

    5,615 ± 656

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hamilton County, TN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

178k

2018 Value

± 7,302

3.57%

1 Year growth

± 5.76%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Hamilton County, TN grew at a rate of 3.57%, from 172k employees to 178k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hamilton County, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (23,240 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,346 people), and Management Occupations (17,409 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (23,240 people), Sales & Related Occupations (18,346 people), and Management Occupations (17,409 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hamilton County, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.39 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.23 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, TN, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($112,120), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,400), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($78,327).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

178k

2018 Value

± 7,302

3.57%

1 Year growth

± 5.76%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Hamilton County, TN grew at a rate of 3.57%, from 172k employees to 178k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hamilton County, TN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (27,876 people), Manufacturing (22,008 people), and Retail Trade (18,906 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hamilton County, TN, though some of these residents may live in Hamilton County, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hamilton County, TN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (27,876 people), Manufacturing (22,008 people), and Retail Trade (18,906 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hamilton County, TN has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.62 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.37 times), and Manufacturing (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hamilton County, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($97,738), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($65,056), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($56,628).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.9B

  2. $35.5B

  3. $29.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $38.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($35.5B) and Mixed freight ($29.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$366B

2020 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

43.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Tennessee trade was $366B. This is expected to increase 43.2% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.6B

  2. $18.7B

  3. $18.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $31.6B, followed by Texas with $18.7B and Georgia and $18.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91% of the population of Hamilton County, TN has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 10.9% on Medicaid, 15.9% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 0.902% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hamilton County, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Hamilton County, TN see 910 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.09% decrease from the previous year (939 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1408 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 555 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

910 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hamilton County, TN see an average of 910 patients per year. This represents a 3.09% decrease from the previous year (939 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hamilton County, TN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.02%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

10.9%

Medicaid

15.9%

Medicare

11%

Non-Group

0.902%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hamilton County, TN grew by 20% from 7.52% to 9.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hamilton County, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hamilton County, TN is home to a population of 364k people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.9% of Hamilton County, TN residents were born outside of the country (17.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hamilton County, TN is composed of 258k White Alone residents (70.8%), 66.5k Black or African American Alone residents (18.3%), 21.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.86%), 8.91k Two or More Races residents (2.45%), 7.32k Asian Alone residents (2.01%), 785 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.215%), 699 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.192%), and 627 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.172%).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Hamilton County, TN was 39.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Hamilton County, TN are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Hamilton County, TN residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

17.7k people

4.85%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

17.3k people

As of 2017, 4.9% of Hamilton County, TN residents (17.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hamilton County, TN was 4.85%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hamilton County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    84,132 ± 7,077 people

  2. India

    18,226 ± 3,310 people

  3. Honduras

    14,274 ± 2,930 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,132 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 18,226 and Honduras with 14,274.

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Citizenship

96.8%

2018 Citizenship

96.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 96.8% of Hamilton County, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Hamilton County, TN was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hamilton County, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    258k ± 692

  2. Black or African American Alone

    66.5k ± 2.13k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    21.4k ± 2.37k

In 2018, there were 3.88 times more White Alone residents (258k people) in Hamilton County, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 66.5k Black or African American Alone and 21.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hamilton County, TN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,811 ± 1,301

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,787 ± 1,427

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,505 ± 1,201

Hamilton County, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Hamilton County, TN awarded 5,453 degrees. The student population of Hamilton County, TN is skewed towards women, with 9,948 male students and 14,180 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hamilton County, TN are White (3,950 and 73.7%), followed by Black or African American (619 and 11.5%), Hispanic or Latino (311 and 5.8%), and Two or More Races (238 and 4.44%).

The largest universities in Hamilton County, TN by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (2,500 and 45.8%), Chattanooga State Community College (1,410 and 25.9%), and Southern Adventist University (768 and 14.1%).

The most popular majors in Hamilton County, TN are General Business Administration & Management (561 and 10.3%), Registered Nursing (524 and 9.61%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (511 and 9.37%).

The median tuition costs in Hamilton County, TN are $20,700 for private four year colleges, and $6,888 and $23,006 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 379 degrees awarded

  2. 232 degrees awarded

  3. 201 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hamilton County, TN was General Business Administration & Management with 379 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hamilton County, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,500 degrees awarded

  2. 1,410 degrees awarded

  3. 768 degrees awarded

$6,888

Median In-State Public

$20,700

Median Private

In 2017, the Hamilton County, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga with 2,500 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,071

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,382

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,071 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hamilton County, TN, which is 0.612 times less than the 3,382 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hamilton County, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,950 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    619 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    311 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hamilton County, TN were to White students. These 3,950 degrees mean that there were 6.38 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 619 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hamilton County, TN was $182,100 in 2018, which is 0.793 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $177,300 to $182,100, a 2.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Hamilton County, TN is 64.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hamilton County, TN have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hamilton County, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$182,100

2018 Median

± $6,943

$177,300

2017 Median

± $5,549

In 2018, the median property value in Hamilton County, TN grew to to $182,100 from the previous year's value of $177,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hamilton County, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hamilton County, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,280

Median Household Income

± $2,712

146k

Number of Households

± 6,132

In 2018, the median household income of the 146k households in Hamilton County, TN grew to $57,280 from the previous year's value of $51,302.

The following chart displays the households in Hamilton County, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hamilton County, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hamilton County, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.2%

2018 Homeownership

61%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 64.2% of the housing units in Hamilton County, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hamilton County, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hamilton County, TN have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in Hamilton County, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hamilton County, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.14%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Hamilton County, TN was Drove Alone (79.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.1%) and those who Worked At Home (7.14%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hamilton County, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hamilton County, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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