Harris County, TX

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Population

4.7M

0.981% growth

Median Age

33.7


Median Household Income

$60,232

2.71% growth

Poverty Rate

16.8%


Number of Employees

2.27M

2.42% growth

Median Property Value

$187,100

7.53% growth

About

In 2018, Harris County, TX had a population of 4.7M people with a median age of 33.7 and a median household income of $60,232. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Harris County, TX grew from 4.65M to 4.7M, a 0.981% increase and its median household income grew from $58,645 to $60,232, a 2.71% increase.

The population of Harris County, TX is 43.3% Hispanic or Latino, 28.9% White Alone, and 18.7% Black or African American Alone. 44.9% of the people in Harris County, TX speak a non-English language, and 83.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harris County, TX are University of Houston (9,473 degrees awarded in 2017), San Jacinto Community College (7,645 degrees), and Houston Community College (7,514 degrees).

The median property value in Harris County, TX is $187,100, and the homeownership rate is 54.1%. Most people in Harris County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Harris County, TX is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Harris County, TX employs 2.27M people. The largest industries in Harris County, TX are Construction (248,492 people), Retail Trade (238,008 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (234,224 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($111,064), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,932), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($99,854).

Median household income in Harris County, TX is $60,232. Males in Harris County, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Harris County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$60,232

2018 value

± $813

2.71%

1 Year Growth

± 2.58%

Households in Harris County, TX have a median annual income of $60,232, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,645 in 2017, which represents a 2.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Harris County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harris County, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4303

  2. Census Tract 4304

  3. Census Tract 4126

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harris County, TX was Census Tract 4303 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 4304 and Census Tract 4126, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Harris County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harris County, TX (752k out of 4.48M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    428,340 ± 5,405

  2. White

    427,941 ± 5,417

  3. Black

    183,516 ± 3,669

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harris County, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.27M

2018 Value

± 30,712

2.42%

1 Year growth

± 1.89%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Harris County, TX grew at a rate of 2.42%, from 2.22M employees to 2.27M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harris County, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (237,682 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (234,830 people), and Management Occupations (217,244 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harris County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Harris County, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (237,682 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (234,830 people), and Management Occupations (217,244 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Harris County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.71 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.31 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Harris County, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($90,304), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,603), and Legal Occupations ($79,020).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.27M

2018 Value

± 30,712

2.42%

1 Year growth

± 1.89%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Harris County, TX grew at a rate of 2.42%, from 2.22M employees to 2.27M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harris County, TX, are Construction (248,492 people), Retail Trade (238,008 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (234,224 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harris County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Harris County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Harris County, TX, by number of employees, are Construction (248,492 people), Retail Trade (238,008 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (234,224 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Harris County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.13 times higher than expected), Construction (1.65 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Harris County, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($111,064), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($100,932), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($99,854).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

79.6% of the population of Harris County, TX has health coverage, with 44.3% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 7.5% on Medicare, 9.21% on non-group plans, and 0.902% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Harris County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Harris County, TX see 1749 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.33% increase from the previous year (1726 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1508 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 964 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,749 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Harris County, TX see an average of 1,749 patients per year. This represents a 1.33% increase from the previous year (1,726 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harris County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

20.4%

Uninsured

44.3%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

7.5%

Medicare

9.21%

Non-Group

0.902%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harris County, TX grew by 6.27% from 19.2% to 20.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harris County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Harris County, TX is home to a population of 4.7M people, from which 83.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 25.3% of Harris County, TX residents were born outside of the country (1.17M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Harris County, TX is composed of 2.04M Hispanic or Latino residents (43.3%), 1.36M White Alone residents (28.9%), 877k Black or African American Alone residents (18.7%), 329k Asian Alone residents (6.99%), 74.6k Two or More Races residents (1.59%), 14.3k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.305%), 7.31k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.155%), and 2.83k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0601%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Harris County, TX are Spanish (1,526,083 speakers), Vietnamese (81,930 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (49,149 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Harris County, TX was 33.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Harris County, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Harris County, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

25.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.17M people

24.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.14M people

As of 2017, 25.3% of Harris County, TX residents (1.17M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harris County, TX was 24.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harris County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

83.4%

2018 Citizenship

83.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 83.4% of Harris County, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Harris County, TX was 83.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harris County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    2.04M ± 30.5k

  2. White Alone

    1.36M ± 2.25k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    877k ± 5.98k

In 2018, there were 1.5 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (2.04M people) in Harris County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.36M White Alone and 877k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Harris County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,526,083 speakers (35.1%)

  2. Vietnamese

    81,930 speakers (1.89%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    49,149 speakers (1.13%)

44.9% of Harris County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Harris County, TX was Spanish. 35.1% of the overall population of Harris County, TX are native Spanish speakers. 1.89% speak Vietnamese and 1.13% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    47,472 ± 3,354

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    40,372 ± 4,604

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    22,173 ± 2,929

Harris County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.18 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Harris County, TX awarded 50,739 degrees. The student population of Harris County, TX is skewed towards women, with 93,825 male students and 119,295 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harris County, TX are Hispanic or Latino (16,321 and 35.2%), followed by White (13,120 and 28.3%), Black or African American (9,573 and 20.7%), and Asian (4,964 and 10.7%).

The largest universities in Harris County, TX by number of degrees awarded are University of Houston (9,473 and 18.7%), San Jacinto Community College (7,645 and 15.1%), and Houston Community College (7,514 and 14.8%).

The most popular majors in Harris County, TX are General Studies (6,303 and 12.4%), General Business Administration & Management (3,364 and 6.63%), and Medical Assistant (1,578 and 3.11%).

The median tuition costs in Harris County, TX are $29,730 for private four year colleges, and $6,051 and $20,486 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,223 degrees awarded

  2. 925 degrees awarded

  3. 799 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Harris County, TX was Other Multidisciplinary Studies with 1,223 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Harris County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,473 degrees awarded

  2. 7,645 degrees awarded

  3. 7,514 degrees awarded

$6,051

Median In-State Public

$29,730

Median Private

In 2017, the Harris County, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Houston with 9,473 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

22,861

Degrees Awarded to Men

27,878

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 22,861 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Harris County, TX, which is 0.82 times less than the 27,878 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Harris County, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    16,321 degrees awarded

  2. White

    13,120 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    9,573 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Harris County, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 16,321 degrees mean that there were 1.24 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 13,120 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Harris County, TX was $187,100 in 2018, which is 0.815 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $174,000 to $187,100, a 7.53% increase. The homeownership rate in Harris County, TX is 54.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Harris County, TX have an average commute time of 27.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Harris County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$187,100

2018 Median

± $2,437

$174,000

2017 Median

± $1,673

In 2018, the median property value in Harris County, TX grew to to $187,100 from the previous year's value of $174,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Harris County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harris County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$60,232

Median Household Income

± $813

1.6M

Number of Households

± 23,556

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.6M households in Harris County, TX grew to $60,232 from the previous year's value of $58,645.

The following chart displays the households in Harris County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Harris County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harris County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

54.1%

2018 Homeownership

55%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 54.1% of the housing units in Harris County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 55%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Harris County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harris County, TX have a longer commute time (27.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.07% of the workforce in Harris County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harris County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.2%

  2. Carpooled

    9.85%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.35%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Harris County, TX was Drove Alone (80.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.85%) and those who Worked At Home (4.35%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harris County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harris County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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