Santa Cruz, CA

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Population

63,993

1.08% growth

Median Age

29.3


Median Household Income

$65,421

4.72% growth

Poverty Rate

24.4%


Number of Employees

31,877

1.64% growth

Median Property Value

$750,600

6.08% growth

About

In 2017, Santa Cruz, CA had a population of 64k people with a median age of 29.3 and a median household income of $65,421. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Santa Cruz, CA grew from 63,310 to 63,993, a 1.08% increase and its median household income grew from $62,471 to $65,421, a 4.72% increase.

The population of Santa Cruz, CA is 63.8% White Alone, 20.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.37% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Santa Cruz, CA speak a non-English language, and 91.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Santa Cruz, CA are University of California-Santa Cruz (4,863 degrees awarded in 2016) and Cosmo Factory Cosmetology Academy (19 degrees).

The median property value in Santa Cruz, CA is $750,600, and the homeownership rate is 47%. Most people in Santa Cruz, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Santa Cruz, CA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Coastline

Economy

The economy of Santa Cruz, CA employs 31.9k people. The largest industries in Santa Cruz, CA are Educational Services (6,750 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,645 people), and Retail Trade (3,497 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($80,690), Public Administration ($75,608), and Utilities ($67,422).

Median household income in Santa Cruz, CA is $65,421. Males in Santa Cruz, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Santa Cruz, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,421

2017 value

± $4,312

4.72%

1 Year Growth

± 8.4%

Households in Santa Cruz, CA have a median annual income of $65,421, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,471 in 2016, which represents a 4.72% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Santa Cruz, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Santa Cruz, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1212

  2. Census Tract 1011

  3. Census Tract 1202

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Santa Cruz, CA was Census Tract 1212 with a value of $131,816, followed by Census Tract 1011 and Census Tract 1202, with respective values of $98,026 and $88,884.

The following map shows all of the places in Santa Cruz, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Santa Cruz, CA (13.3k out of 54.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,688 ± 860

  2. Hispanic

    3,847 ± 623

  3. Asian

    1,386 ± 316

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Santa Cruz, CA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

31.9k

2017 Value

± 1,376

1.64%

1 Year growth

± 6.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Santa Cruz, CA grew at a rate of 1.64%, from 31.4k employees to 31.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Santa Cruz, CA, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3,937 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,720 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,512 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Santa Cruz, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Santa Cruz, CA, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3,937 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,720 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,512 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Santa Cruz, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.76 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.04 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.97 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Santa Cruz, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,991), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($81,058), and Protective Service Occupations ($76,723).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

31.9k

2017 Value

± 1,376

1.64%

1 Year growth

± 6.23%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Santa Cruz, CA grew at a rate of 1.64%, from 31.4k employees to 31.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Santa Cruz, CA, are Educational Services (6,750 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,645 people), and Retail Trade (3,497 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Santa Cruz, CA, though some of these residents may live in Santa Cruz, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Santa Cruz, CA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (6,750 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,645 people), and Retail Trade (3,497 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Santa Cruz, CA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.28 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.6 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Santa Cruz, CA, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($80,690), Public Administration ($75,608), and Utilities ($67,422).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.1% of the population of Santa Cruz, CA has health coverage, with 49.8% on employee plans, 11.7% on Medicaid, 7.96% on Medicare, 21.8% on non-group plans, and 0.759% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Santa Cruz, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Santa Cruz, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1,281 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.87%

Uninsured

49.8%

Employer Coverage

11.7%

Medicaid

7.96%

Medicare

21.8%

Non-Group

0.759%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Santa Cruz, CA declined by 16.7% from 9.45% to 7.87%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Santa Cruz, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Santa Cruz, CA is home to a population of 64k people, from which 91.2% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Santa Cruz, CA residents were born outside of the country (9.23k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Santa Cruz, CA is composed of 40.8k White Alone residents (63.8%), 13.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.6%), 5.99k Asian Alone residents (9.37%), 2.83k Two or More Races residents (4.42%), 801 Black or African American Alone residents (1.25%), 181 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.283%), 172 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.269%), and 49 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0766%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Santa Cruz, CA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Santa Cruz, CA was 29.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Santa Cruz, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Santa Cruz, CA residents was 29.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    9.23k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Santa Cruz, CA residents (9.23k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Santa Cruz, CA was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Santa Cruz, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 California residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

91.2%

2017 Citizenship

92.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.2% of Santa Cruz, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Santa Cruz, CA was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Santa Cruz, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    40.8k ± 1.11k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    13.2k ± 1.34k

  3. Asian Alone

    5.99k ± 472

In 2017, there were 3.1 times more White Alone residents (40.8k people) in Santa Cruz, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.2k Hispanic or Latino and 5.99k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Santa Cruz, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Santa Cruz, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Santa Cruz, CA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Santa Cruz, CA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    925 ± 195

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    172 ± 98

  3. Korea

    158 ± 83

Santa Cruz, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Santa Cruz, CA awarded 4,882 degrees. The student population of Santa Cruz, CA is skewed towards women, with 9,388 male students and 9,404 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Santa Cruz, CA are White (1,952 and 41.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,340 and 28.3%), Asian (939 and 19.8%), and Two or More Races (252 and 5.32%).

The largest universities in Santa Cruz, CA by number of degrees awarded are University of California-Santa Cruz (4,863 and 99.6%) and Cosmo Factory Cosmetology Academy (19 and 0.389%).

The most popular majors in Santa Cruz, CA are General Psychology (519 and 10.6%), Computer Science (317 and 6.49%), and Sociology (290 and 5.94%).

The median tuition costs in Santa Cruz, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $11,220 and $37,902 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 278 degrees awarded

  2. 270 degrees awarded

  3. 496 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Santa Cruz, CA was Sociology with 278 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Santa Cruz, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,863 degrees awarded

  2. 19 degrees awarded

$11,220

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Santa Cruz, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of California-Santa Cruz with 4,863 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,271

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,611

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,271 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Santa Cruz, CA, which is 0.87 times less than the 2,611 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Santa Cruz, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,952 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,340 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    939 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Santa Cruz, CA were to White students. These 1,952 degrees mean that there were 1.46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,340 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Santa Cruz, CA was $750,600 in 2017, which is 3.45 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $707,600 to $750,600, a 6.08% increase. The homeownership rate in Santa Cruz, CA is 47%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Santa Cruz, CA have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Santa Cruz, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,421

Median Household Income

± $4,312

22.2k

Number of Households

± 1,085

In 2017, the median household income of the 22.2k households in Santa Cruz, CA grew to $65,421 from the previous year's value of $62,471.

The following chart displays the households in Santa Cruz, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Housing

Property Value

$750,600

2017 Median

± $23,296

$707,600

2016 Median

± $19,745

In 2017, the median property value in Santa Cruz, CA grew to to $750,600 from the previous year's value of $707,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Santa Cruz, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Santa Cruz, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Santa Cruz, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Santa Cruz, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

47%

2017 Homeownership

43.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 47% of the housing units in Santa Cruz, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 43.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Santa Cruz, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Santa Cruz, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Santa Cruz, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Santa Cruz, CA have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.65% of the workforce in Santa Cruz, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Santa Cruz, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    58.1%

  2. Walked

    10.2%

  3. Bicycle

    9.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Santa Cruz, CA was Drove Alone (58.1%), followed by those who Walked (10.2%) and those who Bicycle (9.19%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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