Decatur, IL

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Population

73,505

0.753% decline

Poverty Rate

22%


Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$41,977

2.94% growth

Number of Employees

31,859

0.517% growth

Median Property Value

$80,600

0.374% growth

About

In 2017, Decatur, IL had a population of 73.5k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $41,977. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Decatur, IL declined from 74,063 to 73,505, a -0.753% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,777 to $41,977, a 2.94% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Decatur, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (69.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.8%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (6.2%), White (Hispanic) (1.74%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.21%). N/A% of the people in Decatur, IL speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Decatur, IL are Richland Community College (959 degrees awarded in 2017), Millikin University (566 degrees), and Reflections Academy of Beauty (24 degrees).

The median property value in Decatur, IL is $80,600, and the homeownership rate is 63.3%. Most people in Decatur, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16 minutes. The average car ownership in Decatur, IL is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Decatur, IL employs 31.9k people. The largest industries in Decatur, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,274 people), Manufacturing (5,140 people), and Retail Trade (4,309 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($117,679), Utilities ($62,167), and Public Administration ($51,129).

Median household income in Decatur, IL is $41,977. Males in Decatur, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Decatur, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,977

2017 value

± $1,377

2.94%

1 Year Growth

± 4.31%

Households in Decatur, IL have a median annual income of $41,977, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,777 in 2016, which represents a 2.94% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Decatur, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Decatur, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 26.01

  2. Census Tract 29.01

  3. Census Tract 23

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Decatur, IL was Census Tract 26.01 with a value of $78,068, followed by Census Tract 29.01 and Census Tract 23, with respective values of $77,560 and $68,125.

The following map shows all of the places in Decatur, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Decatur, IL (15.4k out of 70k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,526 ± 628

  2. Black

    4,793 ± 397

  3. Two Or More

    1,840 ± 283

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Decatur, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

31.9k

2017 Value

± 1,132

0.517%

1 Year growth

± 5.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, IL grew at a rate of 0.517%, from 31.7k employees to 31.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Decatur, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,367 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,302 people), and Production Occupations (2,433 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Decatur, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Decatur, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,367 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,302 people), and Production Occupations (2,433 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Decatur, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.65 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.45 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Decatur, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,098), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($71,818), and Legal Occupations ($63,750).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

31.9k

2017 Value

± 1,132

0.517%

1 Year growth

± 5.03%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, IL grew at a rate of 0.517%, from 31.7k employees to 31.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Decatur, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,274 people), Manufacturing (5,140 people), and Retail Trade (4,309 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Decatur, IL, though some of these residents may live in Decatur, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Decatur, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,274 people), Manufacturing (5,140 people), and Retail Trade (4,309 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Decatur, IL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.79 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.1 times), and Manufacturing (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Decatur, IL, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($117,679), Utilities ($62,167), and Public Administration ($51,129).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.3% of the population of Decatur, IL has health coverage, with 41.5% on employee plans, 25.9% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Decatur, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Decatur, IL see 1062 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.92% decrease from the previous year (1117 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1806 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 783 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Macon County, IL.

1,062 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Macon County, IL see an average of 1,062 patients per year. This represents a 4.92% decrease from the previous year (1,117 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Macon County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.72%

Uninsured

41.5%

Employer Coverage

25.9%

Medicaid

13.4%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Decatur, IL declined by 23.2% from 8.75% to 6.72%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Decatur, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Decatur, IL is home to a population of 73.5k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.38% of Decatur, IL residents were born outside of the country (1.75k people).

In 2017, there were 3.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (51.2k people) in Decatur, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.56k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Decatur, IL was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Decatur, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Decatur, IL residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.38%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.75k people

2.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.78k people

As of 2017, 2.38% of Decatur, IL residents (1.75k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Decatur, IL was 2.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Decatur, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Decatur, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Decatur, IL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Decatur, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Decatur, IL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    51.2k ± 649

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    14.5k ± 709

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    4.56k ± 666

In 2017, there were 3.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (51.2k people) in Decatur, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.56k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Decatur, IL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,777 ± 209

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    636 ± 168

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    577 ± 147

Decatur, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.79 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Decatur, IL awarded 1,562 degrees. The student population of Decatur, IL is skewed towards women, with 1,814 male students and 2,807 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Decatur, IL are White (1,222 and 79%), followed by Black or African American (175 and 11.3%), Two or More Races (63 and 4.07%), and Hispanic or Latino (54 and 3.49%).

The largest universities in Decatur, IL by number of degrees awarded are Richland Community College (959 and 61.4%), Millikin University (566 and 36.2%), and Reflections Academy of Beauty (24 and 1.54%).

The most popular majors in Decatur, IL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (112 and 7.17%), Registered Nursing (104 and 6.66%), and Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (86 and 5.51%).

The median tuition costs in Decatur, IL are $32,274 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 41 degrees awarded

  2. 31 degrees awarded

  3. 56 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Decatur, IL was General Music Performance with 41 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Decatur, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 959 degrees awarded

  2. 566 degrees awarded

  3. 24 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$32,274

Median Private

In 2017, the Decatur, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Richland Community College with 959 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

718

Degrees Awarded to Men

844

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 718 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Decatur, IL, which is 0.851 times less than the 844 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Decatur, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,222 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    175 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    63 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Decatur, IL were to White students. These 1,222 degrees mean that there were 6.98 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 175 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Decatur, IL was $80,600 in 2017, which is 0.351 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $80,300 to $80,600, a 0.374% increase. The homeownership rate in Decatur, IL is 63.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Decatur, IL have an average commute time of 16 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Decatur, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$80,600

2017 Median

± $2,236

$80,300

2016 Median

± $2,200

In 2017, the median property value in Decatur, IL grew to to $80,600 from the previous year's value of $80,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Decatur, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,977

Median Household Income

± $1,377

31k

Number of Households

± 1,031

In 2017, the median household income of the 31k households in Decatur, IL grew to $41,977 from the previous year's value of $40,777.

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Decatur, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.3%

2017 Homeownership

61.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.3% of the housing units in Decatur, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Decatur, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Decatur, IL have a shorter commute time (16 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.17% of the workforce in Decatur, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Decatur, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.92%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Decatur, IL was Drove Alone (80.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Worked At Home (2.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Decatur, IL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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