Bloomington, IN

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Population

83,636

0.653% growth

Median Age

23.8


Median Household Income

$33,172

6.14% growth

Poverty Rate

37.5%


Number of Employees

40,044

1.51% growth

Median Property Value

$176,300

2.44% growth

About

In 2017, Bloomington, IN had a population of 83.6k people with a median age of 23.8 and a median household income of $33,172. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bloomington, IN grew from 83,093 to 83,636, a 0.653% increase and its median household income grew from $31,254 to $33,172, a 6.14% increase.

The population of Bloomington, IN is 78.4% White Alone, 9.62% Asian Alone, and 4.22% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Bloomington, IN speak a non-English language, and 90.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bloomington, IN are Indiana University-Bloomington (11,513 degrees awarded in 2016) and Tricoci University of Beauty Cuture LLC-Bloomington (31 degrees).

The median property value in Bloomington, IN is $176,300, and the homeownership rate is 34.5%. Most people in Bloomington, IN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Bloomington, IN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Bloomington, IN employs 40k people. The largest industries in Bloomington, IN are Educational Services (11,502 people), Accommodation & Food Services (5,823 people), and Retail Trade (4,346 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,167), Public Administration ($56,731), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,778).

Median household income in Bloomington, IN is $33,172. Males in Bloomington, IN have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,677. The income inequality in Bloomington, IN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,172

2017 value

± $1,409

6.14%

1 Year Growth

± 5.3%

Households in Bloomington, IN have a median annual income of $33,172, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,254 in 2016, which represents a 6.14% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Bloomington, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

$59,508

Average Male Salary

± $1,197

$42,677

Average Female Salary

± $917

In 2017, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.39 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,595 ± $7,828

  2. White

    $45,279 ± $744

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,920 ± $17,388

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.34 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bloomington, IN is from Indiana.

0.456

2017 Wage GINI

0.457

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0682% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 10.01

  2. Census Tract 3.02

  3. Census Tract 7

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bloomington, IN was Census Tract 10.01 with a value of $96,786, followed by Census Tract 3.02 and Census Tract 7, with respective values of $67,946 and $65,000.

The following map shows all of the places in Bloomington, IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

37.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bloomington, IN (25.9k out of 69.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    19,673 ± 1,027

  2. Asian

    3,469 ± 381

  3. Black

    1,461 ± 290

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bloomington, IN is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

40k

2017 Value

± 1,510

1.51%

1 Year growth

± 5.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bloomington, IN grew at a rate of 1.51%, from 39.4k employees to 40k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bloomington, IN, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (6,072 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,765 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,999 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bloomington, IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bloomington, IN, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (6,072 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (4,765 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,999 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bloomington, IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2.51 times higher than expected), Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (2.1 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2.03 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bloomington, IN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,049), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($57,500), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($56,429).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

40k

2017 Value

± 1,510

1.51%

1 Year growth

± 5.39%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bloomington, IN grew at a rate of 1.51%, from 39.4k employees to 40k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bloomington, IN, are Educational Services (11,502 people), Accommodation & Food Services (5,823 people), and Retail Trade (4,346 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bloomington, IN, though some of these residents may live in Bloomington, IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bloomington, IN, by number of employees, are Educational Services (11,502 people), Accommodation & Food Services (5,823 people), and Retail Trade (4,346 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bloomington, IN has an unusually high number of Educational Services (3.1 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.91 times), and Information (1.44 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bloomington, IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,167), Public Administration ($56,731), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,778).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $69.1B

  2. $42.9B

  3. $39.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $69.1B, followed by Base metals ($42.9B) and Mixed freight ($39.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana state.

$446B

2015 Value

$698B

Projected 2045 Value

56.6% growth

In 2015, total outbound Indiana trade was $446B. This is expected to increase 56.6% to $698B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Indiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana to other states, or from other states to Indiana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.9B

  2. $32.7B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Indiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $39.9B, followed by Michigan with $32.7B and Illinois and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.8% of the population of Bloomington, IN has health coverage, with 55.5% on employee plans, 10.5% on Medicaid, 6.36% on Medicare, 17.3% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Bloomington, IN was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Bloomington, IN see 1505 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1852 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 701 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.4%). Additionally, Grant County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

1,505 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,505 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Indiana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Indiana.

$8,300

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,078

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,285

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,714

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.22%

Uninsured

55.5%

Employer Coverage

10.5%

Medicaid

6.36%

Medicare

17.3%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bloomington, IN declined by 9.61% from 10.2% to 9.22%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bloomington, IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.4% prevalence

  2. 15.1% prevalence

  3. 15% prevalence

Jay County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Indiana, at 15.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Indiana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bloomington, IN is home to a population of 83.6k people, from which 90.9% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Bloomington, IN residents were born outside of the country (10.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Bloomington, IN is composed of 65.5k White Alone residents (78.4%), 8.04k Asian Alone residents (9.62%), 3.53k Black or African American Alone residents (4.22%), 3.49k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.17%), 2.73k Two or More Races residents (3.27%), 225 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.269%), 54 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0646%), and 20 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0239%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Bloomington, IN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

24

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

27

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bloomington, IN was 23.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 24, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 27. But people in Bloomington, IN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Bloomington, IN residents was 24.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    10.1k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Bloomington, IN residents (10.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bloomington, IN was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bloomington, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Indiana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    106,451 ± 7,946 people

  2. India

    28,953 ± 4,168 people

  3. China

    22,599 ± 3,684 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 106,451 Indiana residents, followed by India with 28,953 and China with 22,599.

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Citizenship

90.9%

2017 Citizenship

90.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.9% of Bloomington, IN residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bloomington, IN was 90.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bloomington, IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    65.5k ± 610

  2. Asian Alone

    8.04k ± 373

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.53k ± 377

In 2017, there were 8.15 times more White Alone residents (65.5k people) in Bloomington, IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.04k Asian Alone and 3.53k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Bloomington, IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Bloomington, IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Bloomington, IN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Bloomington, IN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    729 ± 158

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    531 ± 159

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    282 ± 137

Bloomington, IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Bloomington, IN awarded 11,544 degrees. The student population of Bloomington, IN is skewed towards men, with 24,924 male students and 24,842 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bloomington, IN are White (7,642 and 79.1%), followed by Asian (566 and 5.86%), Hispanic or Latino (463 and 4.79%), and Black or African American (360 and 3.73%).

The largest universities in Bloomington, IN by number of degrees awarded are Indiana University-Bloomington (11,513 and 99.7%) and Tricoci University of Beauty Cuture LLC-Bloomington (31 and 0.269%).

The most popular majors in Bloomington, IN are General Business (2,470 and 21.4%), Public Administration (711 and 6.16%), and Kinesiology & Exercise Science (423 and 3.66%).

The median tuition costs in Bloomington, IN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $9,087 and $32,945 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,409 degrees awarded

  2. 511 degrees awarded

  3. 371 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bloomington, IN was General Business with 1,409 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bloomington, IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 11,513 degrees awarded

  2. 31 degrees awarded

$9,087

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Bloomington, IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indiana University-Bloomington with 11,513 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,886

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,658

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,886 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bloomington, IN, which is 1.04 times more than the 5,658 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bloomington, IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,642 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    566 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    463 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bloomington, IN were to White students. These 7,642 degrees mean that there were 13.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 566 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bloomington, IN was $176,300 in 2017, which is 0.81 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $172,100 to $176,300, a 2.44% increase. The homeownership rate in Bloomington, IN is 34.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bloomington, IN have an average commute time of 15.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bloomington, IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,172

Median Household Income

± $1,409

30.6k

Number of Households

± 1,186

In 2017, the median household income of the 30.6k households in Bloomington, IN grew to $33,172 from the previous year's value of $31,254.

The following chart displays the households in Bloomington, IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$176,300

2017 Median

± $7,501

$172,100

2016 Median

± $6,128

In 2017, the median property value in Bloomington, IN grew to to $176,300 from the previous year's value of $172,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bloomington, IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bloomington, IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bloomington, IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bloomington, IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

34.5%

2017 Homeownership

34.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 34.5% of the housing units in Bloomington, IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 34.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bloomington, IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bloomington, IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bloomington, IN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

15.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bloomington, IN have a shorter commute time (15.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.27% of the workforce in Bloomington, IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bloomington, IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    63.4%

  2. Walked

    12.8%

  3. Carpooled

    8.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bloomington, IN was Drove Alone (63.4%), followed by those who Walked (12.8%) and those who Carpooled (8.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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