Pontiac, MI

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Population

60,039

0.199% growth

Poverty Rate

34.1%


Median Age

32.2


Median Household Income

$31,401

4.14% growth

Number of Employees

24,304

3.52% growth

Median Property Value

$56,300

4.84% growth

About

In 2017, Pontiac, MI had a population of 60k people with a median age of 32.2 and a median household income of $31,401. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Pontiac, MI grew from 59,920 to 60,039, a 0.199% increase and its median household income grew from $30,152 to $31,401, a 4.14% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Pontiac, MI are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (48.4%), White (Non-Hispanic) (26.2%), White (Hispanic) (13.5%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (5.63%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (2.1%). N/A% of the people in Pontiac, MI speak a non-English language, and 93.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Pontiac, MI are Dorsey Business Schools-Waterford Pontiac (120 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Pontiac, MI is $56,300, and the homeownership rate is 41.4%. Most people in Pontiac, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Pontiac, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ariel view of downtown Detroit

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Pontiac, MI employs 24.3k people. The largest industries in Pontiac, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,527 people), Accommodation & Food Services (3,626 people), and Manufacturing (3,384 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($47,788), Utilities ($45,714), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($36,655).

Median household income in Pontiac, MI is $31,401. Males in Pontiac, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Pontiac, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$31,401

2017 value

± $1,602

4.14%

1 Year Growth

± 6.98%

Households in Pontiac, MI have a median annual income of $31,401, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,152 in 2016, which represents a 4.14% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Pontiac, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Pontiac, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1501

  2. Census Tract 1426

  3. Census Tract 1414

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Pontiac, MI was Census Tract 1501 with a value of $70,754, followed by Census Tract 1426 and Census Tract 1414, with respective values of $46,844 and $41,739.

The following map shows all of the places in Pontiac, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Pontiac, MI (19.9k out of 58.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    9,641 ± 846

  2. White

    7,519 ± 690

  3. Hispanic

    3,950 ± 471

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Pontiac, MI is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24.3k

2017 Value

± 1,195

3.52%

1 Year growth

± 6.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Pontiac, MI grew at a rate of 3.52%, from 23.5k employees to 24.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Pontiac, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,301 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,935 people), and Production Occupations (2,862 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Pontiac, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Pontiac, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,301 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2,935 people), and Production Occupations (2,862 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Pontiac, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (2.1 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (2.06 times), and Production Occupations (2.03 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Pontiac, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,875), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($63,261), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,134).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24.3k

2017 Value

± 1,195

3.52%

1 Year growth

± 6.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Pontiac, MI grew at a rate of 3.52%, from 23.5k employees to 24.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Pontiac, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,527 people), Accommodation & Food Services (3,626 people), and Manufacturing (3,384 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Pontiac, MI, though some of these residents may live in Pontiac, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Pontiac, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,527 people), Accommodation & Food Services (3,626 people), and Manufacturing (3,384 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Pontiac, MI has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (1.96 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.89 times), and Manufacturing (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Pontiac, MI, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($47,788), Utilities ($45,714), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($36,655).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $138B

  2. $38.2B

  3. $36.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $138B, followed by Mixed freight ($38.2B) and Machinery ($36.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$480B

2020 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

29.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $480B. This is expected to increase 29.8% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.4B

  2. $27.2B

  3. $21.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.4B, followed by Indiana with $27.2B and Illinois and $21.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.4% of the population of Pontiac, MI has health coverage, with 31.4% on employee plans, 35.9% on Medicaid, 7.91% on Medicare, 9.48% on non-group plans, and 0.695% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Pontiac, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Pontiac, MI see 691 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% increase from the previous year (683 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 943 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Oakland County, MI.

691 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oakland County, MI see an average of 691 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% increase from the previous year (683 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oakland County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.6%

Uninsured

31.4%

Employer Coverage

35.9%

Medicaid

7.91%

Medicare

9.48%

Non-Group

0.695%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Pontiac, MI declined by 7.39% from 15.7% to 14.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Pontiac, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Pontiac, MI is home to a population of 60k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.19% of Pontiac, MI residents were born outside of the country (4.92k people).

In 2017, there were 1.85 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (29.1k people) in Pontiac, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.7k White (Non-Hispanic) and 8.14k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Pontiac, MI was 32.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Pontiac, MI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Pontiac, MI residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.92k people

7.66%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.59k people

As of 2017, 8.19% of Pontiac, MI residents (4.92k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Pontiac, MI was 7.66%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Pontiac, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

93.9%

2017 Citizenship

94.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.9% of Pontiac, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Pontiac, MI was 94.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Pontiac, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Pontiac, MI

  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    29.1k ± 1.32k

  2. White (Non-Hispanic)

    15.7k ± 1.12k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    8.14k ± 805

In 2017, there were 1.85 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (29.1k people) in Pontiac, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.7k White (Non-Hispanic) and 8.14k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Pontiac, MI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    798 ± 159

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    428 ± 181

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    427 ± 151

Pontiac, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Pontiac, MI awarded 120 degrees. The student population of Pontiac, MI is skewed towards women, with 16 male students and 114 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Pontiac, MI are Black or African American (54 and 45%), followed by White (39 and 32.5%), Hispanic or Latino (15 and 12.5%), and Two or More Races (6 and 5%).

The largest universities in Pontiac, MI by number of degrees awarded are Dorsey Business Schools-Waterford Pontiac (120 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Pontiac, MI are Medical Assistant (52 and 43.3%), General Cooking & Related Culinary Arts (37 and 30.8%), and Medical Insurance Specialist (19 and 15.8%).

The median tuition costs in Pontiac, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 52 degrees awarded

  2. 37 degrees awarded

  3. 19 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Pontiac, MI was Medical Assistant with 52 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Pontiac, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

120 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Pontiac, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Dorsey Business Schools-Waterford Pontiac with 120 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

23

Degrees Awarded to Men

97

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 23 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Pontiac, MI, which is 0.237 times less than the 97 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Pontiac, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    54 degrees awarded

  2. White

    39 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    15 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Pontiac, MI were to Black or African American students. These 54 degrees mean that there were 1.38 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 39 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Pontiac, MI was $56,300 in 2017, which is 0.245 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $53,700 to $56,300, a 4.84% increase. The homeownership rate in Pontiac, MI is 41.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Pontiac, MI have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Pontiac, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$56,300

2017 Median

± $2,460

$53,700

2016 Median

± $2,520

In 2017, the median property value in Pontiac, MI grew to to $56,300 from the previous year's value of $53,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Pontiac, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pontiac, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$31,401

Median Household Income

± $1,602

23.3k

Number of Households

± 1,039

In 2017, the median household income of the 23.3k households in Pontiac, MI grew to $31,401 from the previous year's value of $30,152.

The following chart displays the households in Pontiac, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Pontiac, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Pontiac, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

41.4%

2017 Homeownership

43.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 41.4% of the housing units in Pontiac, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 43.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Pontiac, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Pontiac, MI have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.17% of the workforce in Pontiac, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Pontiac, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.5%

  2. Carpooled

    18.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.76%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Pontiac, MI was Drove Alone (74.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (18.7%) and those who Worked At Home (2.76%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Pontiac, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Pontiac, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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