Southfield, MI

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Population

73,228

0.237% growth

Median Age

42.3


Median Household Income

$52,470

4.17% growth

Poverty Rate

13%


Number of Employees

34,397

3.3% growth

Median Property Value

$124,300

9.9% growth

About

In 2017, Southfield, MI had a population of 73.2k people with a median age of 42.3 and a median household income of $52,470. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Southfield, MI grew from 73,055 to 73,228, a 0.237% increase and its median household income grew from $50,371 to $52,470, a 4.17% increase.

The population of Southfield, MI is 69.9% Black or African American Alone, 23.1% White Alone, and 3.12% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Southfield, MI speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Southfield, MI are Lawrence Technological University (903 degrees awarded in 2016), Specs Howard School of Media Arts (394 degrees), and Everest Institute-Southfield (383 degrees).

The median property value in Southfield, MI is $124,300, and the homeownership rate is 48%. Most people in Southfield, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Southfield, MI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ariel view of downtown Detroit

Economy

The economy of Southfield, MI employs 34.4k people. The largest industries in Southfield, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,409 people), Manufacturing (4,988 people), and Retail Trade (3,234 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($73,056), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,378), and Manufacturing ($51,170).

Median household income in Southfield, MI is $52,470. Males in Southfield, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Southfield, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,470

2017 value

± $1,747

4.17%

1 Year Growth

± 4.24%

Households in Southfield, MI have a median annual income of $52,470, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,371 in 2016, which represents a 4.17% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Southfield, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Southfield, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1607

  2. Census Tract 1615

  3. Census Tract 1612

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southfield, MI was Census Tract 1607 with a value of $81,500, followed by Census Tract 1615 and Census Tract 1612, with respective values of $80,052 and $77,019.

The following map shows all of the places in Southfield, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southfield, MI (9.36k out of 71.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    6,168 ± 585

  2. White

    2,355 ± 365

  3. Two Or More

    398 ± 162

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southfield, MI is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

34.4k

2017 Value

± 1,200

3.3%

1 Year growth

± 4.76%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Southfield, MI grew at a rate of 3.3%, from 33.3k employees to 34.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southfield, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,186 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,415 people), and Management Occupations (3,324 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southfield, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Southfield, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,186 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,415 people), and Management Occupations (3,324 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Southfield, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.9 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.74 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Southfield, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,644), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($71,938), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($68,125).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

34.4k

2017 Value

± 1,200

3.3%

1 Year growth

± 4.76%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Southfield, MI grew at a rate of 3.3%, from 33.3k employees to 34.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southfield, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,409 people), Manufacturing (4,988 people), and Retail Trade (3,234 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southfield, MI, though some of these residents may live in Southfield, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Southfield, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,409 people), Manufacturing (4,988 people), and Retail Trade (3,234 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Southfield, MI has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.47 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.43 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Southfield, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($73,056), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($52,378), and Manufacturing ($51,170).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.7% of the population of Southfield, MI has health coverage, with 48.8% on employee plans, 15.7% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 0.684% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Southfield, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Southfield, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.28%

Uninsured

48.8%

Employer Coverage

15.7%

Medicaid

14.4%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

0.684%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southfield, MI declined by 13.3% from 8.4% to 7.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southfield, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Southfield, MI is home to a population of 73.2k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Southfield, MI residents were born outside of the country (5.68k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Southfield, MI is composed of 51.2k Black or African American Alone residents (69.9%), 16.9k White Alone residents (23.1%), 2.29k Two or More Races residents (3.12%), 1.37k Asian Alone residents (1.87%), 1.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.5%), 312 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.426%), 77 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.105%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Southfield, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.3

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Southfield, MI was 42.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Southfield, MI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Southfield, MI residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    5.68k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Southfield, MI residents (5.68k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southfield, MI was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southfield, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.3% of Southfield, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Southfield, MI was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southfield, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    51.2k ± 1.13k

  2. White Alone

    16.9k ± 981

  3. Two or More Races

    2.29k ± 429

In 2017, there were 3.03 times more Black or African American Alone residents (51.2k people) in Southfield, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 16.9k White Alone and 2.29k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Southfield, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Southfield, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Southfield, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Southfield, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,491 ± 184

  2. Korea

    542 ± 138

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    494 ± 143

Southfield, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Southfield, MI awarded 2,405 degrees. The student population of Southfield, MI is skewed towards men, with 3,383 male students and 2,132 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Southfield, MI are White (896 and 44.4%), followed by Black or African American (852 and 42.2%), Unknown (154 and 7.63%), and Hispanic or Latino (41 and 2.03%).

The largest universities in Southfield, MI by number of degrees awarded are Lawrence Technological University (903 and 37.5%), Specs Howard School of Media Arts (394 and 16.4%), and Everest Institute-Southfield (383 and 15.9%).

The most popular majors in Southfield, MI are HVAC & Refrigeration Engineering Technology (284 and 11.8%), General Business Administration & Management (200 and 8.32%), and Radio & Television (168 and 6.99%).

The median tuition costs in Southfield, MI are $30,420 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 168 degrees awarded

  2. 137 degrees awarded

  3. 109 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Southfield, MI was Radio & Television with 168 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Southfield, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 903 degrees awarded

  2. 394 degrees awarded

  3. 383 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$30,420

Median Private

In 2016, the Southfield, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lawrence Technological University with 903 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,326

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,079

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,326 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Southfield, MI, which is 1.23 times more than the 1,079 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Southfield, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    896 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    852 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    154 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Southfield, MI were to White students. These 896 degrees mean that there were 1.05 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 852 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southfield, MI was $124,300 in 2017, which is 0.571 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,100 to $124,300, a 9.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Southfield, MI is 48%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Southfield, MI have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Southfield, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,470

Median Household Income

± $1,747

32.3k

Number of Households

± 1,129

In 2017, the median household income of the 32.3k households in Southfield, MI grew to $52,470 from the previous year's value of $50,371.

The following chart displays the households in Southfield, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$124,300

2017 Median

± $4,127

$113,100

2016 Median

± $2,686

In 2017, the median property value in Southfield, MI grew to to $124,300 from the previous year's value of $113,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Southfield, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southfield, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Southfield, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southfield, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

48%

2017 Homeownership

48.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 48% of the housing units in Southfield, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 48.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Southfield, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southfield, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southfield, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southfield, MI have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.29% of the workforce in Southfield, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southfield, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.6%

  2. Carpooled

    7.75%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.26%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Southfield, MI was Drove Alone (85.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.75%) and those who Worked At Home (3.26%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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