Philadelphia, PA

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Population

1.58M

0.207% growth

Median Age

34.5


Median Household Income

$46,116

16% growth

Poverty Rate

25.8%


Number of Employees

714,190

6.01% growth

Median Property Value

$167,700

0.903% growth

About

In 2018, Philadelphia, PA had a population of 1.58M people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $46,116. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Philadelphia, PA grew from 1.58M to 1.58M, a 0.207% increase and its median household income grew from $39,759 to $46,116, a 16% increase.

The population of Philadelphia, PA is 40.1% Black or African American Alone, 34% White Alone, and 15.2% Hispanic or Latino. 23.9% of the people in Philadelphia, PA speak a non-English language, and 92.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Philadelphia, PA are Temple University (9,383 degrees awarded in 2017), University of Pennsylvania (9,234 degrees), and Drexel University (7,679 degrees).

The median property value in Philadelphia, PA is $167,700, and the homeownership rate is 52.7%. Most people in Philadelphia, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 33 minutes. The average car ownership in Philadelphia, PA is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Philadelphia, PA employs 714k people. The largest industries in Philadelphia, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (150,971 people), Educational Services (73,641 people), and Retail Trade (65,473 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($61,434), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,145), and Utilities ($56,772).

Median household income in Philadelphia, PA is $46,116. Males in Philadelphia, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in Philadelphia, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,116

2018 value

± $1,224

16%

1 Year Growth

± 3.77%

Households in Philadelphia, PA have a median annual income of $46,116, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,759 in 2017, which represents a 16% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Philadelphia, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Philadelphia, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 231

  2. Census Tract 386

  3. Census Tract 387

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Philadelphia, PA was Census Tract 231 with a value of $149,211, followed by Census Tract 386 and Census Tract 387, with respective values of $148,438 and $137,500.

The following map shows all of the places in Philadelphia, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Philadelphia, PA (394k out of 1.53M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    196,990 ± 3,361

  2. White

    118,649 ± 2,723

  3. Hispanic

    86,690 ± 2,229

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Philadelphia, PA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

714k

2018 Value

± 16,245

6.01%

1 Year growth

± 3.1%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Philadelphia, PA grew at a rate of 6.01%, from 674k employees to 714k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Philadelphia, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (85,916 people), Management Occupations (58,604 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (54,900 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Philadelphia, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Philadelphia, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (85,916 people), Management Occupations (58,604 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (54,900 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Philadelphia, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.03 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.66 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Philadelphia, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($76,759), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($71,368), and Management Occupations ($67,603).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

714k

2018 Value

± 16,245

6.01%

1 Year growth

± 3.1%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Philadelphia, PA grew at a rate of 6.01%, from 674k employees to 714k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Philadelphia, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (150,971 people), Educational Services (73,641 people), and Retail Trade (65,473 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Philadelphia, PA, though some of these residents may live in Philadelphia, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Philadelphia, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (150,971 people), Educational Services (73,641 people), and Retail Trade (65,473 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Philadelphia, PA has an unusually high number of Health Care & Social Assistance (1.52 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.24 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Philadelphia, PA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($61,434), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,145), and Utilities ($56,772).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.9% of the population of Philadelphia, PA has health coverage, with 40.4% on employee plans, 29.6% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 0.59% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Philadelphia, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Philadelphia, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.06%

Uninsured

40.4%

Employer Coverage

29.6%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

10.3%

Non-Group

0.59%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Philadelphia, PA declined by 19.2% from 8.74% to 7.06%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Philadelphia, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Philadelphia, PA is home to a population of 1.58M people, from which 92.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.3% of Philadelphia, PA residents were born outside of the country (210k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Philadelphia, PA is composed of 636k Black or African American Alone residents (40.1%), 539k White Alone residents (34%), 240k Hispanic or Latino residents (15.2%), 116k Asian Alone residents (7.34%), 44k Two or More Races residents (2.78%), 4.95k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.312%), 3.24k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.204%), and 496 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0313%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Philadelphia, PA are Spanish (166,348 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (31,410 speakers), and Vietnamese (12,974 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Philadelphia, PA was 34.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Philadelphia, PA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Philadelphia, PA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

210k people

13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

204k people

As of 2017, 13.3% of Philadelphia, PA residents (210k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Philadelphia, PA was 13%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Philadelphia, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

92.8%

2018 Citizenship

93.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 92.8% of Philadelphia, PA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Philadelphia, PA was 93.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Philadelphia, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    636k ± 5.46k

  2. White Alone

    539k ± 2.17k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    240k ± 13.3k

In 2018, there were 1.18 times more Black or African American Alone residents (636k people) in Philadelphia, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 539k White Alone and 240k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Philadelphia, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    166,348 speakers (11.2%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    31,410 speakers (2.12%)

  3. Vietnamese

    12,974 speakers (0.877%)

23.9% of Philadelphia, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Philadelphia, PA was Spanish. 11.2% of the overall population of Philadelphia, PA are native Spanish speakers. 2.12% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.877% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    22,358 ± 2,678

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,529 ± 2,069

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,488 ± 1,807

Philadelphia, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Philadelphia, PA awarded 41,499 degrees. The student population of Philadelphia, PA is skewed towards women, with 62,513 male students and 84,221 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Philadelphia, PA are White (21,254 and 57.3%), followed by Black or African American (5,366 and 14.5%), Asian (4,342 and 11.7%), and Hispanic or Latino (2,613 and 7.05%).

The largest universities in Philadelphia, PA by number of degrees awarded are Temple University (9,383 and 22.6%), University of Pennsylvania (9,234 and 22.3%), and Drexel University (7,679 and 18.5%).

The most popular majors in Philadelphia, PA are Registered Nursing (1,754 and 4.23%), General Finance (1,623 and 3.91%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,386 and 3.34%).

The median tuition costs in Philadelphia, PA are $36,903 for private four year colleges, and $15,768 and $27,528 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,118 degrees awarded

  2. 766 degrees awarded

  3. 1,191 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Philadelphia, PA was General Finance with 1,118 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Philadelphia, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,383 degrees awarded

  2. 9,234 degrees awarded

  3. 7,679 degrees awarded

$15,768

Median In-State Public

$36,903

Median Private

In 2017, the Philadelphia, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Temple University with 9,383 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

17,606

Degrees Awarded to Men

23,893

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 17,606 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Philadelphia, PA, which is 0.737 times less than the 23,893 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Philadelphia, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    21,254 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    5,366 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    4,342 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Philadelphia, PA were to White students. These 21,254 degrees mean that there were 3.96 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5,366 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Philadelphia, PA was $167,700 in 2018, which is 0.73 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $166,200 to $167,700, a 0.903% increase. The homeownership rate in Philadelphia, PA is 52.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Philadelphia, PA have an average commute time of 33 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Philadelphia, PA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$167,700

2018 Median

± $3,790

$166,200

2017 Median

± $3,549

In 2018, the median property value in Philadelphia, PA grew to to $167,700 from the previous year's value of $166,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Philadelphia, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Philadelphia, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,116

Median Household Income

± $1,224

608k

Number of Households

± 13,662

In 2018, the median household income of the 608k households in Philadelphia, PA grew to $46,116 from the previous year's value of $39,759.

The following chart displays the households in Philadelphia, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Philadelphia, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Philadelphia, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

52.7%

2018 Homeownership

49%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 52.7% of the housing units in Philadelphia, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 49%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Philadelphia, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

33 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Philadelphia, PA have a longer commute time (33 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.7% of the workforce in Philadelphia, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Philadelphia, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    49.5%

  2. Public Transit

    26.4%

  3. Walked

    8.5%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Philadelphia, PA was Drove Alone (49.5%), followed by those who Public Transit (26.4%) and those who Walked (8.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Philadelphia, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Philadelphia, PA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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