Sumter, SC

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Population

40,286

1.16% decline

Median Age

33.7


Median Household Income

$38,562

0.0623% growth

Poverty Rate

20.8%


Number of Employees

15,311

1.54% decline

Median Property Value

$141,000

5.15% growth

About

In 2017, Sumter, SC had a population of 40.3k people with a median age of 33.7 and a median household income of $38,562. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Sumter, SC declined from 40,760 to 40,286, a -1.16% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,538 to $38,562, a 0.0623% increase.

The population of Sumter, SC is 48.9% Black or African American Alone, 42.3% White Alone, and 4.5% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Sumter, SC speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Sumter, SC are Central Carolina Technical College (614 degrees awarded in 2017), University of South Carolina-Sumter (112 degrees), and Morris College (111 degrees).

The median property value in Sumter, SC is $141,000, and the homeownership rate is 52.5%. Most people in Sumter, SC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19 minutes. The average car ownership in Sumter, SC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunset on Hilton Head Island

Economy

The economy of Sumter, SC employs 15.3k people. The largest industries in Sumter, SC are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,403 people), Manufacturing (2,315 people), and Retail Trade (1,652 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($59,469), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($57,906), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,673).

Median household income in Sumter, SC is $38,562. Males in Sumter, SC have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,985. The income inequality in Sumter, SC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,562

2017 value

± $2,109

0.0623%

1 Year Growth

± 7.98%

Households in Sumter, SC have a median annual income of $38,562, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,538 in 2016, which represents a 0.0623% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Sumter, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

$56,080

Average Male Salary

± $1,419

$40,985

Average Female Salary

± $1,018

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Carolina made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,597 ± $53,271

  2. Asian

    $47,877 ± $7,789

  3. White

    $47,332 ± $1,044

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Carolina workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sumter, SC is from South Carolina.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.456

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Carolina was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.695% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 17.01

  2. Census Tract 9.02

  3. Census Tract 17.04

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sumter, SC was Census Tract 17.01 with a value of $73,824, followed by Census Tract 9.02 and Census Tract 17.04, with respective values of $62,431 and $59,576.

The following map shows all of the places in Sumter, SC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sumter, SC (8.09k out of 38.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    5,834 ± 522

  2. White

    1,587 ± 282

  3. Hispanic

    605 ± 205

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sumter, SC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

15.3k

2017 Value

± 873

-1.54%

1 Year decline

± 8.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter, SC declined at a rate of -1.54%, from 15.6k employees to 15.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sumter, SC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,188 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,719 people), and Production Occupations (1,706 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sumter, SC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sumter, SC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,188 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,719 people), and Production Occupations (1,706 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Sumter, SC has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.92 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.5 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sumter, SC, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($74,107), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($65,966), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,206).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

15.3k

2017 Value

± 873

-1.54%

1 Year decline

± 8.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Sumter, SC declined at a rate of -1.54%, from 15.6k employees to 15.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sumter, SC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,403 people), Manufacturing (2,315 people), and Retail Trade (1,652 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sumter, SC, though some of these residents may live in Sumter, SC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sumter, SC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,403 people), Manufacturing (2,315 people), and Retail Trade (1,652 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Sumter, SC has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.91 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.49 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sumter, SC, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($59,469), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($57,906), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,673).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.8B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $12.6B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina product (by dollars) was Plastics/rubber with $17.8B, followed by Machinery ($17.1B) and Electronics ($12.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Carolina state.

$178B

2020 Value

$244B

Projected 2045 Value

37% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Carolina trade was $178B. This is expected to increase 37% to $244B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24.2B

  2. $14.4B

  3. $6.22B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $24.2B, followed by Georgia with $14.4B and Tennessee and $6.22B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88% of the population of Sumter, SC has health coverage, with 29.9% on employee plans, 22.1% on Medicaid, 7.89% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 10.8% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Sumter, SC was $7,311 in 2014. This is a 4.15% increase from the previous year ($7,020).

Primary care physicians in Sumter, SC see 1483 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1488 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1891 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 639 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.1%). Additionally, Lee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

1,483 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Carolina see an average of 1,483 patients per year. This represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1,488 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

$7,311

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,235

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,491

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,298

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.15%, from $7,020 to $7,311.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12%

Uninsured

29.9%

Employer Coverage

22.1%

Medicaid

7.89%

Medicare

17.4%

Non-Group

10.8%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sumter, SC declined by 3.36% from 12.4% to 12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sumter, SC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 20.1% prevalence

  2. 19.6% prevalence

  3. 18.7% prevalence

Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina, at 20.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Sumter, SC is home to a population of 40.3k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.01% of Sumter, SC residents were born outside of the country (1.62k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Sumter, SC is composed of 19.7k Black or African American Alone residents (48.9%), 17k White Alone residents (42.3%), 1.81k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.5%), 955 Two or More Races residents (2.37%), 682 Asian Alone residents (1.69%), 76 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.189%), 38 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0943%), and 7 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0174%).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.6

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Sumter, SC was 33.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Sumter, SC are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Sumter, SC residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.01%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.62k people

3.79%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.55k people

As of 2017, 4.01% of Sumter, SC residents (1.62k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sumter, SC was 3.79%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sumter, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    68,828 ± 6,396 people

  2. India

    11,778 ± 2,661 people

  3. Philippines

    9,880 ± 2,438 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 68,828 South Carolina residents, followed by India with 11,778 and Philippines with 9,880.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Sumter, SC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Sumter, SC was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sumter, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    19.7k ± 910

  2. White Alone

    17k ± 753

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.81k ± 479

In 2017, there were 1.16 times more Black or African American Alone residents (19.7k people) in Sumter, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17k White Alone and 1.81k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Sumter, SC as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,782 ± 356

  2. Vietnam

    825 ± 185

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    581 ± 182

Sumter, SC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 2.16 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Sumter, SC awarded 852 degrees. The student population of Sumter, SC is skewed towards women, with 1,977 male students and 3,513 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Sumter, SC are White (431 and 50.6%), followed by Black or African American (358 and 42%), Unknown (30 and 3.52%), and Hispanic or Latino (13 and 1.53%).

The largest universities in Sumter, SC by number of degrees awarded are Central Carolina Technical College (614 and 72.1%), University of South Carolina-Sumter (112 and 13.1%), and Morris College (111 and 13%).

The most popular majors in Sumter, SC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (196 and 23%), Registered Nursing (83 and 9.74%), and Other Electromechanical, Instrumentation, & Maintenance Technology (50 and 5.87%).

The median tuition costs in Sumter, SC are $12,100 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 189 degrees awarded

  2. 83 degrees awarded

  3. 33 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Sumter, SC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 189 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Sumter, SC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 614 degrees awarded

  2. 112 degrees awarded

  3. 111 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$12,100

Median Private

In 2017, the Sumter, SC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Central Carolina Technical College with 614 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

324

Degrees Awarded to Men

528

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 324 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Sumter, SC, which is 0.614 times less than the 528 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Sumter, SC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    431 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    358 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    30 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Sumter, SC were to White students. These 431 degrees mean that there were 1.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 358 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sumter, SC was $141,000 in 2017, which is 0.614 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $134,100 to $141,000, a 5.15% increase. The homeownership rate in Sumter, SC is 52.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Sumter, SC have an average commute time of 19 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Sumter, SC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$141,000

2017 Median

± $5,548

$134,100

2016 Median

± $6,731

In 2017, the median property value in Sumter, SC grew to to $141,000 from the previous year's value of $134,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sumter, SC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter, SC the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$38,562

Median Household Income

± $2,109

16.2k

Number of Households

± 844

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.2k households in Sumter, SC grew to $38,562 from the previous year's value of $38,538.

The following chart displays the households in Sumter, SC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sumter, SC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sumter, SC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

52.5%

2017 Homeownership

53.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 52.5% of the housing units in Sumter, SC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 53.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sumter, SC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sumter, SC have a shorter commute time (19 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.45% of the workforce in Sumter, SC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sumter, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.3%

  2. Carpooled

    11.5%

  3. Walked

    3.01%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Sumter, SC was Drove Alone (82.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.5%) and those who Walked (3.01%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sumter, SC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sumter, SC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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