Union, SC

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Population

7,926

1.92% decline

Median Age

38.3


Median Household Income

$28,087

4.58% growth

Poverty Rate

30.4%


Number of Employees

2,906

0.853% decline

Median Property Value

$76,500

1.42% decline

About

In 2017, Union, SC had a population of 7.93k people with a median age of 38.3 and a median household income of $28,087. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Union, SC declined from 8,081 to 7,926, a -1.92% decrease and its median household income grew from $26,858 to $28,087, a 4.58% increase.

The population of Union, SC is 49.1% White Alone, 46.7% Black or African American Alone, and 2.42% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Union, SC speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union, SC are University of South Carolina-Union (50 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Union, SC is $76,500, and the homeownership rate is 51.1%. Most people in Union, SC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Union, SC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: One Morgan Square in Downtown Spartanburg

Economy

The economy of Union, SC employs 2.91k people. The largest industries in Union, SC are Manufacturing (662 people), Retail Trade (572 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (352 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($41,250), Educational Services ($41,005), and Public Administration ($37,241).

Median household income in Union, SC is $28,087. Males in Union, SC have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,985. The income inequality in Union, SC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$28,087

2017 value

± $5,136

4.58%

1 Year Growth

± 24.5%

Households in Union, SC have a median annual income of $28,087, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $26,858 in 2016, which represents a 4.58% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Union, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

$56,080

Average Male Salary

± $1,419

$40,985

Average Female Salary

± $1,018

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Carolina made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,597 ± $53,271

  2. Asian

    $47,877 ± $7,789

  3. White

    $47,332 ± $1,044

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Carolina workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union, SC is from South Carolina.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.456

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Carolina was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.695% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 305

  2. Census Tract 301

  3. Census Tract 302

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union, SC was Census Tract 305 with a value of $48,141, followed by Census Tract 301 and Census Tract 302, with respective values of $32,174 and $26,611.

The following map shows all of the places in Union, SC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

30.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union, SC (2.38k out of 7.81k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males < 5 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    1,471 ± 251

  2. White

    781 ± 177

  3. Two Or More

    124 ± 108

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union, SC is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.91k

2017 Value

± 320

-0.853%

1 Year decline

± 15.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union, SC declined at a rate of -0.853%, from 2.93k employees to 2.91k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union, SC, are Production Occupations (497 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (354 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (294 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union, SC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Union, SC, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (497 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (354 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (294 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Union, SC has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (3.5 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.95 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Union, SC, by median earnings, are Community & Social Service Occupations ($60,304), Management Occupations ($59,063), and Protective Service Occupations ($45,350).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.91k

2017 Value

± 320

-0.853%

1 Year decline

± 15.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Union, SC declined at a rate of -0.853%, from 2.93k employees to 2.91k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union, SC, are Manufacturing (662 people), Retail Trade (572 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (352 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union, SC, though some of these residents may live in Union, SC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Union, SC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (662 people), Retail Trade (572 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (352 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Union, SC has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.25 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.72 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.17 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Union, SC, by median earnings, are Information ($41,250), Educational Services ($41,005), and Public Administration ($37,241).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $15.9B

  2. $15.2B

  3. $11.7B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina product (by dollars) was Plastics/rubber with $15.9B, followed by Machinery ($15.2B) and Mixed freight ($11.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Carolina state.

$163B

2015 Value

$244B

Projected 2045 Value

49.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Carolina trade was $163B. This is expected to increase 49.4% to $244B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.2B

  2. $13.4B

  3. $5.71B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $22.2B, followed by Georgia with $13.4B and Tennessee and $5.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.6% of the population of Union, SC has health coverage, with 33.5% on employee plans, 32% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 9.19% on non-group plans, and 1.89% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Union, SC was $7,311 in 2014. This is a 4.15% increase from the previous year ($7,020).

Primary care physicians in Union, SC see 1483 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1488 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1891 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 639 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.1%). Additionally, Lee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

1,483 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Carolina see an average of 1,483 patients per year. This represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1,488 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

$7,311

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,235

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,491

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,298

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.15%, from $7,020 to $7,311.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.38%

Uninsured

33.5%

Employer Coverage

32%

Medicaid

14%

Medicare

9.19%

Non-Group

1.89%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union, SC declined by 11.5% from 10.6% to 9.38%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union, SC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 20.1% prevalence

  2. 19.6% prevalence

  3. 18.7% prevalence

Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina, at 20.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Union, SC is home to a population of 7.93k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Union, SC residents were born outside of the country (89 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Union, SC is composed of 3.9k White Alone residents (49.1%), 3.7k Black or African American Alone residents (46.7%), 192 Two or More Races residents (2.42%), 127 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.6%), 9 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.114%), 0 Asian Alone residents (0%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Union, SC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 3.2

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Union, SC was 38.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Union, SC are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Union, SC residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    89 people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Union, SC residents (89 people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union, SC was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    68,828 ± 6,396 people

  2. India

    11,778 ± 2,661 people

  3. Philippines

    9,880 ± 2,438 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 68,828 South Carolina residents, followed by India with 11,778 and Philippines with 9,880.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Union, SC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Union, SC was 99.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    3.9k ± 335

  2. Black or African American Alone

    3.7k ± 304

  3. Two or More Races

    192 ± 88.6

In 2017, there were 1.05 times more White Alone residents (3.9k people) in Union, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.7k Black or African American Alone and 192 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Union, SC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Union, SC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Union, SC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Union, SC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    111 ± 50

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    88 ± 65

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    54 ± 36

Union, SC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Union, SC awarded 50 degrees. The student population of Union, SC is skewed towards women, with 344 male students and 495 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union, SC are White (24 and 48%), followed by Black or African American (16 and 32%), Unknown (8 and 16%), and Two or More Races (2 and 4%).

The largest universities in Union, SC by number of degrees awarded are University of South Carolina-Union (50 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union, SC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (50 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Union, SC are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 50 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Union, SC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 50 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Union, SC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

50 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Union, SC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Carolina-Union with 50 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

21

Degrees Awarded to Men

29

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 21 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union, SC, which is 0.724 times less than the 29 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Union, SC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    24 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    16 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    8 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Union, SC were to White students. These 24 degrees mean that there were 1.5 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 16 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union, SC was $76,500 in 2017, which is 0.352 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,600 to $76,500, a 1.42% decrease. The homeownership rate in Union, SC is 51.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Union, SC have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Union, SC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$28,087

Median Household Income

± $5,136

3.42k

Number of Households

± 353

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.42k households in Union, SC grew to $28,087 from the previous year's value of $26,858.

The following chart displays the households in Union, SC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$76,500

2017 Median

± $8,153

$77,600

2016 Median

± $7,091

In 2017, the median property value in Union, SC declined from to $76,500 from the previous year's value of $77,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Union, SC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union, SC the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Union, SC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union, SC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

51.1%

2017 Homeownership

51.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.1% of the housing units in Union, SC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Union, SC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union, SC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union, SC have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union, SC have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.849% of the workforce in Union, SC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.39%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Union, SC was Drove Alone (88.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.39%) and those who Worked At Home (1.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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