Columbia County PUMA, GA

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Population

143,723

2.73% growth

Median Age

36.4


Median Household Income

$74,162

3.06% growth

Poverty Rate

8.58%


Number of Employees

63,554

2.75% growth

Median Property Value

$183,800

4.2% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia County PUMA, GA had a population of 144k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $74,162. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia County PUMA, GA grew from 139,904 to 143,723, a 2.73% increase and its median household income grew from $71,962 to $74,162, a 3.06% increase.

The population of Columbia County PUMA, GA is 70.1% White Alone, 16.3% Black or African American Alone, and 6.23% Hispanic or Latino. 9.4% of the people in Columbia County PUMA, GA speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia County PUMA, GA are Augusta School of Massage (28 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Columbia County PUMA, GA is $183,800, and the homeownership rate is 78.5%. Most people in Columbia County PUMA, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County PUMA, GA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbia County PUMA, GA employs 63.6k people. The largest industries in Columbia County PUMA, GA are Construction (4,605 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,525 people), and Hospitals (4,507 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of optometrists ($200,361), Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. ($156,624), and Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($120,054).

Median household income in Columbia County PUMA, GA is $74,162. Males in Columbia County PUMA, GA have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,026. The income inequality in Columbia County PUMA, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$74,162

2017 value

± $1,661

3.06%

1 Year Growth

± 3.67%

Households in Columbia County PUMA, GA have a median annual income of $74,162, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,962 in 2016, which represents a 3.06% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia County PUMA, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$70,609

Average Male Salary

± $9,100

$49,026

Average Female Salary

± $6,684

In 2017, full-time male employees in Columbia County PUMA, GA made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia County PUMA, GA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,706 ± $38,208

  2. White

    $55,103 ± $6,591

  3. Two or More Races

    $48,097 ± $20,685

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia County PUMA, GA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia County PUMA, GA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.454

2017 Wage GINI

0.45

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Columbia County PUMA, GA was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.971% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Columbia County PUMA, GA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Columbia County PUMA, GA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Columbia County PUMA, GA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County PUMA, GA was Cobb County (Northeast) PUMA, GA with a value of $115,733, followed by Fulton County (Northeast)Johns Creek City PUMA, GA and Forsyth County PUMA, GA, with respective values of $112,433 and $102,084.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Columbia County PUMA, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.58% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County PUMA, GA (12.3k out of 143k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,879 ± 809

  2. Black

    3,190 ± 564

  3. Hispanic

    1,268 ± 313

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County PUMA, GA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

63.6k

2017 Value

2.75%

1 Year growth

± 2.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County PUMA, GA grew at a rate of 2.75%, from 61.9k employees to 63.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County PUMA, GA, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,130 people), Retail salespersons (2,041 people), and Miscellaneous managers (1,998 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County PUMA, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County PUMA, GA, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,130 people), Retail salespersons (2,041 people), and Miscellaneous managers (1,998 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Columbia County PUMA, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Firstline enlisted military supervisors (16.5 times higher than expected), Military, rank not specified (14.1 times), and Military officer special & tactical operations leaders (12.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County PUMA, GA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($215,971), Chief executives & legislators ($171,306), and Dentists ($162,630).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

63.6k

2017 Value

2.75%

1 Year growth

± 2.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County PUMA, GA grew at a rate of 2.75%, from 61.9k employees to 63.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County PUMA, GA, are Construction (4,605 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,525 people), and Hospitals (4,507 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County PUMA, GA, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County PUMA, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County PUMA, GA, by number of employees, are Construction (4,605 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,525 people), and Hospitals (4,507 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Columbia County PUMA, GA has an unusually high number of Other transportation equipment manufacturing (21.3 times higher than expected), U. S. Armed Forces: Branch Not Specified (18.8 times), and U. S. Army (14.5 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County PUMA, GA, by average salary, are Offices of optometrists ($200,361), Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. ($156,624), and Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($120,054).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $38B

  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($38B) and Electronics ($30.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$430B

2015 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.4B

  2. $25.3B

  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of Columbia County PUMA, GA has health coverage, with 50.8% on employee plans, 6.82% on Medicaid, 7.14% on Medicare, 16.9% on non-group plans, and 9.6% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Columbia County PUMA, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County PUMA, GA see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1526 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1984 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 829 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Georgia see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1,526 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Georgia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.79%

Uninsured

50.8%

Employer Coverage

6.82%

Medicaid

7.14%

Medicare

16.9%

Non-Group

9.6%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County PUMA, GA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 8.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County PUMA, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia County PUMA, GA is home to a population of 144k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Columbia County PUMA, GA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia County PUMA, GA is composed of 101k White Alone residents (70.1%), 23.4k Black or African American Alone residents (16.3%), 8.95k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.23%), 5.74k Asian Alone residents (3.99%), 3.92k Two or More Races residents (2.73%), 537 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.374%), 327 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.228%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia County PUMA, GA are Spanish (5,202 speakers), Korean (1,270 speakers), and German (845 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia County PUMA, GA was 36.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Columbia County PUMA, GA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia County PUMA, GA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

6.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

9.75k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Columbia County PUMA, GA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County PUMA, GA was 6.97%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County PUMA, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    1,308 ± 884 people

  2. Korea

    1,238 ± 860 people

  3. India

    961 ± 759 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia County PUMA, GA was Mexico, the natal country of 1,308 Columbia County PUMA, GA residents, followed by Korea with 1,238 and India with 961.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of Columbia County PUMA, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County PUMA, GA was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County PUMA, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    101k ± 204

  2. Black or African American Alone

    23.4k ± 640

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8.95k ± 828

In 2017, there were 4.3 times more White Alone residents (101k people) in Columbia County PUMA, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.4k Black or African American Alone and 8.95k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia County PUMA, GA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    5,202 speakers (3.87%)

  2. Korean

    1,270 speakers (0.944%)

  3. German

    845 speakers (0.628%)

9.4% of Columbia County PUMA, GA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia County PUMA, GA was Spanish. 3.87% of the overall population of Columbia County PUMA, GA are native Spanish speakers. 0.944% speak Korean and 0.628% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,561 ± 727

  2. Vietnam

    4,132 ± 418

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,683 ± 594

Columbia County PUMA, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbia County PUMA, GA awarded 28 degrees. The student population of Columbia County PUMA, GA is skewed towards women, with 4 male students and 24 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia County PUMA, GA are White (17 and 60.7%), followed by Black or African American (8 and 28.6%), Asian (2 and 7.14%), and Hispanic or Latino (1 and 3.57%).

The largest universities in Columbia County PUMA, GA by number of degrees awarded are Augusta School of Massage (28 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia County PUMA, GA are Massage Therapy (28 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia County PUMA, GA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 28 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Columbia County PUMA, GA was Massage Therapy with 28 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Columbia County PUMA, GA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

28 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbia County PUMA, GA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Augusta School of Massage with 28 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3

Degrees Awarded to Men

25

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia County PUMA, GA, which is 0.12 times less than the 25 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbia County PUMA, GA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    17 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    8 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    2 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia County PUMA, GA were to White students. These 17 degrees mean that there were 2.13 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 8 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County PUMA, GA was $183,800 in 2017, which is 0.845 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $176,400 to $183,800, a 4.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County PUMA, GA is 78.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia County PUMA, GA have an average commute time of 24.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia County PUMA, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$74,162

Median Household Income

± $1,661

45.8k

Number of Households

± 1,678

In 2017, the median household income of the 45.8k households in Columbia County PUMA, GA grew to $74,162 from the previous year's value of $71,962.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County PUMA, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$183,800

2017 Median

± $4,027

$176,400

2016 Median

± $5,005

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia County PUMA, GA grew to to $183,800 from the previous year's value of $176,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County PUMA, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County PUMA, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County PUMA, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County PUMA, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.5%

2017 Homeownership

77.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.5% of the housing units in Columbia County PUMA, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County PUMA, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County PUMA, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County PUMA, GA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County PUMA, GA have a shorter commute time (24.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.22% of the workforce in Columbia County PUMA, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County PUMA, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.37%

  3. Worked At Home

    3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia County PUMA, GA was Drove Alone (86.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.37%) and those who Worked At Home (3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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