Jackson County PUMA, MI

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Population

158,989

0.31% decline

Median Age

41


Median Household Income

$49,715

4.2% growth

Number of Employees

64,468

2.21% growth

Median Property Value

$120,100

3.8% growth

About

In 2017, Jackson County PUMA, MI had a population of 159k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $49,715. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson County PUMA, MI declined from 159,483 to 158,989, a -0.31% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,709 to $49,715, a 4.2% increase.

The population of Jackson County PUMA, MI is 85% White Alone, 8.22% Black or African American Alone, and 3.4% Hispanic or Latino. 3.04% of the people in Jackson County PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Spring Arbor University (1,086 degrees awarded in 2016), Jackson College (771 degrees), and Career Quest Learning Centers-Jackson (108 degrees).

The median property value in Jackson County PUMA, MI is $120,100, and the homeownership rate is 73.2%. Most people in Jackson County PUMA, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County PUMA, MI is N/A per household.

Economy

The economy of Jackson County PUMA, MI employs 64.5k people. The largest industries in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (4,223 people), Hospitals (4,011 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,520 people), and the highest paying industries are Nondepository credit & related activities ($156,721), Legal services ($113,250), and Electric & gas, and other combinations ($111,086).

Median household income in Jackson County PUMA, MI is $49,715. Males in Jackson County PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,927. The income inequality in Jackson County PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.424, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,715

2017 value

± $1,516

4.2%

1 Year Growth

± 4.25%

Households in Jackson County PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $49,715, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,709 in 2016, which represents a 4.2% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson County PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$56,010

Average Male Salary

± $6,636

$42,927

Average Female Salary

± $4,951

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jackson County PUMA, MI made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $48,478 ± $49,036

  2. White

    $42,893 ± $3,954

  3. Two or More Races

    $39,101 ± $42,860

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jackson County PUMA, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jackson County PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.424

2017 Wage GINI

0.428

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 0.424 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.838% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Jackson County PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Jackson County PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Jackson County PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $112,116, followed by Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI and Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI, with respective values of $95,855 and $94,911.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Jackson County PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County PUMA, MI (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County PUMA, MI is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

64.5k

2017 Value

2.21%

1 Year growth

± 2.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2.21%, from 63.1k employees to 64.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County PUMA, MI, are Cashiers (1,710 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,693 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,674 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,710 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (1,693 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,674 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Jackson County PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Tool & die makers (9.77 times higher than expected), Computer control programmers & operators (4.7 times), and Miscellaneous metal workers & plastic workers, including multiple machine tool setters (4.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($178,180), Physicians & surgeons ($176,592), and Chief executives & legislators ($137,493).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

64.5k

2017 Value

2.21%

1 Year growth

± 2.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 2.21%, from 63.1k employees to 64.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,223 people), Hospitals (4,011 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,520 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson County PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,223 people), Hospitals (4,011 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,520 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Jackson County PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Coating, engraving, heat treating & allied activities (10.2 times higher than expected), Metalworking machinery manufacturing (10 times), and Machine shops; turned product; screw, nut & bolt manufacturing (8.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson County PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Nondepository credit & related activities ($156,721), Legal services ($113,250), and Electric & gas, and other combinations ($111,086).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.5% of the population of Jackson County PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 47.3% on employee plans, 18.3% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.03% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Jackson County PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Jackson County PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.47%

Uninsured

47.3%

Employer Coverage

18.3%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.03%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County PUMA, MI stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 8.47%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson County PUMA, MI is home to a population of 159k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Jackson County PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson County PUMA, MI is composed of 135k White Alone residents (85%), 13.1k Black or African American Alone residents (8.22%), 5.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.4%), 3.6k Two or More Races residents (2.26%), 1.18k Asian Alone residents (0.741%), 507 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.319%), 88 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0553%), and 40 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0252%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jackson County PUMA, MI are Spanish (2,344 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (310 speakers), and German (234 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 41. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Jackson County PUMA, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson County PUMA, MI residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

1.56%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.49k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Jackson County PUMA, MI residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 1.56%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    465 ± 529 people

  2. India

    284 ± 413 people

  3. Canada

    187 ± 336 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jackson County PUMA, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 465 Jackson County PUMA, MI residents, followed by India with 284 and Canada with 187.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Jackson County PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County PUMA, MI was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    135k ± 54

  2. Black or African American Alone

    13.1k ± 435

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.4k ± 400

In 2017, there were 10.3 times more White Alone residents (135k people) in Jackson County PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.1k Black or African American Alone and 5.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson County PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,344 speakers (1.56%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    310 speakers (0.207%)

  3. German

    234 speakers (0.156%)

3.04% of Jackson County PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.56% of the overall population of Jackson County PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.207% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.156% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Jackson County PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI awarded 1,965 degrees. The student population of Jackson County PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 3,307 male students and 5,597 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI are White (1,528 and 78%), followed by Black or African American (157 and 8.01%), Unknown (139 and 7.1%), and Hispanic or Latino (63 and 3.22%).

The largest universities in Jackson County PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Spring Arbor University (1,086 and 55.3%), Jackson College (771 and 39.2%), and Career Quest Learning Centers-Jackson (108 and 5.5%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County PUMA, MI are General Business Administration & Management (199 and 10.1%), Other Registered Nursing, Nursing Administration, Nursing Research, & Clinical Nursing (164 and 8.35%), and Social Work (164 and 8.35%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County PUMA, MI are $26,130 for private four year colleges, and $4,680 and $6,480 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Social Work with 100 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jackson County PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,086 degrees awarded

  2. 771 degrees awarded

  3. 108 degrees awarded

$4,680

Median In-State Public

$26,130

Median Private

In 2016, the Jackson County PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Spring Arbor University with 1,086 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

634

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,331

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 634 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County PUMA, MI, which is 0.476 times less than the 1,331 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson County PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,528 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    157 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    139 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson County PUMA, MI were to White students. These 1,528 degrees mean that there were 9.73 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 157 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County PUMA, MI was $120,100 in 2017, which is 0.552 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $115,700 to $120,100, a 3.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County PUMA, MI is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson County PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson County PUMA, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,715

Median Household Income

± $1,516

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew to $49,715 from the previous year's value of $47,709.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,100

2017 Median

± $2,669

$115,700

2016 Median

± $2,516

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson County PUMA, MI grew to to $120,100 from the previous year's value of $115,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%

2017 Homeownership

72.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.2% of the housing units in Jackson County PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson County PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County PUMA, MI have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Jackson County PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.35%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.42%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson County PUMA, MI was Drove Alone (83.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.35%) and those who Worked At Home (3.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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