Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY

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Population

150,836

0.0371% growth

Median Age

42.9


Median Household Income

$51,864

3.47% growth

Poverty Rate

11.3%


Number of Employees

73,784

0.732% growth

Median Property Value

$112,900

3.86% growth

About

In 2017, Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY had a population of 151k people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $51,864. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew from 150,780 to 150,836, a 0.0371% increase and its median household income grew from $50,125 to $51,864, a 3.47% increase.

The population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is 86% White Alone, 7.27% Black or African American Alone, and 3.22% Hispanic or Latino. 7.48% of the people in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Erie 1 BOCES (303 degrees awarded in 2016), Continental School of Beauty Culture-West Seneca (99 degrees), and Villa Maria College (73 degrees).

The median property value in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is $112,900, and the homeownership rate is 70.2%. Most people in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY employs 73.8k people. The largest industries in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Restaurants & Food Services (4,543 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,016 people), and Hospitals (3,992 people), and the highest paying industries are Natural gas distribution ($137,427), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($85,670), and Animal food, grain & oilseed milling ($80,589).

Median household income in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is $51,864. Males in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,794. The income inequality in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.389, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,864

2017 value

± $827

3.47%

1 Year Growth

± 2.38%

Households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have a median annual income of $51,864, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,125 in 2016, which represents a 3.47% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$53,859

Average Male Salary

± $6,270

$43,794

Average Female Salary

± $4,491

In 2017, full-time male employees in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY made 1.23 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,200 ± $3,640

  2. Black

    $36,055 ± $12,996

  3. Asian

    $35,874 ± $19,732

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY workers was White. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.389

2017 Wage GINI

0.381

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 0.389 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.86% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Battery Park City, Greenwich Village & Soho PUMA, NY with a value of $144,878, followed by Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $137,183 and $135,118.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY (16.9k out of 149k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,000 ± 707

  2. Black

    2,836 ± 378

  3. Hispanic

    1,299 ± 237

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

73.8k

2017 Value

0.732%

1 Year growth

± 0.732%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 0.732%, from 73.2k employees to 73.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,520 people), Cashiers (1,962 people), and Registered nurses (1,920 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,520 people), Cashiers (1,962 people), and Registered nurses (1,920 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Bill & account collectors (8.68 times higher than expected), Respiratory therapists (3.57 times), and Food processing workers, all other (3.15 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($148,209), Firefighters ($116,387), and Chief executives & legislators ($110,227).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

73.8k

2017 Value

0.732%

1 Year growth

± 0.732%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 0.732%, from 73.2k employees to 73.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,543 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,016 people), and Hospitals (3,992 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,543 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,016 people), and Hospitals (3,992 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of Nonferrous metal (except aluminum) production & processing (5.97 times higher than expected), Dairy product manufacturing (5.46 times), and Tire manufacturing (4.89 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Natural gas distribution ($137,427), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($85,670), and Animal food, grain & oilseed milling ($80,589).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.1% of the population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 53.7% on employee plans, 14.9% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 10.4% on non-group plans, and 1.12% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.92%

Uninsured

53.7%

Employer Coverage

14.9%

Medicaid

15%

Medicare

10.4%

Non-Group

1.12%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 4.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is home to a population of 151k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is composed of 130k White Alone residents (86%), 11k Black or African American Alone residents (7.27%), 4.85k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.22%), 2.53k Two or More Races residents (1.68%), 2.26k Asian Alone residents (1.5%), 273 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.181%), 197 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.131%), and 30 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0199%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Spanish (2,448 speakers), Arabic (2,369 speakers), and Polish (1,467 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 42.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

4.63%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.98k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 4.63%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Yemen

    1,270 ± 871 people

  2. Italy

    593 ± 597 people

  3. Poland

    580 ± 590 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Yemen, the natal country of 1,270 Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents, followed by Italy with 593 and Poland with 580.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    130k ± 1.1k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    11k ± 834

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.85k ± 627

In 2017, there were 11.8 times more White Alone residents (130k people) in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 11k Black or African American Alone and 4.85k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,448 speakers (1.71%)

  2. Arabic

    2,369 speakers (1.66%)

  3. Polish

    1,467 speakers (1.03%)

7.48% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Spanish. 1.71% of the overall population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are native Spanish speakers. 1.66% speak Arabic and 1.03% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,827 ± 327

  2. Korea

    1,332 ± 214

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,053 ± 223

Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY awarded 519 degrees. The student population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is skewed towards women, with 342 male students and 959 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are White (397 and 76.5%), followed by Black or African American (90 and 17.3%), Hispanic or Latino (17 and 3.28%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (5 and 0.963%).

The largest universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY by number of degrees awarded are Erie 1 BOCES (303 and 58.4%), Continental School of Beauty Culture-West Seneca (99 and 19.1%), and Villa Maria College (73 and 14.1%).

The most popular majors in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (189 and 36.4%), General Cosmetology (182 and 35.1%), and Aesthetician & Skin Care Specialist (38 and 7.32%).

The median tuition costs in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are $20,030 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 189 degrees awarded

  2. 182 degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training with 189 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 303 degrees awarded

  2. 99 degrees awarded

  3. 73 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$20,030

Median Private

In 2016, the Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Erie 1 BOCES with 303 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

84

Degrees Awarded to Men

435

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 84 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, which is 0.193 times less than the 435 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    397 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    90 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    17 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY were to White students. These 397 degrees mean that there were 4.41 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 90 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was $112,900 in 2017, which is 0.519 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $108,700 to $112,900, a 3.86% increase. The homeownership rate in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is 70.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,864

Median Household Income

± $827

66.2k

Number of Households

± 1,520

In 2017, the median household income of the 66.2k households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew to $51,864 from the previous year's value of $50,125.

The following chart displays the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$112,900

2017 Median

± $1,093

$108,700

2016 Median

± $1,070

In 2017, the median property value in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew to to $112,900 from the previous year's value of $108,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

70.2%

2017 Homeownership

70.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.2% of the housing units in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.01% of the workforce in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.13%

  3. Public Transit

    1.72%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Drove Alone (86.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.13%) and those who Public Transit (1.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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