Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR

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Population

164,160

2.4% decline

Median Age

39.2


Median Household Income

$16,501

0.0545% decline

Poverty Rate

52.4%


Number of Employees

39,284

2.13% decline

Median Property Value

$97,800

1.21% decline

About

In 2017, Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR had a population of 164k people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $16,501. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined from 168,199 to 164,160, a -2.4% decrease and its median household income declined from $16,510 to $16,501, a -0.0545% decrease.

The population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is 99.3% Hispanic or Latino, 0.531% White Alone, and 0.0694% Black or African American Alone. 93.1% of the people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR speak a non-English language, and N/A% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,300 degrees awarded in 2016), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (958 degrees), and Ponce Paramedical College Inc (812 degrees).

The median property value in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is $97,800, and the homeownership rate is 64.8%. Most people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR employs 39.3k people. The largest industries in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Elementary & secondary schools (3,566 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,089 people), and Hospitals (2,150 people), and the highest paying industries are National security & international affairs ($79,483), Not specified retail trade ($76,920), and Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers ($70,028).

Median household income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is $16,501. Males in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have an average income that is 1.12 times higher than the average income of females, which is $27,246. The income inequality in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.429, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$16,501

2017 value

± $574

-0.0545%

1 Year Growth

± 4.79%

Households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have a median annual income of $16,501, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $16,510 in 2016, which represents a -0.0545% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$30,451

Average Male Salary

± $6,449

$27,246

Average Female Salary

± $4,660

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR made 1.12 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $24,271 ± $3,699

  2. Other

    $21,630 ± $10,138

  3. Two or More Races

    $20,423 ± $10,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR workers was White. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.429

2017 Wage GINI

0.425

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was 0.429 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.14% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was San Juan Municipio (Sur) PUMA, PR with a value of $33,554, followed by Carolina Municipio (Norte) PUMA, PR and Toa Baja & Dorado Municipios PUMA, PR, with respective values of $30,567 and $26,964.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

52.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR (84.3k out of 161k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    83,755 ± 1,579

  2. White

    65,690 ± 1,493

  3. Black

    4,065 ± 463

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

39.3k

2017 Value

-2.13%

1 Year decline

± -2.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined at a rate of -2.13%, from 40.1k employees to 39.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, are Cashiers (2,147 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,685 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,528 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by number of employees, are Cashiers (2,147 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,685 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,528 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has an unusually high number of residents working as Barbers (9.28 times higher than expected), Detectives & criminal investigators (4.39 times), and Packaging & filling machine operators & tenders (3.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($105,915), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($86,168), and General & operations managers ($74,052).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

39.3k

2017 Value

-2.13%

1 Year decline

± -2.13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined at a rate of -2.13%, from 40.1k employees to 39.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,566 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,089 people), and Hospitals (2,150 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, though some of these residents may live in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,566 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,089 people), and Hospitals (2,150 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has an unusually high number of Other general government & support (10.2 times higher than expected), Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing (8.2 times), and Barber shops (7.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, by average salary, are National security & international affairs ($79,483), Not specified retail trade ($76,920), and Drugs, sundries, & chemical & allied products merchant wholesalers ($70,028).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from N/A to other states, or from other states to N/A.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

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In 2015, the top outbound N/A product (by dollars) was false with false, followed by false (false) and false (false).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound N/A products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

N/A

N/A Value

N/A

Projected N/A Value

N/A N/A

In N/A, total outbound N/A trade was N/A. This is expected to N/A N/A to N/A by N/A.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound N/A trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from N/A to other states, or from other states to N/A.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

In 2015, the top outbound N/A domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was N/A with N/A, followed by N/A with N/A and N/A and N/A.

The following map shows the amount of trade that N/A shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95% of the population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has health coverage, with 21.9% on employee plans, 50.1% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 9.49% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was N/A in N/A. This is a 0% change from the previous year (N/A).

Primary care physicians in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR see N/A patients per year on average, which represents a N/A N/A from the previous year (N/A patients). Compare this to dentists who see N/A patients per year, and mental health providers who see N/A patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes (N/A). Additionally, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (N/A)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for undefined.

N/A to 1

N/A

N/A in N/A see an average of N/A patients per year. This represents a N/A N/A from the previous year (N/A patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by N/A has been changing over time in N/A in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for undefined.

N/A

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

N/A

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

N/A

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

N/A

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between N/A and N/A, all personal health care spending per capita in undefined (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) stayed 0%, from N/A to N/A.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.96%

Uninsured

21.9%

Employer Coverage

50.1%

Medicaid

12.1%

Medicare

9.49%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 4.96%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes in undefined, at N/A.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in undefined by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is home to a population of 164k people, from which N/A% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is composed of 163k Hispanic or Latino residents (99.3%), 871 White Alone residents (0.531%), 114 Black or African American Alone residents (0.0694%), 75 Asian Alone residents (0.0457%), 20 Two or More Races residents (0.0122%), 16 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00975%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Spanish (144,262 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (55 speakers), and French (Incl. Cajun) (40 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

55

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was 39.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 55. But people in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

N/A%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    542 ± 571 people

  2. Cuba

    402 ± 492 people

  3. Mexico

    156 ± 307 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 542 Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents, followed by Cuba with 402 and Mexico with 156.

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Citizenship

N/A Citizenship

  1. N/A%

  2. N/A%

As of N/A, N/A% of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR residents were US citizens, which is approximately the same as the national average of 93.1%. In N/A, the percentage of US citizens in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was N/A%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been N/A.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    163k ± 3.1k

  2. White Alone

    871 ± 298

  3. Black or African American Alone

    114 ± 84

In 2017, there were 187 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (163k people) in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 871 White Alone and 114 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    144,262 speakers (93%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    55 speakers (0.0354%)

  3. French (Incl. Cajun)

    40 speakers (0.0258%)

93.1% of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Spanish. 93% of the overall population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are native Spanish speakers. 0.0354% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.0258% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,935 ± 231

  2. Korea

    875 ± 155

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    646 ± 208

Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR awarded 5,574 degrees. The student population of Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is skewed towards women, with 9,767 male students and 13,871 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Hispanic or Latino (5,553 and 99.8%), followed by Unknown (6 and 0.108%), American Indian or Alaska Native (4 and 0.0719%), and White (1 and 0.018%).

The largest universities in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by number of degrees awarded are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,300 and 23.3%), Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (958 and 17.2%), and Ponce Paramedical College Inc (812 and 14.6%).

The most popular majors in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are Registered Nursing (648 and 11.6%), Other Electrical Engineering Technology (236 and 4.23%), and Law (155 and 2.78%).

The median tuition costs in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR are $4,392 for private four year colleges, and $1,878 and $3,900 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 377 degrees awarded

  2. 105 degrees awarded

  3. 104 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Registered Nursing with 377 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,300 degrees awarded

  2. 958 degrees awarded

  3. 812 degrees awarded

$1,878

Median In-State Public

$4,392

Median Private

In 2016, the Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce with 1,300 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,316

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,258

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,316 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR, which is 0.711 times less than the 3,258 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    5,553 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    6 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    4 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 5,553 degrees mean that there were 926 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 6 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was $97,800 in 2017, which is 0.449 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $99,000 to $97,800, a 1.21% decrease. The homeownership rate in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is 64.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$16,501

Median Household Income

± $574

58.2k

Number of Households

± 1,429

In 2017, the median household income of the 58.2k households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined from $16,501 from the previous year's value of $16,510.

The following chart displays the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$97,800

2017 Median

± $1,269

$99,000

2016 Median

± $1,324

In 2017, the median property value in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR declined from to $97,800 from the previous year's value of $99,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

None

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

64.8%

2017 Homeownership

64.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.8% of the housing units in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.66% of the workforce in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87%

  2. Carpooled

    6.14%

  3. Walked

    2.71%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ponce & Jayuya Municipios PUMA, PR was Drove Alone (87%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.14%) and those who Walked (2.71%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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