Abilene, TX

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Population

169,000

0.134% growth

Median Age

33.9


Median Household Income

$48,156

3.62% growth

Poverty Rate

16%


Number of Employees

73,057

1.62% growth

Median Property Value

$102,000

3.87% growth

About

In 2017, Abilene, TX had a population of 169k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $48,156. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Abilene, TX grew from 168,774 to 169,000, a 0.134% increase and its median household income grew from $46,473 to $48,156, a 3.62% increase.

The population of Abilene, TX is 65.2% White Alone, 23% Hispanic or Latino, and 7.76% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Abilene, TX speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Abilene, TX are Abilene Christian University (1,109 degrees awarded in 2016), Hardin-Simmons University (474 degrees), and McMurry University (208 degrees).

The median property value in Abilene, TX is $102,000, and the homeownership rate is 62.4%. Most people in Abilene, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Abilene, TX is 2 cars per household.

Abilene, TX borders Brownwood, TX and Sweetwater, TX.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Abilene, TX employs 73.1k people. The largest industries in Abilene, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,629 people), Retail Trade (9,482 people), and Educational Services (7,615 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($63,300), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,514), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,412).

Median household income in Abilene, TX is $48,156. Males in Abilene, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Abilene, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,156

2017 value

± $1,831

3.62%

1 Year Growth

± 4.91%

Households in Abilene, TX have a median annual income of $48,156, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,473 in 2016, which represents a 3.62% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Abilene, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Abilene, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Abilene, TX was Collin County, TX with a value of $94,933, followed by Rockwall County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $94,848 and $90,845.

The following map shows all of the counties in Abilene, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Abilene, TX (24.9k out of 155k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,572 ± 977

  2. Hispanic

    8,545 ± 701

  3. Other

    3,407 ± 495

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Abilene, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

73.1k

2017 Value

± 1,867

1.62%

1 Year growth

± 3.54%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Abilene, TX grew at a rate of 1.62%, from 71.9k employees to 73.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Abilene, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,117 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,851 people), and Management Occupations (6,145 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,117 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,851 people), and Management Occupations (6,145 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Abilene, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.36 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.69 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.26 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($64,063), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,110), and Management Occupations ($55,928).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

73.1k

2017 Value

± 1,867

1.62%

1 Year growth

± 3.54%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Abilene, TX grew at a rate of 1.62%, from 71.9k employees to 73.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Abilene, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,629 people), Retail Trade (9,482 people), and Educational Services (7,615 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Abilene, TX, though some of these residents may live in Abilene, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Abilene, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,629 people), Retail Trade (9,482 people), and Educational Services (7,615 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Abilene, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.08 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.54 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Abilene, TX, by median earnings, are Utilities ($63,300), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,514), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,412).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.7% of the population of Abilene, TX has health coverage, with 39.8% on employee plans, 14.4% on Medicaid, 9.85% on Medicare, 14.2% on non-group plans, and 6.42% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Abilene, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Abilene, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.3%

Uninsured

39.8%

Employer Coverage

14.4%

Medicaid

9.85%

Medicare

14.2%

Non-Group

6.42%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Abilene, TX declined by 6.73% from 16.4% to 15.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Abilene, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Abilene, TX is home to a population of 169k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.06% of Abilene, TX residents were born outside of the country (8.55k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Abilene, TX is composed of 110k White Alone residents (65.2%), 38.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (23%), 13.1k Black or African American Alone residents (7.76%), 3.11k Two or More Races residents (1.84%), 2.7k Asian Alone residents (1.6%), 706 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.418%), 235 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.139%), and 73 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0432%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Abilene, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Abilene, TX was 33.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Abilene, TX are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Abilene, TX residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.06%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.55k people

4.97%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

8.39k people

As of 2017, 5.06% of Abilene, TX residents (8.55k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Abilene, TX was 4.97%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Abilene, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.1% of Abilene, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Abilene, TX was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Abilene, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    110k ± 369

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    38.9k ± 1.66k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    13.1k ± 422

In 2017, there were 2.83 times more White Alone residents (110k people) in Abilene, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 38.9k Hispanic or Latino and 13.1k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Abilene, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Abilene, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Abilene, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Abilene, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,235 ± 561

  2. Vietnam

    3,619 ± 304

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,016 ± 336

Abilene, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Abilene, TX awarded 1,862 degrees. The student population of Abilene, TX is skewed towards women, with 3,596 male students and 4,673 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Abilene, TX are White (1,316 and 72.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (222 and 12.2%), Black or African American (162 and 8.93%), and Two or More Races (57 and 3.14%).

The largest universities in Abilene, TX by number of degrees awarded are Abilene Christian University (1,109 and 59.6%), Hardin-Simmons University (474 and 25.5%), and McMurry University (208 and 11.2%).

The most popular majors in Abilene, TX are Accounting (98 and 5.26%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (90 and 4.83%), and Registered Nursing (86 and 4.62%).

The median tuition costs in Abilene, TX are $26,100 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 79 degrees awarded

  2. 70 degrees awarded

  3. 86 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Abilene, TX was General Psychology with 79 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Abilene, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,109 degrees awarded

  2. 474 degrees awarded

  3. 208 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$26,100

Median Private

In 2016, the Abilene, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Abilene Christian University with 1,109 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

755

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,107

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 755 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Abilene, TX, which is 0.682 times less than the 1,107 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Abilene, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,316 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    222 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    162 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Abilene, TX were to White students. These 1,316 degrees mean that there were 5.93 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 222 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Abilene, TX was $102,000 in 2017, which is 0.469 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $98,200 to $102,000, a 3.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Abilene, TX is 62.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Abilene, TX have an average commute time of 16.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Abilene, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,156

Median Household Income

± $1,831

60.4k

Number of Households

± 1,581

In 2017, the median household income of the 60.4k households in Abilene, TX grew to $48,156 from the previous year's value of $46,473.

The following chart displays the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$102,000

2017 Median

± $2,634

$98,200

2016 Median

± $1,916

In 2017, the median property value in Abilene, TX grew to to $102,000 from the previous year's value of $98,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Abilene, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Abilene, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Abilene, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.4%

2017 Homeownership

61.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.4% of the housing units in Abilene, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Abilene, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Abilene, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Abilene, TX have a shorter commute time (16.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.01% of the workforce in Abilene, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Abilene, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.69%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Abilene, TX was Drove Alone (81.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.6%) and those who Worked At Home (4.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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