Bowling Green, KY

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Population

169,250

1.71% growth

Median Age

35


Median Household Income

$46,716

3% growth

Poverty Rate

18.7%


Number of Employees

78,443

2.75% growth

Median Property Value

$134,200

3.79% growth

About

In 2017, Bowling Green, KY had a population of 169k people with a median age of 35 and a median household income of $46,716. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bowling Green, KY grew from 166,401 to 169,250, a 1.71% increase and its median household income grew from $45,356 to $46,716, a 3% increase.

The population of Bowling Green, KY is 83.8% White Alone, 7.12% Black or African American Alone, and 4.26% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Bowling Green, KY speak a non-English language, and 95.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bowling Green, KY are Western Kentucky University (4,364 degrees awarded in 2017), Southcentral Kentucky Community and Technical College (1,986 degrees), and PJ's College of Cosmetology-Bowling Green (165 degrees).

The median property value in Bowling Green, KY is $134,200, and the homeownership rate is 63.1%. Most people in Bowling Green, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Bowling Green, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Bowling Green, KY employs 78.4k people. The largest industries in Bowling Green, KY are Manufacturing (14,285 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,078 people), and Retail Trade (9,791 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($55,417), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($54,231), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($40,281).

Median household income in Bowling Green, KY is $46,716. Males in Bowling Green, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Bowling Green, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,716

2017 value

± $1,172

3%

1 Year Growth

± 3.38%

Households in Bowling Green, KY have a median annual income of $46,716, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,356 in 2016, which represents a 3% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Bowling Green, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bowling Green, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bowling Green, KY was Oldham County, KY with a value of $102,033, followed by Boone County, KY and Kenton County, KY, with respective values of $77,429 and $64,441.

The following map shows all of the counties in Bowling Green, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bowling Green, KY (30.1k out of 161k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    22,531 ± 1,021

  2. Black

    3,398 ± 441

  3. Hispanic

    2,327 ± 321

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bowling Green, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

78.4k

2017 Value

± 1,939

2.75%

1 Year growth

± 3.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bowling Green, KY grew at a rate of 2.75%, from 76.3k employees to 78.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bowling Green, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,333 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,875 people), and Production Occupations (8,612 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bowling Green, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bowling Green, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,333 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,875 people), and Production Occupations (8,612 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Bowling Green, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.89 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.33 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bowling Green, KY, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,835), Legal Occupations ($61,797), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,740).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

78.4k

2017 Value

± 1,939

2.75%

1 Year growth

± 3.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bowling Green, KY grew at a rate of 2.75%, from 76.3k employees to 78.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bowling Green, KY, are Manufacturing (14,285 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,078 people), and Retail Trade (9,791 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bowling Green, KY, though some of these residents may live in Bowling Green, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bowling Green, KY, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (14,285 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,078 people), and Retail Trade (9,791 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Bowling Green, KY has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.14 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.8 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bowling Green, KY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($55,417), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($54,231), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($40,281).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $74.6B

  2. $17.8B

  3. $17.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $74.6B, followed by Base metals ($17.8B) and Gasoline ($17.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$301B

2020 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

32.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $301B. This is expected to increase 32.3% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.5B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $17.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $23.5B, followed by Indiana with $20.7B and Tennessee and $17.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Bowling Green, KY has health coverage, with 48.4% on employee plans, 19.6% on Medicaid, 10.8% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.77% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Bowling Green, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Bowling Green, KY see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

1,507 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.01%

Uninsured

48.4%

Employer Coverage

19.6%

Medicaid

10.8%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

1.77%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bowling Green, KY declined by 20.8% from 10.1% to 8.01%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bowling Green, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bowling Green, KY is home to a population of 169k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.98% of Bowling Green, KY residents were born outside of the country (11.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Bowling Green, KY is composed of 142k White Alone residents (83.8%), 12.1k Black or African American Alone residents (7.12%), 7.22k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.26%), 4.21k Asian Alone residents (2.48%), 2.8k Two or More Races residents (1.65%), 516 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.305%), 299 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.177%), and 268 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.158%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bowling Green, KY was 35. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Bowling Green, KY are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Bowling Green, KY residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.98%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.8k people

6.99%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

11.6k people

As of 2017, 6.98% of Bowling Green, KY residents (11.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bowling Green, KY was 6.99%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bowling Green, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

95.4%

2017 Citizenship

95.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.4% of Bowling Green, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bowling Green, KY was 95.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bowling Green, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    142k ± 130

  2. Black or African American Alone

    12.1k ± 385

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    7.22k ± 1.11k

In 2017, there were 11.8 times more White Alone residents (142k people) in Bowling Green, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.1k Black or African American Alone and 7.22k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Bowling Green, KY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,603 ± 374

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,538 ± 304

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,218 ± 220

Bowling Green, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Bowling Green, KY awarded 6,732 degrees. The student population of Bowling Green, KY is skewed towards women, with 10,041 male students and 15,238 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bowling Green, KY are White (5,356 and 84.3%), followed by Black or African American (456 and 7.18%), Hispanic or Latino (205 and 3.23%), and Two or More Races (154 and 2.42%).

The largest universities in Bowling Green, KY by number of degrees awarded are Western Kentucky University (4,364 and 64.8%), Southcentral Kentucky Community and Technical College (1,986 and 29.5%), and PJ's College of Cosmetology-Bowling Green (165 and 2.45%).

The most popular majors in Bowling Green, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (334 and 4.96%), Registered Nursing (331 and 4.92%), and General Business Administration & Management (325 and 4.83%).

The median tuition costs in Bowling Green, KY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $10,202 and $25,512 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 145 degrees awarded

  2. 252 degrees awarded

  3. 189 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bowling Green, KY was General Business Administration & Management with 145 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bowling Green, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,364 degrees awarded

  2. 1,986 degrees awarded

  3. 165 degrees awarded

$10,202

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Bowling Green, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Western Kentucky University with 4,364 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,905

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,827

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,905 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bowling Green, KY, which is 0.759 times less than the 3,827 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Bowling Green, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,356 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    456 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    205 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bowling Green, KY were to White students. These 5,356 degrees mean that there were 11.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 456 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bowling Green, KY was $134,200 in 2017, which is 0.584 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $129,300 to $134,200, a 3.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Bowling Green, KY is 63.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bowling Green, KY have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bowling Green, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$134,200

2017 Median

± $3,645

$129,300

2016 Median

± $3,248

In 2017, the median property value in Bowling Green, KY grew to to $134,200 from the previous year's value of $129,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bowling Green, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bowling Green, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,716

Median Household Income

± $1,172

64.1k

Number of Households

± 1,698

In 2017, the median household income of the 64.1k households in Bowling Green, KY grew to $46,716 from the previous year's value of $45,356.

The following chart displays the households in Bowling Green, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bowling Green, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bowling Green, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.1%

2017 Homeownership

61.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.1% of the housing units in Bowling Green, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bowling Green, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bowling Green, KY have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.87% of the workforce in Bowling Green, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bowling Green, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.9%

  2. Carpooled

    11.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bowling Green, KY was Drove Alone (80.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.4%) and those who Worked At Home (3.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bowling Green, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bowling Green, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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