Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY

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Population

121,459

1.73% decline

Median Age

33.5


Median Household Income

$26,951

4.82% decline

Number of Employees

41,198

2.71% decline

Median Property Value

$440,900

4.53% growth

About

In 2017, Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY had a population of 121k people with a median age of 33.5 and a median household income of $26,951. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY declined from 123,596 to 121,459, a -1.73% decrease and its median household income declined from $28,315 to $26,951, a -4.82% decrease.

The population of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is 73.1% Black or African American Alone, 21.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.57% White Alone. 24.6% of the people in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY speak a non-English language, and 86.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is $440,900, and the homeownership rate is 17.1%. Most people in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY commute by Public Transit, and the average commute time is 46 minutes. The average car ownership in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is N/A per household.

Economy

The economy of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY employs 41.2k people. The largest industries in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY are Home health care services (3,258 people), Hospitals (2,863 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,601 people), and the highest paying industries are Other direct selling establishments ($594,704), Legal services ($95,890), and Pharmacies & drug stores ($95,124).

Median household income in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is $26,951. Males in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY have an average income that is 1.04 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,402. The income inequality in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.441, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$26,951

2017 value

± $1,388

-4.82%

1 Year Growth

± 7.35%

Households in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY have a median annual income of $26,951, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,315 in 2016, which represents a -4.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$46,093

Average Male Salary

± $11,614

$44,402

Average Female Salary

± $10,480

In 2017, full-time male employees in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY made 1.04 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $60,652 ± $132,254

  2. White

    $41,046 ± $23,258

  3. Black

    $40,773 ± $7,487

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.48 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.441

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was 0.441 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.608% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was Battery Park City, Greenwich Village & Soho PUMA, NY with a value of $144,878, followed by Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $137,183 and $135,118.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

41.2k

2017 Value

-2.71%

1 Year decline

± -2.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY declined at a rate of -2.71%, from 42.3k employees to 41.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, are Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (4,655 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,263 people), and Security guards & gaming surveillance officers (1,420 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (4,655 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,263 people), and Security guards & gaming surveillance officers (1,420 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Transportation attendants, except flight attendants (18.6 times higher than expected), Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (7.84 times), and Baggage porters, bellhops, & concierges (6.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Doortodoor sales workers, news & street vendors, & related workers ($594,704), Chief executives & legislators ($175,284), and Education administrators ($140,452).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

41.2k

2017 Value

-2.71%

1 Year decline

± -2.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY declined at a rate of -2.71%, from 42.3k employees to 41.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, are Home health care services (3,258 people), Hospitals (2,863 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,601 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Home health care services (3,258 people), Hospitals (2,863 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,601 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of Bus service & urban transit (9.71 times higher than expected), Home health care services (9.04 times), and Community food & housing, & emergency services (7.15 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Other direct selling establishments ($594,704), Legal services ($95,890), and Pharmacies & drug stores ($95,124).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.3% of the population of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 30% on employee plans, 44.3% on Medicaid, 6.25% on Medicare, 8.09% on non-group plans, and 0.656% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

30%

Employer Coverage

44.3%

Medicaid

6.25%

Medicare

8.09%

Non-Group

0.656%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is home to a population of 121k people, from which 86.5% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is composed of 88.7k Black or African American Alone residents (73.1%), 26.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (21.5%), 3.12k White Alone residents (2.57%), 1.65k Asian Alone residents (1.36%), 1.02k Two or More Races residents (0.841%), 471 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.388%), 294 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.242%), and 8 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00659%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY are Spanish (19,263 speakers), Haitian (2,418 speakers), and Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa (2,056 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was 33.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

30.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

37.3k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was 30.2%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Jamaica

    5,833 ± 1,830 people

  2. Guyana

    5,373 ± 1,759 people

  3. Dominican Republic

    4,598 ± 1,633 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was Jamaica, the natal country of 5,833 Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY residents, followed by Guyana with 5,373 and Dominican Republic with 4,598.

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Citizenship

86.5%

2017 Citizenship

86.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 86.5% of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was 86.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    88.7k ± 2.98k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    26.2k ± 1.84k

  3. White Alone

    3.12k ± 573

In 2017, there were 3.39 times more Black or African American Alone residents (88.7k people) in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.2k Hispanic or Latino and 3.12k White Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    19,263 speakers (17.2%)

  2. Haitian

    2,418 speakers (2.16%)

  3. Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa

    2,056 speakers (1.83%)

24.6% of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was Spanish. 17.2% of the overall population of Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY are native Spanish speakers. 2.16% speak Haitian and 1.83% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was $440,900 in 2017, which is 2.03 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $421,800 to $440,900, a 4.53% increase. The homeownership rate in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is 17.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 46 minutes, and they commute by Public Transit. Car ownership in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$26,951

Median Household Income

± $1,388

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY declined from $26,951 from the previous year's value of $28,315.

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$440,900

2017 Median

± $13,864

$421,800

2016 Median

± $11,913

In 2017, the median property value in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY grew to to $440,900 from the previous year's value of $421,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

17.1%

2017 Homeownership

17.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 17.1% of the housing units in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 17.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

46 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY have a longer commute time (46 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 10.1% of the workforce in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Public Transit

    71%

  2. Drove Alone

    18%

  3. Walked

    5.08%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Brownsville & Ocean Hill PUMA, NY was Public Transit (71%), followed by those who Drove Alone (18%) and those who Walked (5.08%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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