Brownsville-Harlingen, TX

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Population

423,908

0.0432% growth

Median Age

32.4


Median Household Income

$38,378

3.79% growth

Poverty Rate

31.2%


Number of Employees

163,171

0.00613% decline

Median Property Value

$86,500

5.98% decline

About

In 2018, Brownsville-Harlingen, TX had a population of 424k people with a median age of 32.4 and a median household income of $38,378. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX grew from 423,725 to 423,908, a 0.0432% increase and its median household income grew from $36,975 to $38,378, a 3.79% increase.

The population of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is 89.7% Hispanic or Latino, 8.86% White Alone, and 0.736% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX speak a non-English language, and 84.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX are Texas Southmost College (535 degrees awarded in 2017), Southern Careers Institute-Harlingen (351 degrees), and Southern Careers Institute-Brownsville (305 degrees).

The median property value in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is $86,500, and the homeownership rate is 66.4%. Most people in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is 2 cars per household.

Brownsville-Harlingen, TX borders McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX and Raymondville, TX.

Economy

The economy of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX employs 163k people. The largest industries in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,753 people), Educational Services (19,818 people), and Retail Trade (18,748 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,208), Utilities ($46,729), and Wholesale Trade ($39,665).

Median household income in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is $38,378. Males in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,378

2018 value

± $2,327

3.79%

1 Year Growth

± 9.36%

Households in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX have a median annual income of $38,378, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,975 in 2017, which represents a 3.79% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $100,595, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $96,051 and $91,931.

The following map shows all of the counties in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

31.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX (130k out of 416k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    124,801 ± 2,574

  2. White

    123,400 ± 2,553

  3. Other

    4,662 ± 532

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

163k

2018 Value

± 7,555

-0.00613%

1 Year decline

± 6.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX declined at a rate of -0.00613%, from 163k employees to 163k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,637 people), Sales & Related Occupations (16,686 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (14,595 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,637 people), Sales & Related Occupations (16,686 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (14,595 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Brownsville-Harlingen, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.74 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.23 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($70,062), Management Occupations ($53,870), and Legal Occupations ($53,646).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

163k

2018 Value

± 7,555

-0.00613%

1 Year decline

± 6.64%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX declined at a rate of -0.00613%, from 163k employees to 163k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,753 people), Educational Services (19,818 people), and Retail Trade (18,748 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, though some of these residents may live in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (32,753 people), Educational Services (19,818 people), and Retail Trade (18,748 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Brownsville-Harlingen, TX has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.66 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.61 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.45 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,208), Utilities ($46,729), and Wholesale Trade ($39,665).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

72.4% of the population of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX has health coverage, with 29.1% on employee plans, 27.4% on Medicaid, 7.51% on Medicare, 7.17% on non-group plans, and 1.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

27.6%

Uninsured

29.1%

Employer Coverage

27.4%

Medicaid

7.51%

Medicare

7.17%

Non-Group

1.23%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX declined by 2.82% from 28.4% to 27.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is home to a population of 424k people, from which 84.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 23.7% of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX residents were born outside of the country (101k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is composed of 380k Hispanic or Latino residents (89.7%), 37.6k White Alone residents (8.86%), 3.12k Asian Alone residents (0.736%), 1.42k Black or African American Alone residents (0.336%), 684 Two or More Races residents (0.161%), 622 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.147%), 150 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0354%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

25

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

50

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was 32.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 25, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Brownsville-Harlingen, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

23.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

101k people

23.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

100k people

As of 2017, 23.7% of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX residents (101k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was 23.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

84.4%

2018 Citizenship

83.4%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 84.4% of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was 83.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    380k ± 6.35k

  2. White Alone

    37.6k ± 267

  3. Asian Alone

    3.12k ± 139

In 2017, there were 10.1 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (380k people) in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.6k White Alone and 3.12k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,629 ± 1,081

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,403 ± 816

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,930 ± 750

Brownsville-Harlingen, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX awarded 1,886 degrees. The student population of Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is skewed towards women, with 3,146 male students and 4,785 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX are Hispanic or Latino (1,796 and 95.7%), followed by White (42 and 2.24%), Unknown (19 and 1.01%), and Black or African American (10 and 0.533%).

The largest universities in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas Southmost College (535 and 28.4%), Southern Careers Institute-Harlingen (351 and 18.6%), and Southern Careers Institute-Brownsville (305 and 16.2%).

The most popular majors in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX are Medical Assistant (562 and 29.8%), General Cosmetology (149 and 7.9%), and General Studies (133 and 7.05%).

The median tuition costs in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 486 degrees awarded

  2. 141 degrees awarded

  3. 89 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was Medical Assistant with 486 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 535 degrees awarded

  2. 351 degrees awarded

  3. 305 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Brownsville-Harlingen, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas Southmost College with 535 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

645

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,241

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 645 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX, which is 0.52 times less than the 1,241 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    1,796 degrees awarded

  2. White

    42 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    19 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 1,796 degrees mean that there were 42.8 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 42 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was $86,500 in 2018, which is 0.377 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $92,000 to $86,500, a 5.98% decrease. The homeownership rate in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is 66.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX have an average commute time of 19.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$86,500

2018 Median

± $3,112

$92,000

2017 Median

± $3,969

In 2018, the median property value in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX declined from to $86,500 from the previous year's value of $92,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville-Harlingen, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$38,378

Median Household Income

± $2,327

125k

Number of Households

± 5,979

In 2018, the median household income of the 125k households in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX grew to $38,378 from the previous year's value of $36,975.

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville-Harlingen, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.4%

2018 Homeownership

65%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 66.4% of the housing units in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX have a shorter commute time (19.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.756% of the workforce in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.08%

  3. Worked At Home

    5%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX was Drove Alone (84.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.08%) and those who Worked At Home (5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Brownsville-Harlingen, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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