Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC

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Population

125,956

0.195% decline

Poverty Rate

13%


Median Age

43.8


Median Household Income

$48,840

4.03% growth

Number of Employees

53,114

1.87% growth

Median Property Value

$194,600

5.19% growth

About

In 2017, Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC had a population of 126k people with a median age of 43.8 and a median household income of $48,840. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC declined from 126,202 to 125,956, a -0.195% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,948 to $48,840, a 4.03% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are White (Non-Hispanic) (88.3%), White (Hispanic) (5.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.14%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.94%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.689%). 7.08% of the people in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC speak a non-English language, and 97.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are Montreat College (228 degrees awarded in 2017) and Warren Wilson College (176 degrees).

The median property value in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is $194,600, and the homeownership rate is 74.9%. Most people in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for North Carolina. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in North Carolina, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for North Carolina. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Carolina across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC employs 53.1k people. The largest industries in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are Hospitals (3,978 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,594 people), and Construction (2,846 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($125,720), Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($96,833), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($83,618).

Median household income in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is $48,840. Males in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,565. The income inequality in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.413, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,840

2017 value

± $1,669

4.03%

1 Year Growth

± 4.42%

Households in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC have a median annual income of $48,840, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,948 in 2016, which represents a 4.03% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$52,756

Average Male Salary

± $7,921

$39,565

Average Female Salary

± $4,444

In 2017, full-time male employees in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $41,844 ± $24,722

  2. White

    $41,086 ± $4,428

  3. Asian

    $35,838 ± $29,755

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.413

2017 Wage GINI

0.418

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was 0.413 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.15% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was Apex & Holly Springs Towns PUMA, NC with a value of $116,229, followed by Raleigh City (Northwest) & Morrisville Town PUMA, NC and Charlotte City (South) PUMA, NC, with respective values of $107,888 and $101,088.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC (16k out of 123k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    14,578 ± 985

  2. Hispanic

    2,707 ± 454

  3. Black

    555 ± 202

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

53.1k

2017 Value

1.87%

1 Year growth

± 1.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC grew at a rate of 1.87%, from 52.1k employees to 53.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, are Registered nurses (1,816 people), Retail salespersons (1,621 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (1,244 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, by number of employees, are Registered nurses (1,816 people), Retail salespersons (1,621 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (1,244 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Tour & travel guides (7.28 times higher than expected), Electrical powerline installers & repairers (5.47 times), and Emergency medical technicians & paramedics (4.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($203,810), Personal financial advisors ($141,669), and Mechanical engineers ($119,605).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

53.1k

2017 Value

1.87%

1 Year growth

± 1.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC grew at a rate of 1.87%, from 52.1k employees to 53.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, are Hospitals (3,978 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,594 people), and Construction (2,846 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, though some of these residents may live in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, by number of employees, are Hospitals (3,978 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,594 people), and Construction (2,846 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC has an unusually high number of Textile product mills, except carpets & rugs (4.47 times higher than expected), Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. (3.48 times), and Plastics product manufacturing (3.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($125,720), Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($96,833), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($83,618).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $54.9B

  2. $41.2B

  3. $40B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $54.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($41.2B) and Machinery ($40B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$443B

2020 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

42.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Carolina trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 42.7% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.4B

  2. $28.1B

  3. $28B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $28.4B, followed by Virginia with $28.1B and Georgia and $28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86% of the population of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC has health coverage, with 39.3% on employee plans, 14.5% on Medicaid, 14.8% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 2.41% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14%

Uninsured

39.3%

Employer Coverage

14.5%

Medicaid

14.8%

Medicare

14.8%

Non-Group

2.41%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 14%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is home to a population of 126k people, from which 97.3% are citizens. As of 2016, 4.7% of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC residents were born outside of the country (5.93k people).

In 2017, there were 17.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.42k White (Hispanic) and 2.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are Spanish (5,883 speakers), Ukrainian or Other Slavic Languages (497 speakers), and Other Indo-European Languages (471 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was 43.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

5.93k people

4.46%

2015 Foreign-Born Population

5.49k people

As of 2016, 4.7% of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC residents (5.93k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2015, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was 4.46%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,155 ± 1,130 people

  2. El Salvador

    485 ± 540 people

  3. Germany

    285 ± 414 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was Mexico, the natal country of 2,155 Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC residents, followed by El Salvador with 485 and Germany with 285.

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Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

97.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.3% of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    111k ± 1.64k

  2. White (Hispanic)

    6.42k ± 1.21k

  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    2.7k ± 540

In 2017, there were 17.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.42k White (Hispanic) and 2.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    5,883 speakers (4.94%)

  2. Ukrainian or Other Slavic Languages

    497 speakers (0.417%)

  3. Other Indo-European Languages

    471 speakers (0.395%)

7.08% of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was Spanish. 4.94% of the overall population of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are native Spanish speakers. 0.417% speak Ukrainian or Other Slavic Languages and 0.395% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,957 ± 356

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    963 ± 237

  3. Korea

    941 ± 166

Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC awarded 404 degrees. The student population of Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is skewed towards women, with 675 male students and 919 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are White (271 and 68.3%), followed by Black or African American (66 and 16.6%), Unknown (27 and 6.8%), and Hispanic or Latino (19 and 4.79%).

The largest universities in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC by number of degrees awarded are Montreat College (228 and 56.4%) and Warren Wilson College (176 and 43.6%).

The most popular majors in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are General Business Administration & Management (50 and 12.4%), Other Psychology (39 and 9.65%), and Creative Writing (37 and 9.16%).

The median tuition costs in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC are $29,990 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 46 degrees awarded

  2. 39 degrees awarded

  3. 34 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was General Business Administration & Management with 46 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 228 degrees awarded

  2. 176 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$29,990

Median Private

In 2017, the Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Montreat College with 228 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

149

Degrees Awarded to Men

255

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 149 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC, which is 0.584 times less than the 255 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    271 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    66 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    27 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC were to White students. These 271 degrees mean that there were 4.11 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 66 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was $194,600 in 2017, which is 0.847 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $185,000 to $194,600, a 5.19% increase. The homeownership rate in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is 74.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC have an average commute time of 20.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$194,600

2017 Median

± $5,049

$185,000

2016 Median

± $5,828

In 2017, the median property value in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC grew to to $194,600 from the previous year's value of $185,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,840

Median Household Income

± $1,669

50.1k

Number of Households

± 1,533

In 2017, the median household income of the 50.1k households in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC grew to $48,840 from the previous year's value of $46,948.

The following chart displays the households in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.9%

2017 Homeownership

73.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.9% of the housing units in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC have a shorter commute time (20.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.16% of the workforce in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.67%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.7%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC was Drove Alone (81.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.67%) and those who Worked At Home (7.7%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buncombe County (Northwest) PUMA, NC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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