Centralia, IL

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Population

38,305

0.514% decline

Median Age

41.8


Median Household Income

$44,679

2.88% growth

Poverty Rate

17.8%


Number of Employees

16,958

0.142% growth

Median Property Value

$71,900

0.139% decline

About

In 2017, Centralia, IL had a population of 38.3k people with a median age of 41.8 and a median household income of $44,679. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Centralia, IL declined from 38,503 to 38,305, a -0.514% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,427 to $44,679, a 2.88% increase.

The population of Centralia, IL is 91.5% White Alone, 3.39% Black or African American Alone, and 2.16% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Centralia, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Centralia, IL is $71,900, and the homeownership rate is 74.3%. Most people in Centralia, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Centralia, IL is 2 cars per household.

Centralia, IL borders Mount Vernon, IL and St. Louis, MO-IL.

Economy

The economy of Centralia, IL employs 17k people. The largest industries in Centralia, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,654 people), Manufacturing (2,991 people), and Retail Trade (1,939 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,750), Public Administration ($50,000), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($45,625).

Median household income in Centralia, IL is $44,679. Males in Centralia, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Centralia, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,679

2017 value

± $2,207

2.88%

1 Year Growth

± 6.23%

Households in Centralia, IL have a median annual income of $44,679, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,427 in 2016, which represents a 2.88% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Centralia, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Centralia, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Centralia, IL was DuPage County, IL with a value of $93,750, followed by Kendall County, IL and Lake County, IL, with respective values of $89,862 and $87,133.

The following map shows all of the counties in Centralia, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Centralia, IL (6.66k out of 37.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,606 ± 361

  2. Black

    494 ± 140

  3. Two Or More

    381 ± 133

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Centralia, IL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17k

2017 Value

± 651

0.142%

1 Year growth

± 5.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Centralia, IL grew at a rate of 0.142%, from 16.9k employees to 17k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Centralia, IL, are Production Occupations (2,021 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,979 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,339 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Centralia, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Centralia, IL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,021 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,979 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,339 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Centralia, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2.13 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.12 times), and Production Occupations (2.06 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Centralia, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,107), Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($63,438), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($56,746).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17k

2017 Value

± 651

0.142%

1 Year growth

± 5.35%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Centralia, IL grew at a rate of 0.142%, from 16.9k employees to 17k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Centralia, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,654 people), Manufacturing (2,991 people), and Retail Trade (1,939 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Centralia, IL, though some of these residents may live in Centralia, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Centralia, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,654 people), Manufacturing (2,991 people), and Retail Trade (1,939 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Centralia, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.09 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.74 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.56 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Centralia, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,750), Public Administration ($50,000), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($45,625).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $82.9B

  2. $78.3B

  3. $75B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $82.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($78.3B) and Gasoline ($75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$952B

2020 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

37.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Illinois trade was $952B. This is expected to increase 37.7% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $69.2B

  2. $54.7B

  3. $36.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $69.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $54.7B and Michigan and $36.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Centralia, IL has health coverage, with 39.5% on employee plans, 26.2% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 1.84% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Centralia, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Centralia, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.42%

Uninsured

39.5%

Employer Coverage

26.2%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

12.4%

Non-Group

1.84%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Centralia, IL declined by 16.7% from 8.92% to 7.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Centralia, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Centralia, IL is home to a population of 38.3k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.36% of Centralia, IL residents were born outside of the country (522 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Centralia, IL is composed of 35.1k White Alone residents (91.5%), 1.3k Black or African American Alone residents (3.39%), 828 Two or More Races residents (2.16%), 719 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.88%), 257 Asian Alone residents (0.671%), 78 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.204%), 68 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.178%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 11.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Centralia, IL was 41.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Centralia, IL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Centralia, IL residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.36%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

522 people

1.35%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

518 people

As of 2017, 1.36% of Centralia, IL residents (522 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Centralia, IL was 1.35%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Centralia, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Centralia, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Centralia, IL was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Centralia, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    35.1k ± 23

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.3k ± 146

  3. Two or More Races

    828 ± 158

In 2017, there were 27 times more White Alone residents (35.1k people) in Centralia, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.3k Black or African American Alone and 828 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Centralia, IL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,136 ± 135

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    377 ± 97

  3. Korea

    343 ± 64

Centralia, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Centralia, IL was $71,900 in 2017, which is 0.313 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $72,000 to $71,900, a 0.139% decrease. The homeownership rate in Centralia, IL is 74.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Centralia, IL have an average commute time of 19.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Centralia, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$71,900

2017 Median

± $2,648

$72,000

2016 Median

± $2,576

In 2017, the median property value in Centralia, IL declined from to $71,900 from the previous year's value of $72,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Centralia, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Centralia, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,679

Median Household Income

± $2,207

16k

Number of Households

± 598

In 2017, the median household income of the 16k households in Centralia, IL grew to $44,679 from the previous year's value of $43,427.

The following chart displays the households in Centralia, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Centralia, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Centralia, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.3%

2017 Homeownership

74.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.3% of the housing units in Centralia, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 74.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Centralia, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Centralia, IL have a shorter commute time (19.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.33% of the workforce in Centralia, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Centralia, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85%

  2. Carpooled

    9.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.32%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Centralia, IL was Drove Alone (85%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.3%) and those who Worked At Home (2.32%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Centralia, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Centralia, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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