Clay County, SD

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Population

13,907

0.87% decline

Poverty Rate

24.7%


Median Age

25


Median Household Income

$41,773

8.79% growth

Number of Employees

7,624

0.209% decline

Median Property Value

$146,400

6.47% growth

About

In 2017, Clay County, SD had a population of 13.9k people with a median age of 25 and a median household income of $41,773. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Clay County, SD declined from 14,029 to 13,907, a -0.87% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,399 to $41,773, a 8.79% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (88.2%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (2.88%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.46%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.25%), and White (Hispanic) (1.47%). N/A% of the people in Clay County, SD speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Clay County, SD are University of South Dakota (2,205 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Clay County, SD is $146,400, and the homeownership rate is 51.6%. Most people in Clay County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 14.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in South Dakota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of South Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Clay County, SD employs 7.62k people. The largest industries in Clay County, SD are Educational Services (1,926 people), Retail Trade (1,136 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (940 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($46,563), Wholesale Trade ($41,900), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,218).

Median household income in Clay County, SD is $41,773. Males in Clay County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Clay County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,773

2017 value

± $2,505

8.79%

1 Year Growth

± 9.71%

Households in Clay County, SD have a median annual income of $41,773, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,399 in 2016, which represents a 8.79% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Clay County, SD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9658

  2. Census Tract 9657

  3. Census Tract 9659

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, SD was Census Tract 9658 with a value of $61,367, followed by Census Tract 9657 and Census Tract 9659, with respective values of $42,125 and $28,875.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, SD (2.9k out of 11.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,421 ± 270

  2. Native American

    224 ± 149

  3. Asian

    131 ± 101

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, SD is White, followed by Native American and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.62k

2017 Value

± 528

-0.209%

1 Year decline

± 9.76%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, SD declined at a rate of -0.209%, from 7.64k employees to 7.62k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, SD, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,106 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (867 people), and Management Occupations (849 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, SD, by number of employees, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1,106 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (867 people), and Management Occupations (849 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.42 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2.4 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, SD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($57,560), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($52,917), and Management Occupations ($47,788).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.62k

2017 Value

± 528

-0.209%

1 Year decline

± 9.76%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, SD declined at a rate of -0.209%, from 7.64k employees to 7.62k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, SD, are Educational Services (1,926 people), Retail Trade (1,136 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (940 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, SD, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,926 people), Retail Trade (1,136 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (940 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.5 times higher than expected), Educational Services (2.73 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.61 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, SD, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($46,563), Wholesale Trade ($41,900), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,218).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.8B

  2. $4.58B

  3. $4.53B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.8B, followed by Live animals/fish ($4.58B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.53B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$66.6B

2020 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

38.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Dakota trade was $66.6B. This is expected to increase 38.4% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $8.77B

  2. $2.47B

  3. $2.17B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $8.77B, followed by Iowa with $2.47B and Nebraska and $2.17B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91% of the population of Clay County, SD has health coverage, with 55.9% on employee plans, 9.1% on Medicaid, 7.47% on Medicare, 16.2% on non-group plans, and 2.3% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Clay County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, SD see 1746 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.8% increase from the previous year (1548 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1565 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,746 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Clay County, SD see an average of 1,746 patients per year. This represents a 12.8% increase from the previous year (1,548 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.97%

Uninsured

55.9%

Employer Coverage

9.1%

Medicaid

7.47%

Medicare

16.2%

Non-Group

2.3%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, SD declined by 5.82% from 9.52% to 8.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Clay County, SD is home to a population of 13.9k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.48% of Clay County, SD residents were born outside of the country (484 people).

In 2017, there were 30.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.3k people) in Clay County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 400 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 342 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

25

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

30

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Clay County, SD was 25. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 25, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 30. But people in Clay County, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Clay County, SD residents was 25.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.48%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

484 people

3.44%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

483 people

As of 2017, 3.48% of Clay County, SD residents (484 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, SD was 3.44%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

97.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Clay County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, SD was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, SD

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    12.3k ± 15

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)

    400 ± 195

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    342 ± 50

In 2017, there were 30.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.3k people) in Clay County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 400 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 342 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (1990s)

    191 ± 93

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    178 ± 86

  3. Vietnam

    155 ± 67

Clay County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (1990s), 1.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Clay County, SD awarded 2,205 degrees. The student population of Clay County, SD is skewed towards women, with 3,984 male students and 6,277 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Clay County, SD are White (1,935 and 90.3%), followed by Two or More Races (64 and 2.99%), Hispanic or Latino (48 and 2.24%), and Black or African American (36 and 1.68%).

The largest universities in Clay County, SD by number of degrees awarded are University of South Dakota (2,205 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Clay County, SD are Registered Nursing (223 and 10.1%), General Business Administration & Management (163 and 7.39%), and General Health Services (107 and 4.85%).

The median tuition costs in Clay County, SD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,191 and $10,438 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 192 degrees awarded

  2. 107 degrees awarded

  3. 80 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Clay County, SD was Registered Nursing with 192 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Clay County, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

2,205 degrees awarded

$7,191

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Clay County, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Dakota with 2,205 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

825

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,380

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 825 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Clay County, SD, which is 0.598 times less than the 1,380 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Clay County, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,935 degrees awarded

  2. Two or More Races

    64 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    48 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Clay County, SD were to White students. These 1,935 degrees mean that there were 30.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 64 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, SD was $146,400 in 2017, which is 0.637 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $137,500 to $146,400, a 6.47% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, SD is 51.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Clay County, SD have an average commute time of 14.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Clay County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$146,400

2017 Median

± $10,479

$137,500

2016 Median

± $15,666

In 2017, the median property value in Clay County, SD grew to to $146,400 from the previous year's value of $137,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,773

Median Household Income

± $2,505

5.3k

Number of Households

± 459

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.3k households in Clay County, SD grew to $41,773 from the previous year's value of $38,399.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

51.6%

2017 Homeownership

51.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.6% of the housing units in Clay County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

14.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, SD have a shorter commute time (14.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.975% of the workforce in Clay County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69.4%

  2. Walked

    13.2%

  3. Carpooled

    7.58%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Clay County, SD was Drove Alone (69.4%), followed by those who Walked (13.2%) and those who Carpooled (7.58%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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