Cleveland-Elyria, OH

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Population

2.06M

0.157% growth

Median Age

41.3


Median Household Income

$52,489

0.687% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

992,192

0.225% decline

Median Property Value

$150,400

2.94% growth

About

In 2017, Cleveland-Elyria, OH had a population of 2.06M people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $52,489. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cleveland-Elyria, OH grew from 2.06M to 2.06M, a 0.157% increase and its median household income grew from $52,131 to $52,489, a 0.687% increase.

The population of Cleveland-Elyria, OH is 69.8% White Alone, 19.5% Black or African American Alone, and 5.82% Hispanic or Latino. 10.2% of the people in Cleveland-Elyria, OH speak a non-English language, and 97.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are Cleveland State University (4,053 degrees awarded in 2016), Cuyahoga Community College District (3,796 degrees), and Case Western Reserve University (3,402 degrees).

The median property value in Cleveland-Elyria, OH is $150,400, and the homeownership rate is 64.4%. Most people in Cleveland-Elyria, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland-Elyria, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cleveland-Elyria, OH employs 992k people. The largest industries in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (171,156 people), Manufacturing (138,575 people), and Retail Trade (106,029 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,778), Utilities ($72,679), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,774).

Median household income in Cleveland-Elyria, OH is $52,489. Males in Cleveland-Elyria, OH have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,489

2017 value

± $832

0.687%

1 Year Growth

± 1.98%

Households in Cleveland-Elyria, OH have a median annual income of $52,489, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,131 in 2016, which represents a 0.687% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cleveland-Elyria, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland-Elyria, OH is from Ohio.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was Delaware County, OH with a value of $106,933, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $84,130 and $82,741.

The following map shows all of the counties in Cleveland-Elyria, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland-Elyria, OH (301k out of 2.02M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    141,466 ± 2,521

  2. Black

    132,823 ± 2,226

  3. Hispanic

    29,246 ± 1,105

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland-Elyria, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

992k

2017 Value

± 15,019

-0.225%

1 Year decline

± 2.14%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland-Elyria, OH declined at a rate of -0.225%, from 994k employees to 992k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland-Elyria, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (134,329 people), Management Occupations (103,697 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (96,020 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland-Elyria, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland-Elyria, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (134,329 people), Management Occupations (103,697 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (96,020 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cleveland-Elyria, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.35 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.27 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.23 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland-Elyria, OH, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($73,581), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,199), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($70,255).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

992k

2017 Value

± 15,019

-0.225%

1 Year decline

± 2.14%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland-Elyria, OH declined at a rate of -0.225%, from 994k employees to 992k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland-Elyria, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (171,156 people), Manufacturing (138,575 people), and Retail Trade (106,029 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland-Elyria, OH, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland-Elyria, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland-Elyria, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (171,156 people), Manufacturing (138,575 people), and Retail Trade (106,029 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cleveland-Elyria, OH has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.56 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.44 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland-Elyria, OH, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,778), Utilities ($72,679), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,774).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($64.2B) and Machinery ($45.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.9% of the population of Cleveland-Elyria, OH has health coverage, with 50.9% on employee plans, 18.7% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Cleveland-Elyria, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Cleveland-Elyria, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.06%

Uninsured

50.9%

Employer Coverage

18.7%

Medicaid

14.1%

Medicare

10.1%

Non-Group

1.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland-Elyria, OH grew by 1.24% from 5% to 5.06%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland-Elyria, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cleveland-Elyria, OH is home to a population of 2.06M people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.76% of Cleveland-Elyria, OH residents were born outside of the country (119k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cleveland-Elyria, OH is composed of 1.44M White Alone residents (69.8%), 401k Black or African American Alone residents (19.5%), 120k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.82%), 48.4k Two or More Races residents (2.35%), 45.2k Asian Alone residents (2.19%), 4.46k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.217%), 2.51k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.122%), and 343 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0167%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are Spanish (76,764 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (9,440 speakers), and Arabic (9,213 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was 41.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cleveland-Elyria, OH residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.76%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

119k people

5.66%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

116k people

As of 2017, 5.76% of Cleveland-Elyria, OH residents (119k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was 5.66%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland-Elyria, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 63,926 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

97.7%

2017 Citizenship

97.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.7% of Cleveland-Elyria, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland-Elyria, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.44M ± 1.45k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    401k ± 3.78k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    120k ± 6.86k

In 2017, there were 3.58 times more White Alone residents (1.44M people) in Cleveland-Elyria, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 401k Black or African American Alone and 120k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cleveland-Elyria, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    76,764 speakers (3.95%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    9,440 speakers (0.486%)

  3. Arabic

    9,213 speakers (0.474%)

10.2% of Cleveland-Elyria, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was Spanish. 3.95% of the overall population of Cleveland-Elyria, OH are native Spanish speakers. 0.486% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.474% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    39,976 ± 2,461

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    13,747 ± 1,789

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    13,175 ± 1,882

Cleveland-Elyria, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cleveland-Elyria, OH awarded 23,422 degrees. The student population of Cleveland-Elyria, OH is skewed towards women, with 41,045 male students and 56,101 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are White (15,043 and 68.4%), followed by Black or African American (3,719 and 16.9%), Hispanic or Latino (1,040 and 4.73%), and Asian (920 and 4.18%).

The largest universities in Cleveland-Elyria, OH by number of degrees awarded are Cleveland State University (4,053 and 17.3%), Cuyahoga Community College District (3,796 and 16.2%), and Case Western Reserve University (3,402 and 14.5%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,601 and 11.1%), General Business Administration & Management (1,381 and 5.9%), and Registered Nursing (1,114 and 4.76%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland-Elyria, OH are $33,878 for private four year colleges, and $7,650 and $13,858 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 490 degrees awarded

  2. 383 degrees awarded

  3. 363 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was General Psychology with 490 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland-Elyria, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,053 degrees awarded

  2. 3,796 degrees awarded

  3. 3,402 degrees awarded

$7,650

Median In-State Public

$33,878

Median Private

In 2016, the Cleveland-Elyria, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cleveland State University with 4,053 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

10,038

Degrees Awarded to Men

13,384

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 10,038 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland-Elyria, OH, which is 0.75 times less than the 13,384 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cleveland-Elyria, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    15,043 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,719 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,040 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cleveland-Elyria, OH were to White students. These 15,043 degrees mean that there were 4.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,719 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was $150,400 in 2017, which is 0.691 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $146,100 to $150,400, a 2.94% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland-Elyria, OH is 64.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cleveland-Elyria, OH have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cleveland-Elyria, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,489

Median Household Income

± $832

863k

Number of Households

± 13,316

In 2017, the median household income of the 863k households in Cleveland-Elyria, OH grew to $52,489 from the previous year's value of $52,131.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland-Elyria, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$150,400

2017 Median

± $1,813

$146,100

2016 Median

± $1,801

In 2017, the median property value in Cleveland-Elyria, OH grew to to $150,400 from the previous year's value of $146,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland-Elyria, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland-Elyria, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland-Elyria, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland-Elyria, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.4%

2017 Homeownership

64.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.4% of the housing units in Cleveland-Elyria, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland-Elyria, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland-Elyria, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland-Elyria, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland-Elyria, OH have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.54% of the workforce in Cleveland-Elyria, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland-Elyria, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.8%

  2. Carpooled

    7.87%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.38%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cleveland-Elyria, OH was Drove Alone (81.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.87%) and those who Worked At Home (4.38%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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