Columbia, SC

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Population

833,165

0.989% growth

Median Age

37


Median Household Income

$53,765

1.31% decline

Poverty Rate

15.6%


Number of Employees

389,276

0.359% decline

Median Property Value

$156,800

0.128% growth

About

In 2018, Columbia, SC had a population of 833k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $53,765. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Columbia, SC grew from 825,004 to 833,165, a 0.989% increase and its median household income declined from $54,480 to $53,765, a -1.31% decrease.

The population of Columbia, SC is 56.3% White Alone, 32.7% Black or African American Alone, and 5.57% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Columbia, SC speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia, SC are University of South Carolina-Columbia (9,467 degrees awarded in 2017), Midlands Technical College (2,345 degrees), and Columbia College (217934) (419 degrees).

The median property value in Columbia, SC is $156,800, and the homeownership rate is 67.1%. Most people in Columbia, SC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia, SC is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: State Capitol Grounds, Columbia, SC

Economy

The economy of Columbia, SC employs 389k people. The largest industries in Columbia, SC are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,364 people), Retail Trade (45,083 people), and Educational Services (40,744 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($70,490), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,037), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,983).

Median household income in Columbia, SC is $53,765. Males in Columbia, SC have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,129. The income inequality in Columbia, SC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,765

2018 value

± $2,137

-1.31%

1 Year Growth

± 5.29%

Households in Columbia, SC have a median annual income of $53,765, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,480 in 2017, which represents a -1.31% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

$59,728

Average Male Salary

± $1,565

$44,129

Average Female Salary

± $1,115

In 2018, full-time male employees in South Carolina made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,374 ± $10,504

  2. White

    $51,299 ± $1,155

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $40,072 ± $12,512

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia, SC is from South Carolina.

0.464

2018 Wage GINI

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in South Carolina was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.279% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for South Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia, SC was Dorchester County, SC with a value of $66,438, followed by Beaufort County, SC and York County, SC, with respective values of $65,607 and $64,319.

The following map shows all of the counties in Columbia, SC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia, SC (120k out of 773k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    57,988 ± 1,926

  2. White

    50,231 ± 1,593

  3. Hispanic

    10,345 ± 741

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia, SC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

389k

2018 Value

± 11,378

-0.359%

1 Year decline

± 4.05%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Columbia, SC declined at a rate of -0.359%, from 391k employees to 389k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia, SC, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (47,068 people), Sales & Related Occupations (41,282 people), and Management Occupations (37,719 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia, SC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia, SC, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (47,068 people), Sales & Related Occupations (41,282 people), and Management Occupations (37,719 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Columbia, SC has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.35 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.17 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.14 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia, SC, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,779), Management Occupations ($62,468), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,020).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

389k

2018 Value

± 11,378

-0.359%

1 Year decline

± 4.05%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Columbia, SC declined at a rate of -0.359%, from 391k employees to 389k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia, SC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,364 people), Retail Trade (45,083 people), and Educational Services (40,744 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia, SC, though some of these residents may live in Columbia, SC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia, SC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,364 people), Retail Trade (45,083 people), and Educational Services (40,744 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Columbia, SC has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.58 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.49 times), and Educational Services (1.14 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia, SC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($70,490), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,037), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,983).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.8B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $12.6B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina product (by dollars) was Plastics/rubber with $17.8B, followed by Machinery ($17.1B) and Electronics ($12.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Carolina state.

$178B

2020 Value

$244B

Projected 2045 Value

37% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Carolina trade was $178B. This is expected to increase 37% to $244B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Carolina to other states, or from other states to South Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24.2B

  2. $14.4B

  3. $6.22B

In 2015, the top outbound South Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $24.2B, followed by Georgia with $14.4B and Tennessee and $6.22B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90% of the population of Columbia, SC has health coverage, with 46.8% on employee plans, 15.1% on Medicaid, 9.54% on Medicare, 14.7% on non-group plans, and 3.92% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Columbia, SC was $7,311 in 2014. This is a 4.15% increase from the previous year ($7,020).

Primary care physicians in Columbia, SC see 1483 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1488 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1891 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 639 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.1%). Additionally, Lee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (42.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

1,483 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Carolina see an average of 1,483 patients per year. This represents a 0.336% decrease from the previous year (1,488 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Carolina in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Carolina.

$7,311

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,235

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,491

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,298

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.15%, from $7,020 to $7,311.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.97%

Uninsured

46.8%

Employer Coverage

15.1%

Medicaid

9.54%

Medicare

14.7%

Non-Group

3.92%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia, SC grew by 14.4% from 8.72% to 9.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia, SC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 20.1% prevalence

  2. 19.6% prevalence

  3. 18.7% prevalence

Dillon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina, at 20.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia, SC is home to a population of 833k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 5% of Columbia, SC residents were born outside of the country (41.2k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia, SC is composed of 469k White Alone residents (56.3%), 273k Black or African American Alone residents (32.7%), 46.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.57%), 22.8k Two or More Races residents (2.73%), 18.3k Asian Alone residents (2.2%), 1.86k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.223%), 1.61k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.193%), and 465 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0558%).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Columbia, SC was 37. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Columbia, SC are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Columbia, SC residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

41.2k people

4.75%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

38.8k people

As of 2017, 5% of Columbia, SC residents (41.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia, SC was 4.75%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for South Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,118 ± 6,082 people

  2. India

    17,415 ± 3,234 people

  3. Germany

    13,326 ± 2,830 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 62,118 South Carolina residents, followed by India with 17,415 and Germany with 13,326.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2018 Citizenship

97.1%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.5% of Columbia, SC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia, SC was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia, SC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    469k ± 2.51k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    273k ± 5.8k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    46.4k ± 5.03k

In 2018, there were 1.72 times more White Alone residents (469k people) in Columbia, SC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 273k Black or African American Alone and 46.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia, SC as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    20,090 ± 1,618

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    16,227 ± 2,607

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    10,780 ± 1,749

Columbia, SC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Columbia, SC awarded 14,477 degrees. The student population of Columbia, SC is skewed towards women, with 22,529 male students and 31,050 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia, SC are White (9,299 and 66.2%), followed by Black or African American (3,143 and 22.4%), Hispanic or Latino (537 and 3.83%), and Two or More Races (352 and 2.51%).

The largest universities in Columbia, SC by number of degrees awarded are University of South Carolina-Columbia (9,467 and 65.4%), Midlands Technical College (2,345 and 16.2%), and Columbia College (217934) (419 and 2.89%).

The most popular majors in Columbia, SC are General Business Administration & Management (739 and 5.1%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (554 and 3.83%), and Registered Nursing (530 and 3.66%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia, SC are $17,714 for private four year colleges, and $11,462 and $31,562 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 483 degrees awarded

  2. 477 degrees awarded

  3. 434 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia, SC was General Business Administration & Management with 483 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia, SC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,467 degrees awarded

  2. 2,345 degrees awarded

  3. 419 degrees awarded

$11,462

Median In-State Public

$17,714

Median Private

In 2017, the Columbia, SC institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Carolina-Columbia with 9,467 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,853

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,624

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 5,853 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia, SC, which is 0.679 times less than the 8,624 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Columbia, SC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,299 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,143 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    537 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia, SC were to White students. These 9,299 degrees mean that there were 2.96 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,143 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia, SC was $156,800 in 2018, which is 0.683 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $156,600 to $156,800, a 0.128% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia, SC is 67.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia, SC have an average commute time of 24.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia, SC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$156,800

2018 Median

± $3,052

$156,600

2017 Median

± $2,809

In 2018, the median property value in Columbia, SC grew to to $156,800 from the previous year's value of $156,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia, SC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, SC the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,765

Median Household Income

± $2,137

315k

Number of Households

± 9,509

In 2018, the median household income of the 315k households in Columbia, SC declined from $53,765 from the previous year's value of $54,480.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, SC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia, SC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, SC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.1%

2018 Homeownership

67.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.1% of the housing units in Columbia, SC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia, SC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia, SC have a shorter commute time (24.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.15% of the workforce in Columbia, SC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia, SC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.9%

  3. Walked

    4.09%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia, SC was Drove Alone (80.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.9%) and those who Walked (4.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, SC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia, SC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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