Columbus County, NC

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Population

56,589

0.747% decline

Median Age

41.9


Median Household Income

$36,261

1.15% growth

Poverty Rate

23.6%


Number of Employees

20,496

0.357% growth

Median Property Value

$85,200

0.472% growth

About

In 2017, Columbus County, NC had a population of 56.6k people with a median age of 41.9 and a median household income of $36,261. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbus County, NC declined from 57,015 to 56,589, a -0.747% decrease and its median household income grew from $35,847 to $36,261, a 1.15% increase.

The population of Columbus County, NC is 59.5% White Alone, 30.4% Black or African American Alone, and 5.11% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Columbus County, NC speak a non-English language, and 97.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus County, NC are Southeastern Community College (199722) (330 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Columbus County, NC is $85,200, and the homeownership rate is 70.9%. Most people in Columbus County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus County, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbus County, NC employs 20.5k people. The largest industries in Columbus County, NC are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,809 people), Manufacturing (2,512 people), and Retail Trade (2,389 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,716), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,654), and Transportation & Warehousing ($41,144).

Median household income in Columbus County, NC is $36,261. Males in Columbus County, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,729. The income inequality in Columbus County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,261

2017 value

± $1,778

1.15%

1 Year Growth

± 6.65%

Households in Columbus County, NC have a median annual income of $36,261, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,847 in 2016, which represents a 1.15% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbus County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$59,982

Average Male Salary

± $1,136

$44,729

Average Female Salary

± $812

In 2017, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,267 ± $4,472

  2. White

    $49,962 ± $811

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,539 ± $3,942

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.39% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9308

  2. Census Tract 9303

  3. Census Tract 9302

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus County, NC was Census Tract 9308 with a value of $54,677, followed by Census Tract 9303 and Census Tract 9302, with respective values of $46,786 and $46,393.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbus County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus County, NC (12.7k out of 53.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    6,288 ± 482

  2. White

    5,018 ± 523

  3. Hispanic

    1,118 ± 247

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus County, NC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

20.5k

2017 Value

± 1,024

0.357%

1 Year growth

± 7.01%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus County, NC grew at a rate of 0.357%, from 20.4k employees to 20.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus County, NC, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,172 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,089 people), and Production Occupations (1,956 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus County, NC, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (2,172 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,089 people), and Production Occupations (1,956 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbus County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.5 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.48 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (2 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus County, NC, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($80,221), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,250), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,208).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

20.5k

2017 Value

± 1,024

0.357%

1 Year growth

± 7.01%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus County, NC grew at a rate of 0.357%, from 20.4k employees to 20.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus County, NC, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,809 people), Manufacturing (2,512 people), and Retail Trade (2,389 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Columbus County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus County, NC, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,809 people), Manufacturing (2,512 people), and Retail Trade (2,389 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbus County, NC has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.51 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.14 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.34 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus County, NC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,716), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,654), and Transportation & Warehousing ($41,144).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($35.3B) and Machinery ($34.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.9% of the population of Columbus County, NC has health coverage, with 31.9% on employee plans, 24.4% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.98% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Columbus County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Columbus County, NC see 3150 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.442% decrease from the previous year (3164 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4347 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 843 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,150 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Columbus County, NC see an average of 3,150 patients per year. This represents a 0.442% decrease from the previous year (3,164 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbus County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.1%

Uninsured

31.9%

Employer Coverage

24.4%

Medicaid

15%

Medicare

11.5%

Non-Group

1.98%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus County, NC declined by 4.78% from 15.8% to 15.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus County, NC is home to a population of 56.6k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.15% of Columbus County, NC residents were born outside of the country (1.78k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbus County, NC is composed of 33.7k White Alone residents (59.5%), 17.2k Black or African American Alone residents (30.4%), 2.89k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.11%), 1.91k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.37%), 542 Two or More Races residents (0.958%), 244 Asian Alone residents (0.431%), 106 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.187%), and 8 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0141%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbus County, NC are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 8.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbus County, NC was 41.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Columbus County, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbus County, NC residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.15%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.78k people

2.74%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.56k people

As of 2017, 3.15% of Columbus County, NC residents (1.78k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus County, NC was 2.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    242,756 ± 11,950 people

  2. India

    60,392 ± 6,015 people

  3. Honduras

    34,513 ± 4,553 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 242,756 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 60,392 and Honduras with 34,513.

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Citizenship

97.9%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.9% of Columbus County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus County, NC was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    33.7k ± 127

  2. Black or African American Alone

    17.2k ± 105

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.89k ± 574

In 2017, there were 1.96 times more White Alone residents (33.7k people) in Columbus County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17.2k Black or African American Alone and 2.89k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbus County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Columbus County, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbus County, NC was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Columbus County, NC are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,452 ± 200

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    515 ± 166

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    405 ± 122

Columbus County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbus County, NC awarded 330 degrees. The student population of Columbus County, NC is skewed towards women, with 416 male students and 928 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbus County, NC are White (248 and 75.6%), followed by Black or African American (42 and 12.8%), American Indian or Alaska Native (21 and 6.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (10 and 3.05%).

The largest universities in Columbus County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Southeastern Community College (199722) (330 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbus County, NC are Liberal Arts & Sciences (64 and 19.4%), Registered Nursing (44 and 13.3%), and Information Technology (27 and 8.18%).

The median tuition costs in Columbus County, NC are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Columbus County, NC was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 64 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Columbus County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

330 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbus County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeastern Community College (199722) with 330 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

145

Degrees Awarded to Men

185

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 145 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbus County, NC, which is 0.784 times less than the 185 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbus County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    248 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    42 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    21 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbus County, NC were to White students. These 248 degrees mean that there were 5.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 42 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus County, NC was $85,200 in 2017, which is 0.392 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $84,800 to $85,200, a 0.472% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus County, NC is 70.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus County, NC have an average commute time of 26 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,261

Median Household Income

± $1,778

22.5k

Number of Households

± 1,037

In 2017, the median household income of the 22.5k households in Columbus County, NC grew to $36,261 from the previous year's value of $35,847.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$85,200

2017 Median

± $2,947

$84,800

2016 Median

± $2,877

In 2017, the median property value in Columbus County, NC grew to to $85,200 from the previous year's value of $84,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.9%

2017 Homeownership

69.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.9% of the housing units in Columbus County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

26 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus County, NC have a longer commute time (26 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.88% of the workforce in Columbus County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.54%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus County, NC was Drove Alone (86.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.62%) and those who Worked At Home (1.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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