Covington County, MS

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Population

19,172

1.7% decline

Median Age

37.5


Median Household Income

$36,471

15.1% growth

Poverty Rate

23.1%


Number of Employees

7,377

3.84% growth

Median Property Value

$77,600

7.33% growth

About

In 2017, Covington County, MS had a population of 19.2k people with a median age of 37.5 and a median household income of $36,471. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Covington County, MS declined from 19,503 to 19,172, a -1.7% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,684 to $36,471, a 15.1% increase.

The population of Covington County, MS is 60.7% White Alone, 35.6% Black or African American Alone, and 2.4% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Covington County, MS speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Covington County, MS is $77,600, and the homeownership rate is 81.7%. Most people in Covington County, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Covington County, MS is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Covington County, MS employs 7.38k people. The largest industries in Covington County, MS are Retail Trade (1,241 people), Manufacturing (1,115 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (904 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,637), Information ($70,729), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,942).

Median household income in Covington County, MS is $36,471. Males in Covington County, MS have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $36,636. The income inequality in Covington County, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.442, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,471

2017 value

± $3,535

15.1%

1 Year Growth

± 10.7%

Households in Covington County, MS have a median annual income of $36,471, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,684 in 2016, which represents a 15.1% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Covington County, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

$52,323

Average Male Salary

± $1,698

$36,636

Average Female Salary

± $1,074

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mississippi made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,496 ± $1,341

  2. Asian

    $44,270 ± $11,739

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,514 ± $48,157

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mississippi workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Covington County, MS is from Mississippi.

0.442

2017 Wage GINI

0.446

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.919% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9504

  3. Census Tract 9501

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Covington County, MS was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $45,347, followed by Census Tract 9504 and Census Tract 9501, with respective values of $37,565 and $36,232.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Covington County, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Covington County, MS (4.36k out of 18.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    2,678 ± 365

  2. White

    1,620 ± 333

  3. Hispanic

    88 ± 132

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Covington County, MS is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.38k

2017 Value

± 689

3.84%

1 Year growth

± 12.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Covington County, MS grew at a rate of 3.84%, from 7.1k employees to 7.38k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Covington County, MS, are Sales & Related Occupations (977 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (832 people), and Production Occupations (814 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Covington County, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Covington County, MS, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (977 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (832 people), and Production Occupations (814 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Covington County, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.69 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.9 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Covington County, MS, by median earnings, are Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($85,395), Transportation Occupations ($51,925), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($48,704).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.38k

2017 Value

± 689

3.84%

1 Year growth

± 12.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Covington County, MS grew at a rate of 3.84%, from 7.1k employees to 7.38k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Covington County, MS, are Retail Trade (1,241 people), Manufacturing (1,115 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (904 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Covington County, MS, though some of these residents may live in Covington County, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Covington County, MS, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (1,241 people), Manufacturing (1,115 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (904 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Covington County, MS has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.7 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (3.21 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Covington County, MS, by median earnings, are Utilities ($82,637), Information ($70,729), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,942).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.3B

  2. $23.9B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $46.3B, followed by Textiles/leather ($23.9B) and Mixed freight ($14.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi state.

$206B

2020 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Mississippi trade was $206B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.6B

  2. $18B

  3. $17.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $37.6B, followed by Tennessee with $18B and Louisiana and $17.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.3% of the population of Covington County, MS has health coverage, with 38.4% on employee plans, 22.7% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 0.946% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Covington County, MS was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Covington County, MS see 3257 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.525% increase from the previous year (3240 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3262 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1957 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,257 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Covington County, MS see an average of 3,257 patients per year. This represents a 0.525% increase from the previous year (3,240 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Covington County, MS in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.7%

Uninsured

38.4%

Employer Coverage

22.7%

Medicaid

11.6%

Medicare

10.7%

Non-Group

0.946%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Covington County, MS declined by 1.13% from 15.9% to 15.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Covington County, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Covington County, MS is home to a population of 19.2k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.923% of Covington County, MS residents were born outside of the country (177 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Covington County, MS is composed of 11.6k White Alone residents (60.7%), 6.82k Black or African American Alone residents (35.6%), 460 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.4%), 186 Two or More Races residents (0.97%), 46 Asian Alone residents (0.24%), 19 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0991%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

30

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Covington County, MS was 37.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 30. But people in Covington County, MS are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Covington County, MS residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.923%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

177 people

0.369%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

72 people

As of 2017, 0.923% of Covington County, MS residents (177 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Covington County, MS was 0.369%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Covington County, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    22,332 ± 3,655 people

  2. Vietnam

    4,461 ± 1,639 people

  3. India

    4,072 ± 1,566 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 22,332 Mississippi residents, followed by Vietnam with 4,461 and India with 4,072.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Covington County, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Covington County, MS was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Covington County, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    11.6k ± 20

  2. Black or African American Alone

    6.82k ± 184

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    460 ± 171

In 2017, there were 1.71 times more White Alone residents (11.6k people) in Covington County, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.82k Black or African American Alone and 460 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Covington County, MS as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    312 ± 129

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    152 ± 95

  3. Korea

    99 ± 42

Covington County, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Covington County, MS was $77,600 in 2017, which is 0.338 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $72,300 to $77,600, a 7.33% increase. The homeownership rate in Covington County, MS is 81.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Covington County, MS have an average commute time of 25.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Covington County, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$77,600

2017 Median

± $5,011

$72,300

2016 Median

± $6,118

In 2017, the median property value in Covington County, MS grew to to $77,600 from the previous year's value of $72,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Covington County, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Covington County, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$36,471

Median Household Income

± $3,535

6.92k

Number of Households

± 632

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.92k households in Covington County, MS grew to $36,471 from the previous year's value of $31,684.

The following chart displays the households in Covington County, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Covington County, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Covington County, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

81.7%

2017 Homeownership

82.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 81.7% of the housing units in Covington County, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 82.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Covington County, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Covington County, MS have a longer commute time (25.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.26% of the workforce in Covington County, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Covington County, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.5%

  2. Carpooled

    16.1%

  3. Other

    1.25%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Covington County, MS was Drove Alone (80.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (16.1%) and those who Other (1.25%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Covington County, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Covington County, MS have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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