Custer County, CO

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Population

4,505

2.97% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Median Age

58.2


Median Household Income

$41,330

7.06% growth

Number of Employees

1,389

4.28% growth

Median Property Value

$248,300

7.63% growth

About

In 2017, Custer County, CO had a population of 4.51k people with a median age of 58.2 and a median household income of $41,330. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Custer County, CO grew from 4,375 to 4,505, a 2.97% increase and its median household income grew from $38,605 to $41,330, a 7.06% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, CO are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.7%), White (Hispanic) (3.49%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.49%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.22%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.954%). N/A% of the people in Custer County, CO speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Custer County, CO is $248,300, and the homeownership rate is 81.9%. Most people in Custer County, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Custer County, CO is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Colorado, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Colorado (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Colorado across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Custer County, CO employs 1.39k people. The largest industries in Custer County, CO are Construction (282 people), Retail Trade (137 people), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (134 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($96,127), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($95,490), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($95,288).

Median household income in Custer County, CO is $41,330. Males in Custer County, CO have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,692. The income inequality in Custer County, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,330

2017 value

± $3,601

7.06%

1 Year Growth

± 14%

Households in Custer County, CO have a median annual income of $41,330, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,605 in 2016, which represents a 7.06% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Custer County, CO compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$68,531

Average Male Salary

± $1,541

$51,692

Average Female Salary

± $1,226

In 2017, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $54,772 ± $5,354

  2. White

    $54,520 ± $998

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $47,825 ± $27,111

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Custer County, CO is from Colorado.

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0949% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9701

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Custer County, CO was Census Tract 9701 with a value of $41,330, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Custer County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Custer County, CO (693 out of 4.42k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 65 - 74 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    619 ± 162

  2. Black

    37 ± 70

  3. Two Or More

    34 ± 67

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Custer County, CO is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.39k

2017 Value

± 254

4.28%

1 Year growth

± 23.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Custer County, CO grew at a rate of 4.28%, from 1.33k employees to 1.39k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Custer County, CO, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (262 people), Management Occupations (199 people), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (118 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Custer County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Custer County, CO, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (262 people), Management Occupations (199 people), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (118 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.02 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (3.79 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (2.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Custer County, CO, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($69,250), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($66,875), and Management Occupations ($66,838).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.39k

2017 Value

± 254

4.28%

1 Year growth

± 23.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Custer County, CO grew at a rate of 4.28%, from 1.33k employees to 1.39k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Custer County, CO, are Construction (282 people), Retail Trade (137 people), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (134 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Custer County, CO, though some of these residents may live in Custer County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Custer County, CO, by number of employees, are Construction (282 people), Retail Trade (137 people), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (134 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, CO has an unusually high number of Utilities (4.94 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.29 times), and Construction (3.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Custer County, CO, by median earnings, are Utilities ($96,127), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($95,490), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($95,288).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35B

  2. $24.9B

  3. $18.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $35B, followed by Mixed freight ($24.9B) and Electronics ($18.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$229B

2020 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

37.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $229B. This is expected to increase 37.2% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.9B

  2. $10.6B

  3. $8.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $13.9B, followed by Nebraska with $10.6B and California and $8.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88% of the population of Custer County, CO has health coverage, with 15.7% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 24.8% on Medicare, 23% on non-group plans, and 3.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Custer County, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in Custer County, CO see 2222 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.93% increase from the previous year (2180 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 0 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2301 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,222 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Custer County, CO see an average of 2,222 patients per year. This represents a 1.93% increase from the previous year (2,180 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Custer County, CO in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12%

Uninsured

15.7%

Employer Coverage

20.9%

Medicaid

24.8%

Medicare

23%

Non-Group

3.7%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Custer County, CO declined by 28% from 16.7% to 12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Custer County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Custer County, CO is home to a population of 4.51k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.11% of Custer County, CO residents were born outside of the country (95 people).

In 2017, there were 25.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (4.04k people) in Custer County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 157 White (Hispanic) and 112 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

58

Median Native-Born Age

± 3

61

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 11.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Custer County, CO was 58.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 58, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 61. But people in Custer County, CO are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Custer County, CO residents was 57.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.11%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

95 people

2.33%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

102 people

As of 2017, 2.11% of Custer County, CO residents (95 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Custer County, CO was 2.33%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Custer County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    230,780 ± 11,541 people

  2. India

    19,019 ± 3,380 people

  3. Vietnam

    17,347 ± 3,228 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 230,780 Colorado residents, followed by India with 19,019 and Vietnam with 17,347.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Custer County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Custer County, CO was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Custer County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, CO

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    4.04k ± 146

  2. White (Hispanic)

    157 ± 83

  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    112 ± 80

In 2017, there were 25.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (4.04k people) in Custer County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 157 White (Hispanic) and 112 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Custer County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    399 ± 159

  2. Korea

    39 ± 54

  3. World War II

    27 ± 29

Custer County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 10.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Custer County, CO was $248,300 in 2017, which is 1.08 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $230,700 to $248,300, a 7.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Custer County, CO is 81.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Custer County, CO have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Custer County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$248,300

2017 Median

± $27,950

$230,700

2016 Median

± $28,158

In 2017, the median property value in Custer County, CO grew to to $248,300 from the previous year's value of $230,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Custer County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,330

Median Household Income

± $3,601

2.09k

Number of Households

± 284

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.09k households in Custer County, CO grew to $41,330 from the previous year's value of $38,605.

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Custer County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

81.9%

2017 Homeownership

80.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 81.9% of the housing units in Custer County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 80.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Custer County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Custer County, CO have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 11.4% of the workforce in Custer County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Custer County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    66%

  2. Worked At Home

    19.6%

  3. Carpooled

    11.5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Custer County, CO was Drove Alone (66%), followed by those who Worked At Home (19.6%) and those who Carpooled (11.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Custer County, CO have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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