Dayton, TN

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Population

32,478

0.0524% growth

Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$39,368

2.64% growth

Poverty Rate

21.9%


Number of Employees

13,341

0.833% decline

Median Property Value

$114,200

5.64% growth

About

In 2017, Dayton, TN had a population of 32.5k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $39,368. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dayton, TN grew from 32,461 to 32,478, a 0.0524% increase and its median household income grew from $38,355 to $39,368, a 2.64% increase.

The population of Dayton, TN is 91% White Alone, 4.62% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.2% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Dayton, TN speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dayton, TN are Bryan College-Dayton (342 degrees awarded in 2016) and Oxford Graduate School (13 degrees).

The median property value in Dayton, TN is $114,200, and the homeownership rate is 70.5%. Most people in Dayton, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Dayton, TN is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: City at night

Economy

The economy of Dayton, TN employs 13.3k people. The largest industries in Dayton, TN are Manufacturing (2,941 people), Retail Trade (1,515 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,312 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,861), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($67,665), and Information ($43,672).

Median household income in Dayton, TN is $39,368. Males in Dayton, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Dayton, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,368

2017 value

± $2,581

2.64%

1 Year Growth

± 10.8%

Households in Dayton, TN have a median annual income of $39,368, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,355 in 2016, which represents a 2.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dayton, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dayton, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dayton, TN was Williamson County, TN with a value of $105,622, followed by Wilson County, TN and Rutherford County, TN, with respective values of $69,959 and $68,514.

The following map shows all of the counties in Dayton, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dayton, TN (6.85k out of 31.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 45 - 54 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    6,251 ± 573

  2. Hispanic

    742 ± 185

  3. Two Or More

    257 ± 161

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dayton, TN is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

13.3k

2017 Value

± 870

-0.833%

1 Year decline

± 9.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dayton, TN declined at a rate of -0.833%, from 13.5k employees to 13.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dayton, TN, are Production Occupations (2,146 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,468 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,150 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dayton, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dayton, TN, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,146 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,468 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,150 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dayton, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.77 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.55 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.07 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dayton, TN, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($75,694), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($57,083), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($55,833).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

13.3k

2017 Value

± 870

-0.833%

1 Year decline

± 9.18%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dayton, TN declined at a rate of -0.833%, from 13.5k employees to 13.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dayton, TN, are Manufacturing (2,941 people), Retail Trade (1,515 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,312 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dayton, TN, though some of these residents may live in Dayton, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dayton, TN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,941 people), Retail Trade (1,515 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,312 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dayton, TN has an unusually high number of Utilities (7.67 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.18 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.08 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dayton, TN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($71,861), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($67,665), and Information ($43,672).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $33.7B

  2. $31.1B

  3. $26.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $33.7B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.1B) and Mixed freight ($26.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$333B

2015 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

57.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Tennessee trade was $333B. This is expected to increase 57.7% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.6B

  2. $17.3B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $27.6B, followed by Texas with $17.3B and Georgia and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Dayton, TN has health coverage, with 39.6% on employee plans, 23.4% on Medicaid, 14.2% on Medicare, 10.2% on non-group plans, and 1.69% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Dayton, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Dayton, TN see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1,380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

39.6%

Employer Coverage

23.4%

Medicaid

14.2%

Medicare

10.2%

Non-Group

1.69%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dayton, TN grew by 3.94% from 10.5% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dayton, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dayton, TN is home to a population of 32.5k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.64% of Dayton, TN residents were born outside of the country (856 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dayton, TN is composed of 29.6k White Alone residents (91%), 1.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.62%), 715 Black or African American Alone residents (2.2%), 525 Two or More Races residents (1.62%), 130 Asian Alone residents (0.4%), 48 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.148%), 7 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0216%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dayton, TN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dayton, TN was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Dayton, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dayton, TN residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.64%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

856 people

2.37%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

768 people

As of 2017, 2.64% of Dayton, TN residents (856 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dayton, TN was 2.37%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dayton, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Dayton, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dayton, TN was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dayton, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    29.6k ± 12

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.5k ± 250

  3. Black or African American Alone

    715 ± 106

In 2017, there were 19.7 times more White Alone residents (29.6k people) in Dayton, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.5k Hispanic or Latino and 715 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dayton, TN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dayton, TN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dayton, TN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dayton, TN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,054 ± 176

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    305 ± 132

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    233 ± 123

Dayton, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.46 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dayton, TN awarded 355 degrees. The student population of Dayton, TN is skewed towards women, with 736 male students and 834 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dayton, TN are White (309 and 88.3%), followed by Black or African American (23 and 6.57%), Two or More Races (6 and 1.71%), and Hispanic or Latino (4 and 1.14%).

The largest universities in Dayton, TN by number of degrees awarded are Bryan College-Dayton (342 and 96.3%) and Oxford Graduate School (13 and 3.66%).

The most popular majors in Dayton, TN are General Business Administration & Management (212 and 59.7%), General Psychology (26 and 7.32%), and Speech Communication & Rhetoric (15 and 4.23%).

The median tuition costs in Dayton, TN are $24,450 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 15 degrees awarded

  2. 143 degrees awarded

  3. 26 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Dayton, TN was Kinesiology & Exercise Science with 15 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Dayton, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 342 degrees awarded

  2. 13 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$24,450

Median Private

In 2016, the Dayton, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bryan College-Dayton with 342 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

161

Degrees Awarded to Men

194

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 161 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dayton, TN, which is 0.83 times less than the 194 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Dayton, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    309 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    23 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    6 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dayton, TN were to White students. These 309 degrees mean that there were 13.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 23 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dayton, TN was $114,200 in 2017, which is 0.525 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $108,100 to $114,200, a 5.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Dayton, TN is 70.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dayton, TN have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dayton, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,368

Median Household Income

± $2,581

12.6k

Number of Households

± 796

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.6k households in Dayton, TN grew to $39,368 from the previous year's value of $38,355.

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$114,200

2017 Median

± $8,810

$108,100

2016 Median

± $7,444

In 2017, the median property value in Dayton, TN grew to to $114,200 from the previous year's value of $108,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dayton, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dayton, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.5%

2017 Homeownership

70.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.5% of the housing units in Dayton, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dayton, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dayton, TN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dayton, TN have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.06% of the workforce in Dayton, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dayton, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.9%

  2. Carpooled

    14%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.46%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dayton, TN was Drove Alone (79.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (14%) and those who Worked At Home (3.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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