Decatur County, IA

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Population

8,105

1.28% decline

Median Age

36.5


Median Household Income

$41,042

6.69% growth

Poverty Rate

19.1%


Number of Employees

3,780

2.33% growth

Median Property Value

$76,300

3.66% decline

About

In 2017, Decatur County, IA had a population of 8.11k people with a median age of 36.5 and a median household income of $41,042. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Decatur County, IA declined from 8,210 to 8,105, a -1.28% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,467 to $41,042, a 6.69% increase.

The population of Decatur County, IA is 93.2% White Alone, 2.68% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.67% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Decatur County, IA speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Decatur County, IA are Graceland University-Lamoni (695 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Decatur County, IA is $76,300, and the homeownership rate is 66.4%. Most people in Decatur County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Decatur County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Decatur County, IA employs 3.78k people. The largest industries in Decatur County, IA are Educational Services (890 people), Retail Trade (427 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (414 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($61,500), Utilities ($51,250), and Public Administration ($38,472).

Median household income in Decatur County, IA is $41,042. Males in Decatur County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Decatur County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,042

2017 value

± $3,857

6.69%

1 Year Growth

± 11.5%

Households in Decatur County, IA have a median annual income of $41,042, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,467 in 2016, which represents a 6.69% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Decatur County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Decatur County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9601

  2. Census Tract 9603

  3. Census Tract 9602

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Decatur County, IA was Census Tract 9601 with a value of $42,742, followed by Census Tract 9603 and Census Tract 9602, with respective values of $36,719 and $36,037.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Decatur County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Decatur County, IA (1.4k out of 7.35k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,343 ± 165

  2. Hispanic

    47 ± 69

  3. Native American

    24 ± 66

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Decatur County, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.78k

2017 Value

± 263

2.33%

1 Year growth

± 9.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur County, IA grew at a rate of 2.33%, from 3.69k employees to 3.78k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Decatur County, IA, are Management Occupations (463 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (441 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (323 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Decatur County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Decatur County, IA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (463 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (441 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (323 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Decatur County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.88 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.83 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Decatur County, IA, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($53,906), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($51,750), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($51,146).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.78k

2017 Value

± 263

2.33%

1 Year growth

± 9.57%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur County, IA grew at a rate of 2.33%, from 3.69k employees to 3.78k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Decatur County, IA, are Educational Services (890 people), Retail Trade (427 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (414 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Decatur County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Decatur County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Decatur County, IA, by number of employees, are Educational Services (890 people), Retail Trade (427 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (414 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Decatur County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.12 times higher than expected), Educational Services (2.54 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.55 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Decatur County, IA, by median earnings, are Information ($61,500), Utilities ($51,250), and Public Administration ($38,472).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.9% of the population of Decatur County, IA has health coverage, with 37.1% on employee plans, 21.8% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 15.1% on non-group plans, and 1.34% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Decatur County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Decatur County, IA see 2740 patients per year on average, which represents a 32.6% increase from the previous year (2066 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1357 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,740 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Decatur County, IA see an average of 2,740 patients per year. This represents a 32.6% increase from the previous year (2,066 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Decatur County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.1%

Uninsured

37.1%

Employer Coverage

21.8%

Medicaid

12.5%

Medicare

15.1%

Non-Group

1.34%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Decatur County, IA declined by 5.4% from 12.8% to 12.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Decatur County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Decatur County, IA is home to a population of 8.11k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.13% of Decatur County, IA residents were born outside of the country (173 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Decatur County, IA is composed of 7.55k White Alone residents (93.2%), 217 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.68%), 135 Black or African American Alone residents (1.67%), 115 Two or More Races residents (1.42%), 50 Asian Alone residents (0.617%), 24 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.296%), 14 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.173%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Decatur County, IA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

29

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 17.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Decatur County, IA was 36.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 29. But people in Decatur County, IA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Decatur County, IA residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.13%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

173 people

1.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

141 people

As of 2017, 2.13% of Decatur County, IA residents (173 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Decatur County, IA was 1.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Decatur County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Decatur County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Decatur County, IA was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Decatur County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.55k ± 13

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    217 ± 39.6

  3. Black or African American Alone

    135 ± 39

In 2017, there were 34.8 times more White Alone residents (7.55k people) in Decatur County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 217 Hispanic or Latino and 135 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Decatur County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Decatur County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Decatur County, IA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Decatur County, IA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    229 ± 56

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    58 ± 39

  3. Korea

    50 ± 25

Decatur County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Decatur County, IA awarded 695 degrees. The student population of Decatur County, IA is skewed towards women, with 713 male students and 1,520 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Decatur County, IA are White (502 and 74.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (55 and 8.17%), Black or African American (42 and 6.24%), and Unknown (39 and 5.79%).

The largest universities in Decatur County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Graceland University-Lamoni (695 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Decatur County, IA are Family Practice Nurse (176 and 25.3%), Registered Nursing (102 and 14.7%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (69 and 9.93%).

The median tuition costs in Decatur County, IA are $26,440 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 45 degrees awarded

  2. 102 degrees awarded

  3. 69 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Decatur County, IA was General Business Administration & Management with 45 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Decatur County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

695 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$26,440

Median Private

In 2016, the Decatur County, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Graceland University-Lamoni with 695 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

188

Degrees Awarded to Men

507

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 188 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Decatur County, IA, which is 0.371 times less than the 507 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Decatur County, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    502 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    55 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    42 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Decatur County, IA were to White students. These 502 degrees mean that there were 9.13 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 55 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Decatur County, IA was $76,300 in 2017, which is 0.351 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $79,200 to $76,300, a 3.66% decrease. The homeownership rate in Decatur County, IA is 66.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Decatur County, IA have an average commute time of 22.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Decatur County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,042

Median Household Income

± $3,857

3.17k

Number of Households

± 231

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.17k households in Decatur County, IA grew to $41,042 from the previous year's value of $38,467.

The following chart displays the households in Decatur County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$76,300

2017 Median

± $5,350

$79,200

2016 Median

± $4,615

In 2017, the median property value in Decatur County, IA declined from to $76,300 from the previous year's value of $79,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Decatur County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Decatur County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.4%

2017 Homeownership

65.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.4% of the housing units in Decatur County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Decatur County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Decatur County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Decatur County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Decatur County, IA have a shorter commute time (22.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 5.12% of the workforce in Decatur County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Decatur County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    66%

  2. Carpooled

    13.7%

  3. Walked

    11.5%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Decatur County, IA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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