Des Moines City PUMA, IA

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Population

201,421

0.602% growth

Median Age

33.9


Median Household Income

$48,962

3.76% growth

Poverty Rate

18.4%


Number of Employees

99,455

2.37% growth

Median Property Value

$121,100

2.8% growth

About

In 2017, Des Moines City PUMA, IA had a population of 201k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $48,962. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Des Moines City PUMA, IA grew from 200,216 to 201,421, a 0.602% increase and its median household income grew from $47,187 to $48,962, a 3.76% increase.

The population of Des Moines City PUMA, IA is 66.5% White Alone, 13.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 10.9% Black or African American Alone. 17.2% of the people in Des Moines City PUMA, IA speak a non-English language, and 92.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are Drake University (1,505 degrees awarded in 2016), Grand View University (645 degrees), and Des Moines University-Osteopathic Medical Center (479 degrees).

The median property value in Des Moines City PUMA, IA is $121,100, and the homeownership rate is 58.6%. Most people in Des Moines City PUMA, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Des Moines City PUMA, IA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Iowa State Capitol Building at night. The Capitol grounds overlooks the city from a very large hill and is part of the East Village area.

Economy

The economy of Des Moines City PUMA, IA employs 99.5k people. The largest industries in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are Restaurants & Food Services (7,704 people), Construction (5,603 people), and Insurance carriers & related activities (4,864 people), and the highest paying industries are Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing ($180,170), Legal services ($94,202), and Hardware, & plumbing & heating equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($89,683).

Median household income in Des Moines City PUMA, IA is $48,962. Males in Des Moines City PUMA, IA have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,511. The income inequality in Des Moines City PUMA, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.431, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,962

2017 value

± $1,205

3.76%

1 Year Growth

± 3.18%

Households in Des Moines City PUMA, IA have a median annual income of $48,962, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,187 in 2016, which represents a 3.76% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Des Moines City PUMA, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$51,421

Average Male Salary

± $6,019

$41,511

Average Female Salary

± $4,527

In 2017, full-time male employees in Des Moines City PUMA, IA made 1.24 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Des Moines City PUMA, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $64,269 ± $76,072

  2. White

    $42,540 ± $3,981

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,910 ± $28,291

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Des Moines City PUMA, IA workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.51 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Des Moines City PUMA, IA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.431

2017 Wage GINI

0.436

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was 0.431 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.07% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Des Moines City PUMA, IA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Des Moines City PUMA, IA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Des Moines City PUMA, IA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was West Des Moines & Urbandale Cities PUMA, IA with a value of $86,712, followed by Ankeny & Altoona Cities PUMA, IA and Cedar Rapids City PUMA, IA, with respective values of $78,535 and $63,149.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Des Moines City PUMA, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Des Moines City PUMA, IA (36.1k out of 196k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    21,907 ± 994

  2. Black

    7,460 ± 640

  3. Hispanic

    6,799 ± 595

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Des Moines City PUMA, IA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

99.5k

2017 Value

2.37%

1 Year growth

± 2.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Des Moines City PUMA, IA grew at a rate of 2.37%, from 97.2k employees to 99.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Des Moines City PUMA, IA, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,766 people), Cashiers (2,620 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,409 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Des Moines City PUMA, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Des Moines City PUMA, IA, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,766 people), Cashiers (2,620 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (2,409 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Des Moines City PUMA, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Tire builders (32.5 times higher than expected), Loan interviewers & clerks (11.1 times), and Coin, vending, & amusement machine servicers & repairers (9.79 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Des Moines City PUMA, IA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($217,138), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($146,233), and Pharmacists ($132,899).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

99.5k

2017 Value

2.37%

1 Year growth

± 2.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Des Moines City PUMA, IA grew at a rate of 2.37%, from 97.2k employees to 99.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Des Moines City PUMA, IA, are Restaurants & Food Services (7,704 people), Construction (5,603 people), and Insurance carriers & related activities (4,864 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Des Moines City PUMA, IA, though some of these residents may live in Des Moines City PUMA, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Des Moines City PUMA, IA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (7,704 people), Construction (5,603 people), and Insurance carriers & related activities (4,864 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Des Moines City PUMA, IA has an unusually high number of Tire manufacturing (21.3 times higher than expected), Agricultural implement manufacturing (9.96 times), and Agricultural chemical manufacturing (8.44 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Des Moines City PUMA, IA, by average salary, are Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing ($180,170), Legal services ($94,202), and Hardware, & plumbing & heating equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($89,683).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery with $18.8B and Other ag prods. and $18.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Des Moines City PUMA, IA has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Des Moines City PUMA, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Des Moines City PUMA, IA see 1363 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 756 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

1,363 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,363 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Des Moines City PUMA, IA N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Des Moines City PUMA, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Des Moines City PUMA, IA is home to a population of 201k people, from which 92.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Des Moines City PUMA, IA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Des Moines City PUMA, IA is composed of 134k White Alone residents (66.5%), 26.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.1%), 21.9k Black or African American Alone residents (10.9%), 11.4k Asian Alone residents (5.64%), 6.77k Two or More Races residents (3.36%), 507 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.252%), 458 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.227%), and 150 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0745%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (16,568 speakers), African Languages (2,441 speakers), and Vietnamese (2,093 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was 33.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Des Moines City PUMA, IA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

12.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Des Moines City PUMA, IA residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was 12.2%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Des Moines City PUMA, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    7,628 ± 2,103 people

  2. Vietnam

    1,765 ± 1,027 people

  3. Laos

    1,460 ± 935 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Des Moines City PUMA, IA was Mexico, the natal country of 7,628 Des Moines City PUMA, IA residents, followed by Vietnam with 1,765 and Laos with 1,460.

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Citizenship

92.1%

2017 Citizenship

92.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.1% of Des Moines City PUMA, IA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was 92.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Des Moines City PUMA, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    134k ± 1.4k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    26.4k ± 1.7k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    21.9k ± 1.02k

In 2017, there were 5.07 times more White Alone residents (134k people) in Des Moines City PUMA, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.4k Hispanic or Latino and 21.9k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Des Moines City PUMA, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    16,568 speakers (9.18%)

  2. African Languages

    2,441 speakers (1.35%)

  3. Vietnamese

    2,093 speakers (1.16%)

17.2% of Des Moines City PUMA, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 9.18% of the overall population of Des Moines City PUMA, IA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.35% speak African Languages and 1.16% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,165 ± 261

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,761 ± 287

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,003 ± 166

Des Moines City PUMA, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Des Moines City PUMA, IA awarded 3,027 degrees. The student population of Des Moines City PUMA, IA is skewed towards women, with 3,832 male students and 5,644 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are White (2,416 and 82.6%), followed by Black or African American (137 and 4.68%), Asian (128 and 4.37%), and Unknown (93 and 3.18%).

The largest universities in Des Moines City PUMA, IA by number of degrees awarded are Drake University (1,505 and 49.7%), Grand View University (645 and 21.3%), and Des Moines University-Osteopathic Medical Center (479 and 15.8%).

The most popular majors in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are Registered Nursing (252 and 8.33%), Osteopathic Medicine (213 and 7.04%), and Pharmacy (107 and 3.53%).

The median tuition costs in Des Moines City PUMA, IA are $24,794 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 90 degrees awarded

  2. 78 degrees awarded

  3. 154 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was General Marketing & Marketing Management with 90 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Des Moines City PUMA, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,505 degrees awarded

  2. 645 degrees awarded

  3. 479 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$24,794

Median Private

In 2016, the Des Moines City PUMA, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Drake University with 1,505 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,205

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,822

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,205 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Des Moines City PUMA, IA, which is 0.661 times less than the 1,822 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Des Moines City PUMA, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,416 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    137 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    128 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Des Moines City PUMA, IA were to White students. These 2,416 degrees mean that there were 17.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 137 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was $121,100 in 2017, which is 0.557 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $117,800 to $121,100, a 2.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Des Moines City PUMA, IA is 58.6%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Des Moines City PUMA, IA have an average commute time of 18.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Des Moines City PUMA, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,962

Median Household Income

± $1,205

79.2k

Number of Households

± 1,757

In 2017, the median household income of the 79.2k households in Des Moines City PUMA, IA grew to $48,962 from the previous year's value of $47,187.

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines City PUMA, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$121,100

2017 Median

± $1,636

$117,800

2016 Median

± $1,299

In 2017, the median property value in Des Moines City PUMA, IA grew to to $121,100 from the previous year's value of $117,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Des Moines City PUMA, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Des Moines City PUMA, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Des Moines City PUMA, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Des Moines City PUMA, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

58.6%

2017 Homeownership

58.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58.6% of the housing units in Des Moines City PUMA, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Des Moines City PUMA, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines City PUMA, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Des Moines City PUMA, IA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Des Moines City PUMA, IA have a shorter commute time (18.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.957% of the workforce in Des Moines City PUMA, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Des Moines City PUMA, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.2%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Des Moines City PUMA, IA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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