Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI

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Population

129,895

0.00924% growth

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$25,480

6.96% growth

Poverty Rate

39.8%


Number of Employees

46,455

5.11% growth

Median Property Value

$57,900

4.32% growth

About

In 2017, Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI had a population of 130k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $25,480. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew from 129,883 to 129,895, a 0.00924% increase and its median household income grew from $23,822 to $25,480, a 6.96% increase.

The population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is 77.1% Black or African American Alone, 16.9% White Alone, and 2.24% Asian Alone. 5.05% of the people in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI speak a non-English language, and 97.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Wayne State University (6,162 degrees awarded in 2016), Wayne County Community College District (2,202 degrees), and College for Creative Studies (309 degrees).

The median property value in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is $57,900, and the homeownership rate is 31.3%. Most people in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24 minutes. The average car ownership in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is 1 car per household.

Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI borders Detroit City (Southwest) PUMA, MI and I-94 Corridor PUMA, MI.

Economy

The economy of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI employs 46.5k people. The largest industries in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Restaurants & Food Services (4,096 people), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,634 people), and Hospitals (2,801 people), and the highest paying industries are Legal services ($96,144), Offices of physicians ($95,289), and Car Dealers ($90,660).

Median household income in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is $25,480. Males in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,616. The income inequality in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$25,480

2017 value

± $1,048

6.96%

1 Year Growth

± 5.45%

Households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have a median annual income of $25,480, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $23,822 in 2016, which represents a 6.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$48,581

Average Male Salary

± $9,640

$40,616

Average Female Salary

± $6,061

In 2017, full-time male employees in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI made 1.2 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $49,681 ± $11,895

  2. Asian

    $46,342 ± $28,748

  3. Other

    $33,096 ± $36,659

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI workers was White. These workers were paid 1.07 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.47

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.324% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was Birmingham & Bloomfield Area PUMA, MI with a value of $112,116, followed by Oakland County (Northeast) PUMA, MI and Troy & Rochester Area PUMA, MI, with respective values of $95,855 and $94,911.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

39.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI (49.7k out of 125k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    41,682 ± 1,396

  2. White

    5,987 ± 513

  3. Asian

    897 ± 257

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is Black, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

46.5k

2017 Value

5.11%

1 Year growth

± 5.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 5.11%, from 44.2k employees to 46.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, are Cashiers (1,635 people), Cooks (1,437 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,404 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,635 people), Cooks (1,437 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,404 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous life, physical, & social science technicians, including social science research assistants (4.89 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous community & social service specialists, including health educators & community health workers (4.51 times), and Mechanical engineers (3.84 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Chief executives & legislators ($189,221), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($123,314), and Physicians & surgeons ($96,393).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

46.5k

2017 Value

5.11%

1 Year growth

± 5.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew at a rate of 5.11%, from 44.2k employees to 46.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,096 people), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,634 people), and Hospitals (2,801 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, though some of these residents may live in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,096 people), Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (3,634 people), and Hospitals (2,801 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI has an unusually high number of Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (8.54 times higher than expected), Nondepository credit & related activities (5.04 times), and Beer, wine, & liquor stores (4.61 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, by average salary, are Legal services ($96,144), Offices of physicians ($95,289), and Car Dealers ($90,660).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.3% of the population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI has health coverage, with 31.5% on employee plans, 37% on Medicaid, 9.4% on Medicare, 8.9% on non-group plans, and 1.6% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.7%

Uninsured

31.5%

Employer Coverage

37%

Medicaid

9.4%

Medicare

8.9%

Non-Group

1.6%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 11.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is home to a population of 130k people, from which 97.9% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is composed of 100k Black or African American Alone residents (77.1%), 21.9k White Alone residents (16.9%), 2.91k Asian Alone residents (2.24%), 2.31k Two or More Races residents (1.77%), 2.13k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.64%), 229 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.176%), 227 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.175%), and 15 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0115%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Spanish (1,747 speakers), Arabic (544 speakers), and Hindi (484 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

2.94%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.81k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 2.94%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    569 ± 584 people

  2. Nigeria

    288 ± 416 people

  3. China

    204 ± 350 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was India, the natal country of 569 Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents, followed by Nigeria with 288 and China with 204.

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Citizenship

97.9%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.9% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    100k ± 1.96k

  2. White Alone

    21.9k ± 1.01k

  3. Asian Alone

    2.91k ± 469

In 2017, there were 4.57 times more Black or African American Alone residents (100k people) in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.9k White Alone and 2.91k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,747 speakers (1.43%)

  2. Arabic

    544 speakers (0.446%)

  3. Hindi

    484 speakers (0.397%)

5.05% of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was Spanish. 1.43% of the overall population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are native Spanish speakers. 0.446% speak Arabic and 0.397% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,370 ± 324

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    671 ± 143

  3. Korea

    502 ± 118

Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.53 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI awarded 8,890 degrees. The student population of Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is skewed towards women, with 18,951 male students and 26,665 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are White (4,188 and 51.1%), followed by Black or African American (2,580 and 31.5%), Asian (449 and 5.47%), and Unknown (445 and 5.43%).

The largest universities in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI by number of degrees awarded are Wayne State University (6,162 and 69.3%), Wayne County Community College District (2,202 and 24.8%), and College for Creative Studies (309 and 3.48%).

The most popular majors in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,457 and 16.4%), Social Work (486 and 5.47%), and General Psychology (404 and 4.54%).

The median tuition costs in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI are $39,450 for private four year colleges, and $11,821 and $27,133 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 384 degrees awarded

  2. 186 degrees awarded

  3. 129 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was General Psychology with 384 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,162 degrees awarded

  2. 2,202 degrees awarded

  3. 309 degrees awarded

$11,821

Median In-State Public

$39,450

Median Private

In 2016, the Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wayne State University with 6,162 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,506

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,384

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,506 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI, which is 0.651 times less than the 5,384 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,188 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,580 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    449 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI were to White students. These 4,188 degrees mean that there were 1.62 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,580 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was $57,900 in 2017, which is 0.266 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $55,500 to $57,900, a 4.32% increase. The homeownership rate in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is 31.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$25,480

Median Household Income

± $1,048

58.9k

Number of Households

± 1,432

In 2017, the median household income of the 58.9k households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew to $25,480 from the previous year's value of $23,822.

The following chart displays the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$57,900

2017 Median

± $2,308

$55,500

2016 Median

± $2,419

In 2017, the median property value in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI grew to to $57,900 from the previous year's value of $55,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

31.3%

2017 Homeownership

31%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 31.3% of the housing units in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 31%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

24 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.93% of the workforce in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    64.6%

  2. Public Transit

    9.68%

  3. Walked

    8.83%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Detroit City (South Central & Southeast) PUMA, MI was Drove Alone (64.6%), followed by those who Public Transit (9.68%) and those who Walked (8.83%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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