Dubuque, IA

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Population

96,571

0.22% growth

Median Age

38.6


Median Household Income

$59,150

5.34% growth

Poverty Rate

11.9%


Number of Employees

50,779

0.0335% decline

Median Property Value

$157,200

2.75% growth

About

In 2017, Dubuque, IA had a population of 96.6k people with a median age of 38.6 and a median household income of $59,150. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dubuque, IA grew from 96,359 to 96,571, a 0.22% increase and its median household income grew from $56,154 to $59,150, a 5.34% increase.

The population of Dubuque, IA is 91.4% White Alone, 2.84% Black or African American Alone, and 2.31% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Dubuque, IA speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dubuque, IA are University of Dubuque (534 degrees awarded in 2016), Loras College (433 degrees), and Clarke University (328 degrees).

The median property value in Dubuque, IA is $157,200, and the homeownership rate is 72.2%. Most people in Dubuque, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 15.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Dubuque, IA is 2 cars per household.

Dubuque, IA borders Cedar Rapids, IA and Platteville, WI.

Economy

The economy of Dubuque, IA employs 50.8k people. The largest industries in Dubuque, IA are Manufacturing (8,565 people), Retail Trade (6,860 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (6,725 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,844), Public Administration ($56,832), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,938).

Median household income in Dubuque, IA is $59,150. Males in Dubuque, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Dubuque, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,150

2017 value

± $1,287

5.34%

1 Year Growth

± 3.33%

Households in Dubuque, IA have a median annual income of $59,150, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,154 in 2016, which represents a 5.34% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dubuque, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dubuque, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dubuque, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $88,561, followed by Polk County, IA and Linn County, IA, with respective values of $65,995 and $63,149.

The following map shows all of the counties in Dubuque, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dubuque, IA (11.1k out of 92.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,467 ± 558

  2. Black

    1,442 ± 263

  3. Hispanic

    635 ± 144

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dubuque, IA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50.8k

2017 Value

± 1,227

-0.0335%

1 Year decline

± 3.36%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dubuque, IA declined at a rate of -0.0335%, from 50.8k employees to 50.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dubuque, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,150 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,407 people), and Management Occupations (4,672 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dubuque, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dubuque, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,150 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,407 people), and Management Occupations (4,672 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dubuque, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.61 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.4 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dubuque, IA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,020), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($72,222), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,918).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50.8k

2017 Value

± 1,227

-0.0335%

1 Year decline

± 3.36%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dubuque, IA declined at a rate of -0.0335%, from 50.8k employees to 50.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dubuque, IA, are Manufacturing (8,565 people), Retail Trade (6,860 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (6,725 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dubuque, IA, though some of these residents may live in Dubuque, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dubuque, IA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (8,565 people), Retail Trade (6,860 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (6,725 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dubuque, IA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.67 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.56 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.42 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dubuque, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,844), Public Administration ($56,832), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,938).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.7% of the population of Dubuque, IA has health coverage, with 58.5% on employee plans, 11.1% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 0.97% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Dubuque, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Dubuque, IA see 1363 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 756 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

1,363 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,363 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.32%

Uninsured

58.5%

Employer Coverage

11.1%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

0.97%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dubuque, IA declined by 9.64% from 4.78% to 4.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dubuque, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dubuque, IA is home to a population of 96.6k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.64% of Dubuque, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.55k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dubuque, IA is composed of 88.3k White Alone residents (91.4%), 2.75k Black or African American Alone residents (2.84%), 2.23k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.31%), 1.6k Two or More Races residents (1.66%), 1.21k Asian Alone residents (1.25%), 357 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.37%), 122 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.126%), and 28 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.029%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dubuque, IA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dubuque, IA was 38.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Dubuque, IA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dubuque, IA residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.64%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.55k people

2.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.36k people

As of 2017, 2.64% of Dubuque, IA residents (2.55k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dubuque, IA was 2.45%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dubuque, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.5% of Dubuque, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dubuque, IA was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dubuque, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    88.3k ± 71

  2. Black or African American Alone

    2.75k ± 237

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.23k ± 277

In 2017, there were 32.1 times more White Alone residents (88.3k people) in Dubuque, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.75k Black or African American Alone and 2.23k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dubuque, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dubuque, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dubuque, IA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dubuque, IA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,036 ± 175

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    747 ± 145

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    652 ± 132

Dubuque, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.73 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dubuque, IA awarded 1,647 degrees. The student population of Dubuque, IA is skewed towards women, with 2,614 male students and 2,884 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dubuque, IA are White (1,343 and 83.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (82 and 5.09%), Unknown (78 and 4.84%), and Black or African American (54 and 3.35%).

The largest universities in Dubuque, IA by number of degrees awarded are University of Dubuque (534 and 32.4%), Loras College (433 and 26.3%), and Clarke University (328 and 19.9%).

The most popular majors in Dubuque, IA are General Business Administration & Management (145 and 8.8%), Biblical Studies (110 and 6.68%), and Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations (105 and 6.38%).

The median tuition costs in Dubuque, IA are $27,400 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 70 degrees awarded

  2. 116 degrees awarded

  3. 77 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Dubuque, IA was Elementary Education & Teaching with 70 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Dubuque, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 534 degrees awarded

  2. 433 degrees awarded

  3. 328 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$27,400

Median Private

In 2016, the Dubuque, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Dubuque with 534 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

675

Degrees Awarded to Men

972

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 675 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dubuque, IA, which is 0.694 times less than the 972 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dubuque, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,343 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    82 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    78 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dubuque, IA were to White students. These 1,343 degrees mean that there were 16.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 82 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dubuque, IA was $157,200 in 2017, which is 0.722 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $153,000 to $157,200, a 2.75% increase. The homeownership rate in Dubuque, IA is 72.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dubuque, IA have an average commute time of 15.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dubuque, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,150

Median Household Income

± $1,287

38.1k

Number of Households

± 1,000

In 2017, the median household income of the 38.1k households in Dubuque, IA grew to $59,150 from the previous year's value of $56,154.

The following chart displays the households in Dubuque, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$157,200

2017 Median

± $2,835

$153,000

2016 Median

± $2,628

In 2017, the median property value in Dubuque, IA grew to to $157,200 from the previous year's value of $153,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dubuque, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dubuque, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dubuque, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dubuque, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

72.2%

2017 Homeownership

72.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.2% of the housing units in Dubuque, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dubuque, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dubuque, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dubuque, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

15.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dubuque, IA have a shorter commute time (15.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.53% of the workforce in Dubuque, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dubuque, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.72%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dubuque, IA was Drove Alone (82.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.72%) and those who Worked At Home (4.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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