Edinburg City PUMA, TX

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Population

117,779

1.99% growth

Median Age

26.5


Median Household Income

$41,214

1.34% growth

Poverty Rate

29.1%


Number of Employees

43,988

1.33% growth

Median Property Value

$93,900

2.18% growth

About

In 2017, Edinburg City PUMA, TX had a population of 118k people with a median age of 26.5 and a median household income of $41,214. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Edinburg City PUMA, TX grew from 115,477 to 117,779, a 1.99% increase and its median household income grew from $40,671 to $41,214, a 1.34% increase.

The population of Edinburg City PUMA, TX is 91.6% Hispanic or Latino, 5.52% White Alone, and 1.68% Asian Alone. 79.4% of the people in Edinburg City PUMA, TX speak a non-English language, and 83.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (5,674 degrees awarded in 2016) and Rio Grande Bible Institute (24 degrees).

The median property value in Edinburg City PUMA, TX is $93,900, and the homeownership rate is 60.4%. Most people in Edinburg City PUMA, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Edinburg City PUMA, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Edinburg City PUMA, TX employs 44k people. The largest industries in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are Elementary & secondary schools (6,174 people), Construction (2,814 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,693 people), and the highest paying industries are National security & international affairs ($81,604), Petroleum refining ($78,838), and Car Dealers ($74,829).

Median household income in Edinburg City PUMA, TX is $41,214. Males in Edinburg City PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,120. The income inequality in Edinburg City PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.429, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,214

2017 value

± $1,772

1.34%

1 Year Growth

± 6.13%

Households in Edinburg City PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $41,214, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,671 in 2016, which represents a 1.34% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Edinburg City PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$46,985

Average Male Salary

± $7,109

$37,120

Average Female Salary

± $5,308

In 2017, full-time male employees in Edinburg City PUMA, TX made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Edinburg City PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Black

    $55,537 ± $25,840

  2. Asian

    $44,867 ± $22,367

  3. White

    $35,184 ± $4,240

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Edinburg City PUMA, TX workers was Black. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Edinburg City PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.429

2017 Wage GINI

0.421

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was 0.429 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.87% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Edinburg City PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Edinburg City PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Edinburg City PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $131,600, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $116,092 and $115,108.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Edinburg City PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

29.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Edinburg City PUMA, TX (33.8k out of 116k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males < 5 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    32,749 ± 1,839

  2. White

    30,614 ± 1,833

  3. Asian

    65 ± 161

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Edinburg City PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

44k

2017 Value

1.33%

1 Year growth

± 1.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Edinburg City PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 43.4k employees to 44k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Edinburg City PUMA, TX, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,105 people), Cashiers (1,559 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,517 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Edinburg City PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Edinburg City PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (3,105 people), Cashiers (1,559 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,517 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Edinburg City PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Police officers (4.19 times higher than expected), Library assistants, clerical (3.64 times), and Credit counselors & loan officers (2.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Edinburg City PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Firstline supervisors of nonretail sales workers ($92,848), Financial managers ($84,341), and Chief executives & legislators ($82,386).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

44k

2017 Value

1.33%

1 Year growth

± 1.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Edinburg City PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 43.4k employees to 44k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Edinburg City PUMA, TX, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,174 people), Construction (2,814 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,693 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Edinburg City PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Edinburg City PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Edinburg City PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,174 people), Construction (2,814 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,693 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Edinburg City PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Pipeline transportation (9.9 times higher than expected), Support activities for mining (4.86 times), and Specialty food stores (4.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Edinburg City PUMA, TX, by average salary, are National security & international affairs ($81,604), Petroleum refining ($78,838), and Car Dealers ($74,829).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

71.4% of the population of Edinburg City PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 35.3% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 3.89% on Medicare, 6.7% on non-group plans, and 0.835% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Edinburg City PUMA, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Edinburg City PUMA, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

28.6%

Uninsured

35.3%

Employer Coverage

24.7%

Medicaid

3.89%

Medicare

6.7%

Non-Group

0.835%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Edinburg City PUMA, TX stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 28.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Edinburg City PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Edinburg City PUMA, TX is home to a population of 118k people, from which 83.7% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Edinburg City PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Edinburg City PUMA, TX is composed of 108k Hispanic or Latino residents (91.6%), 6.5k White Alone residents (5.52%), 1.98k Asian Alone residents (1.68%), 1.04k Black or African American Alone residents (0.88%), 178 Two or More Races residents (0.151%), 153 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.13%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are Spanish (81,862 speakers), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (846 speakers), and Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages (188 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

21

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was 26.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 21, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Edinburg City PUMA, TX residents was 27.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

22.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

25.7k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Edinburg City PUMA, TX residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was 22.2%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Edinburg City PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    23,444 ± 3,364 people

  2. Philippines

    1,040 ± 788 people

  3. India

    250 ± 388 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Edinburg City PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 23,444 Edinburg City PUMA, TX residents, followed by Philippines with 1,040 and India with 250.

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Citizenship

83.7%

2017 Citizenship

84%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 83.7% of Edinburg City PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was 84%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Edinburg City PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    108k ± 3.33k

  2. White Alone

    6.5k ± 770

  3. Asian Alone

    1.98k ± 566

In 2017, there were 16.6 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (108k people) in Edinburg City PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.5k White Alone and 1.98k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Edinburg City PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    81,862 speakers (77.7%)

  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)

    846 speakers (0.803%)

  3. Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages

    188 speakers (0.178%)

79.4% of Edinburg City PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was Spanish. 77.7% of the overall population of Edinburg City PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 0.803% speak Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) and 0.178% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    815 ± 249

  2. Vietnam

    773 ± 205

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    752 ± 248

Edinburg City PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Edinburg City PUMA, TX awarded 5,698 degrees. The student population of Edinburg City PUMA, TX is skewed towards women, with 12,022 male students and 15,684 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (4,824 and 88.9%), followed by White (249 and 4.59%), Unknown (174 and 3.21%), and Asian (91 and 1.68%).

The largest universities in Edinburg City PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (5,674 and 99.6%) and Rio Grande Bible Institute (24 and 0.421%).

The most popular majors in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are General Biological Sciences (435 and 7.63%), Other Multidisciplinary Studies (374 and 6.56%), and General Psychology (354 and 6.21%).

The median tuition costs in Edinburg City PUMA, TX are $1,602 for private four year colleges, and $5,970 and $15,762 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 407 degrees awarded

  2. 350 degrees awarded

  3. 349 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was General Biological Sciences with 407 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Edinburg City PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,674 degrees awarded

  2. 24 degrees awarded

$5,970

Median In-State Public

$1,602

Median Private

In 2016, the Edinburg City PUMA, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley with 5,674 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,133

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,565

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,133 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Edinburg City PUMA, TX, which is 0.598 times less than the 3,565 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Edinburg City PUMA, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    4,824 degrees awarded

  2. White

    249 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    174 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Edinburg City PUMA, TX were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 4,824 degrees mean that there were 19.4 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 249 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was $93,900 in 2017, which is 0.432 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $91,900 to $93,900, a 2.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Edinburg City PUMA, TX is 60.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Edinburg City PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Edinburg City PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,214

Median Household Income

± $1,772

32.9k

Number of Households

± 1,524

In 2017, the median household income of the 32.9k households in Edinburg City PUMA, TX grew to $41,214 from the previous year's value of $40,671.

The following chart displays the households in Edinburg City PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$93,900

2017 Median

± $6,536

$91,900

2016 Median

± $6,371

In 2017, the median property value in Edinburg City PUMA, TX grew to to $93,900 from the previous year's value of $91,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Edinburg City PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Edinburg City PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Edinburg City PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Edinburg City PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

60.4%

2017 Homeownership

61.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 60.4% of the housing units in Edinburg City PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Edinburg City PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Edinburg City PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Edinburg City PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Edinburg City PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.49% of the workforce in Edinburg City PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Edinburg City PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.3%

  3. Other

    4.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Edinburg City PUMA, TX was Drove Alone (78.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.3%) and those who Other (4.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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