Elmira, NY

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Population

86,883

0.979% decline

Poverty Rate

15.8%


Median Age

41.2


Median Household Income

$51,251

3.37% growth

Number of Employees

37,726

0.885% decline

Median Property Value

$105,500

3.63% growth

About

In 2017, Elmira, NY had a population of 86.9k people with a median age of 41.2 and a median household income of $51,251. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Elmira, NY declined from 87,742 to 86,883, a -0.979% decrease and its median household income grew from $49,578 to $51,251, a 3.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Elmira, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.78%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.69%), White (Hispanic) (1.75%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.53%). N/A% of the people in Elmira, NY speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Elmira, NY are Elmira College (403 degrees awarded in 2017), Elmira Business Institute (119 degrees), and Schuyler Steuben Chemung Tioga Allegany BOCES (83 degrees).

The median property value in Elmira, NY is $105,500, and the homeownership rate is 68.1%. Most people in Elmira, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Elmira, NY is 2 cars per household.

Elmira, NY borders Binghamton, NY, Ithaca, NY, Corning, NY, and Sayre, PA.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Elmira, NY employs 37.7k people. The largest industries in Elmira, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,935 people), Manufacturing (5,423 people), and Retail Trade (4,509 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,107), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,102), and Public Administration ($58,601).

Median household income in Elmira, NY is $51,251. Males in Elmira, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Elmira, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,251

2017 value

± $1,531

3.37%

1 Year Growth

± 4.34%

Households in Elmira, NY have a median annual income of $51,251, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $49,578 in 2016, which represents a 3.37% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Elmira, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in New York made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Elmira, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Elmira, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $116,304, followed by Putnam County, NY and Suffolk County, NY, with respective values of $102,525 and $100,468.

The following map shows all of the counties in Elmira, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Elmira, NY (12.9k out of 81.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,950 ± 633

  2. Black

    1,435 ± 263

  3. Two Or More

    1,096 ± 226

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Elmira, NY is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

37.7k

2017 Value

± 1,199

-0.885%

1 Year decline

± 4.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elmira, NY declined at a rate of -0.885%, from 38.1k employees to 37.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Elmira, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,950 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,794 people), and Management Occupations (3,439 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Elmira, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Elmira, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,950 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,794 people), and Management Occupations (3,439 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Elmira, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.21 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.66 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.33 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Elmira, NY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($129,018), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,144), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($70,156).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

37.7k

2017 Value

± 1,199

-0.885%

1 Year decline

± 4.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Elmira, NY declined at a rate of -0.885%, from 38.1k employees to 37.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Elmira, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,935 people), Manufacturing (5,423 people), and Retail Trade (4,509 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Elmira, NY, though some of these residents may live in Elmira, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Elmira, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,935 people), Manufacturing (5,423 people), and Retail Trade (4,509 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Elmira, NY has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.43 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.42 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Elmira, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($68,107), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,102), and Public Administration ($58,601).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $72.7B

  2. $54.2B

  3. $50B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $72.7B, followed by Electronics ($54.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($50B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$615B

2020 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

38.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $615B. This is expected to increase 38.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.7B

  2. $32.1B

  3. $20.7B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $37.7B, followed by Pennsylvania with $32.1B and Connecticut and $20.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.5% of the population of Elmira, NY has health coverage, with 48.7% on employee plans, 21.7% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 9.64% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Elmira, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Elmira, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.5%

Uninsured

48.7%

Employer Coverage

21.7%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

9.64%

Non-Group

1.35%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Elmira, NY declined by 13.4% from 6.35% to 5.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Elmira, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Elmira, NY is home to a population of 86.9k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.8% of Elmira, NY residents were born outside of the country (2.43k people).

In 2017, there were 15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (75.2k people) in Elmira, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.02k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.34k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Elmira, NY was 41.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Elmira, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Elmira, NY residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.43k people

2.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.46k people

As of 2017, 2.8% of Elmira, NY residents (2.43k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Elmira, NY was 2.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Elmira, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 New York residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Elmira, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Elmira, NY was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Elmira, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Elmira, NY

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    75.2k ± 69

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    5.02k ± 352

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    2.34k ± 368

In 2017, there were 15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (75.2k people) in Elmira, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.02k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.34k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Elmira, NY as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,943 ± 250

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    707 ± 177

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    687 ± 185

Elmira, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Elmira, NY awarded 625 degrees. The student population of Elmira, NY is skewed towards women, with 353 male students and 1,087 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Elmira, NY are White (532 and 88.4%), followed by Black or African American (29 and 4.82%), Hispanic or Latino (16 and 2.66%), and Unknown (12 and 1.99%).

The largest universities in Elmira, NY by number of degrees awarded are Elmira College (403 and 64.5%), Elmira Business Institute (119 and 19%), and Schuyler Steuben Chemung Tioga Allegany BOCES (83 and 13.3%).

The most popular majors in Elmira, NY are Registered Nursing (76 and 12.2%), General Business Administration & Management (64 and 10.2%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (63 and 10.1%).

The median tuition costs in Elmira, NY are $41,900 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 61 degrees awarded

  2. 41 degrees awarded

  3. 31 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Elmira, NY was Registered Nursing with 61 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Elmira, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 403 degrees awarded

  2. 119 degrees awarded

  3. 83 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$41,900

Median Private

In 2017, the Elmira, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Elmira College with 403 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

136

Degrees Awarded to Men

489

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 136 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Elmira, NY, which is 0.278 times less than the 489 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Elmira, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    532 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    29 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    16 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Elmira, NY were to White students. These 532 degrees mean that there were 18.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 29 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Elmira, NY was $105,500 in 2017, which is 0.459 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $101,800 to $105,500, a 3.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Elmira, NY is 68.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Elmira, NY have an average commute time of 19.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Elmira, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$105,500

2017 Median

± $3,515

$101,800

2016 Median

± $3,028

In 2017, the median property value in Elmira, NY grew to to $105,500 from the previous year's value of $101,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Elmira, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmira, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,251

Median Household Income

± $1,531

34.7k

Number of Households

± 1,100

In 2017, the median household income of the 34.7k households in Elmira, NY grew to $51,251 from the previous year's value of $49,578.

The following chart displays the households in Elmira, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Elmira, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Elmira, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.1%

2017 Homeownership

68.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.1% of the housing units in Elmira, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Elmira, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Elmira, NY have a shorter commute time (19.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.56% of the workforce in Elmira, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Elmira, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9%

  3. Walked

    3.2%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Elmira, NY was Drove Alone (82.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (9%) and those who Walked (3.2%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Elmira, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Elmira, NY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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