Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
174,585
0.593% 1-year growth
US Senator
Dianne Feinstein
Democratic Party
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
Median Age
30.4

Poverty Rate
31.7%

Median Household Income
$38,979
4.18% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$175,600
9% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
61,545
6.16% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA had a population of 175k people with a median age of 30.4 and a median household income of $38,979. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA grew from 173,556 to 174,585, a 0.593% increase and its median household income grew from $37,416 to $38,979, a 4.18% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are White (Hispanic) (36.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (21.3%), Other (Hispanic) (15.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.3%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (9.82%). 45.2% of the people in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA speak a non-English language, and 88.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are Fresno City College (1,872 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is $175,600, and the homeownership rate is 43.8%. Most people in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in California, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of California across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 61.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.6%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.37%). The most partisan county was San Francisco County, CA with 85% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of California.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for California
61.7% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in California
  1. 85% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 78.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 78.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in California was San Francisco County, CA with 85% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in California colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Dianne Feinstein
Senator from California1
Assumed office on November 10, 1992
Elected to the seat to succeed John Seymour (California politician)|John Seymour, who had been appointed to the seat after Pete Wilson elected Governor of California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Elected to the seat to succeed Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is home to a population of 175k people, from which 88.4% are citizens. As of 2018, 18.9% of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (32.9k people).

In 2018, there were 1.71 times more White (Hispanic) residents (63.4k people) in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.1k White (Non-Hispanic) and 27.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are Spanish (56,036 speakers), Hmong (5,363 speakers), and Punjabi (3,282 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA
  1. White (Hispanic)
    63.4k ± 3.53k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    37.1k ± 1.41k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    27.1k ± 2.59k
55.8%
Hispanic Population
97.5k people

In 2018, there were 1.71 times more White (Hispanic) residents (63.4k people) in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.1k White (Non-Hispanic) and 27.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

55.8% of the people in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are hispanic (97.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    56,036 speakers (35.2%)
  2. Hmong
    5,363 speakers (3.37%)
  3. Punjabi
    3,282 speakers (2.06%)

45.2% of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was Spanish. 35.2% of the overall population of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are native Spanish speakers. 3.37% speak Hmong and 2.06% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

18.9%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
32.9k people
19.7%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
34k people

As of 2018, 18.9% of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA residents (32.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was 19.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

27
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
44
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was 30.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 27, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA residents was 30.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    20,653 ± 3,312 people
  2. India
    3,040 ± 1,342 people
  3. Laos
    2,493 ± 1,217 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 20,653 Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA residents, followed by India with 3,040 and Laos with 2,493.

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Citizenship

88.4%
2018 Citizenship
88.2%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 88.4% of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was 88.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,121 ± 281
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    978 ± 242
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    583 ± 168

Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is $38,979. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $181,965, followed by San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA and Inner Mission & Castro PUMA, CA, with respective values of $179,435 and $164,252.

Males in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.09 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,292. The income inequality in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.44, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA employs 61.5k people. The largest industries in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are Restaurants & Food Services (4,371 people), Construction (3,612 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,213 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($133,801), Offices of other health practitioners ($99,591), and Architectural, engineering & related services ($93,467).

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,979
2018 value
± $1,566
4.18%
1 Year Growth
± 4.94%

Households in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA have a median annual income of $38,979, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,416 in 2017, which represents a 4.18% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$40,640
Average Male Salary in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA
± $5,777
$37,292
Average Female Salary in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA
± $4,835

In 2017, full-time male employees in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA made 1.09 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA
  1. White
    $36,105 ± $4,784
  2. Black
    $31,526 ± $9,612
  3. Asian
    $30,263 ± $9,148

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA workers was White. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.44
2017 Wage GINI in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA
0.441
2016 Wage GINI in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA

In 2017, the income inequality in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was 0.44 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.172% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $181,965, followed by San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA and Inner Mission & Castro PUMA, CA, with respective values of $179,435 and $164,252.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

31.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA (54.1k out of 170k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    33,323 ± 1,379
  2. White
    29,845 ± 1,366
  3. Other
    8,237 ± 709

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

61.5k
2017 Value
6.16%
1 Year growth
± 6.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 6.16%, from 58k employees to 61.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (3,071 people), Personal care aides (2,449 people), and Cashiers (2,167 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (3,071 people), Personal care aides (2,449 people), and Cashiers (2,167 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (8.93 times higher than expected), Tax examiners & collectors, & revenue agents (8.9 times), and Packaging & filling machine operators & tenders (6.61 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, by average salary, are Chief executives & legislators ($158,841), Computer systems analysts ($151,923), and Marketing & sales managers ($106,773).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

61.5k
2017 Value
6.16%
1 Year growth
± 6.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 6.16%, from 58k employees to 61.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,371 people), Construction (3,612 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,213 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,371 people), Construction (3,612 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,213 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA has an unusually high number of Fruit & vegetable preserving & specialty food manufacturing (8.89 times higher than expected), Agricultural chemical manufacturing (8.73 times), and Support activities for agriculture & forestry (8.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, by average salary, are Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($133,801), Offices of other health practitioners ($99,591), and Architectural, engineering & related services ($93,467).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $196B
  2. $157B
  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight ($157B) and Gasoline ($127B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California.
$1.54T
2015 Value in California
$2.48T
Projected 2045 Value in California
61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $63.1B
  2. $42.2B
  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA awarded 1,872 degrees. The student population of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is skewed towards women, with 10,149 male students and 12,622 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are Hispanic or Latino (957 and 51.2%), followed by White (452 and 24.2%), Asian (295 and 15.8%), and Black or African American (83 and 4.44%).

The largest universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are Fresno City College (1,872 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are Registered Nursing (222 and 11.9%), General Business Administration & Management (208 and 11.1%), and Criminal Justice - Police Science (154 and 8.23%).

The median tuition costs in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 203 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 119 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 222 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was General Business Administration & Management with 203 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,872 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2017, the Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Fresno City College with 1,872 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

732
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,140
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 732 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA, which is 0.642 times less than the 1,140 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    957 degrees awarded
  2. White
    452 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    295 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 957 degrees mean that there were 2.12 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 452 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was $175,600 in 2018, which is 0.764 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $161,100 to $175,600, a 9% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is 43.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$175,600
2018 Median
± $4,458
$161,100
2017 Median
± $2,840

In 2018, the median property value in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA grew to to $175,600 from the previous year's value of $161,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,979
Median Household Income
± $1,566
54.1k
Number of Households
± 1,586

In 2018, the median household income of the 54.1k households in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA grew to $38,979 from the previous year's value of $37,416.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

43.8%
2018 Homeownership
44.7%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 43.8% of the housing units in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 44.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.07% of the workforce in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    76.8%
  2. Carpooled
    11.8%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.18%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA was Drove Alone (76.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

88.9% of the population of Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 28% on employee plans, 43.9% on Medicaid, 6.04% on Medicare, 9.75% on non-group plans, and 1.19% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in California was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in California see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,281 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
$7,549
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in California
$4,735
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,368
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,833
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.1%
Uninsured
28%
Employer Coverage
43.9%
Medicaid
6.04%
Medicare
9.75%
Non-Group
1.19%
Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA declined by 33.4% from 16.6% to 11.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno City (Southwest) PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 10.6% prevalence
  2. 10.5% prevalence
  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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