Gray County, TX

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Population

22,962

0.287% decline

Median Age

36.7


Median Household Income

$48,314

6.74% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

9,498

1.09% growth

Median Property Value

$71,700

2.71% decline

About

In 2017, Gray County, TX had a population of 23k people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $48,314. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Gray County, TX declined from 23,028 to 22,962, a -0.287% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,264 to $48,314, a 6.74% increase.

The population of Gray County, TX is 64.5% White Alone, 27.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.27% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Gray County, TX speak a non-English language, and 93.6% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Gray County, TX is $71,700, and the homeownership rate is 75.2%. Most people in Gray County, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Gray County, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Gray County, TX employs 9.5k people. The largest industries in Gray County, TX are Retail Trade (1,045 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1,030 people), and Construction (950 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($64,828), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,795), and Manufacturing ($52,556).

Median household income in Gray County, TX is $48,314. Males in Gray County, TX have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,959. The income inequality in Gray County, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,314

2017 value

± $5,246

6.74%

1 Year Growth

± 12.5%

Households in Gray County, TX have a median annual income of $48,314, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,264 in 2016, which represents a 6.74% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Gray County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$64,953

Average Male Salary

± $716

$45,959

Average Female Salary

± $514

In 2017, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,947 ± $2,196

  2. White

    $52,072 ± $505

  3. American Indian

    $45,538 ± $7,571

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gray County, TX is from Texas.

0.482

2017 Wage GINI

0.482

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Texas was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.139% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9504

  3. Census Tract 9505

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gray County, TX was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $84,400, followed by Census Tract 9504 and Census Tract 9505, with respective values of $54,757 and $50,863.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Gray County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gray County, TX (3.17k out of 21.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,592 ± 316

  2. Hispanic

    1,290 ± 229

  3. Other

    186 ± 133

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gray County, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.5k

2017 Value

± 642

1.09%

1 Year growth

± 9.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gray County, TX grew at a rate of 1.09%, from 9.4k employees to 9.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gray County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,457 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,095 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (882 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gray County, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Gray County, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,457 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1,095 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (882 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gray County, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.32 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.82 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.8 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Gray County, TX, by median earnings, are Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations ($110,918), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,750), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($75,089).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.5k

2017 Value

± 642

1.09%

1 Year growth

± 9.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Gray County, TX grew at a rate of 1.09%, from 9.4k employees to 9.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gray County, TX, are Retail Trade (1,045 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1,030 people), and Construction (950 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gray County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Gray County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Gray County, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (1,045 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1,030 people), and Construction (950 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Gray County, TX has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (20.1 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.55 times), and Utilities (2.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Gray County, TX, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($64,828), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,795), and Manufacturing ($52,556).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

80.4% of the population of Gray County, TX has health coverage, with 40.5% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 2.35% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Gray County, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Gray County, TX see 2901 patients per year on average, which represents a 13.3% increase from the previous year (2560 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2272 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 4545 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,901 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Gray County, TX see an average of 2,901 patients per year. This represents a 13.3% increase from the previous year (2,560 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Gray County, TX in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

19.6%

Uninsured

40.5%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

10.5%

Non-Group

2.35%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gray County, TX grew by 4.06% from 18.8% to 19.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gray County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Gray County, TX is home to a population of 23k people, from which 93.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.76% of Gray County, TX residents were born outside of the country (2.24k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Gray County, TX is composed of 14.8k White Alone residents (64.5%), 6.41k Hispanic or Latino residents (27.9%), 981 Black or African American Alone residents (4.27%), 376 Two or More Races residents (1.64%), 203 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.884%), 162 Asian Alone residents (0.706%), 21 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0915%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Gray County, TX are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Gray County, TX was 36.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Gray County, TX are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Gray County, TX residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.76%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.24k people

9.93%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.29k people

As of 2017, 9.76% of Gray County, TX residents (2.24k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gray County, TX was 9.93%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gray County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,547,886 ± 37,324 people

  2. India

    231,271 ± 11,757 people

  3. El Salvador

    200,904 ± 10,964 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,547,886 Texas residents, followed by India with 231,271 and El Salvador with 200,904.

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Citizenship

93.6%

2017 Citizenship

93.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.6% of Gray County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Gray County, TX was 93.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gray County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.8k ± 25

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6.41k ± 564

  3. Black or African American Alone

    981 ± 85

In 2017, there were 2.31 times more White Alone residents (14.8k people) in Gray County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.41k Hispanic or Latino and 981 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Gray County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Gray County, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Gray County, TX was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Gray County, TX are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    455 ± 125

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    232 ± 111

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    158 ± 72

Gray County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gray County, TX was $71,700 in 2017, which is 0.33 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $73,700 to $71,700, a 2.71% decrease. The homeownership rate in Gray County, TX is 75.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Gray County, TX have an average commute time of 18.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Gray County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$48,314

Median Household Income

± $5,246

7.97k

Number of Households

± 505

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.97k households in Gray County, TX grew to $48,314 from the previous year's value of $45,264.

The following chart displays the households in Gray County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$71,700

2017 Median

± $4,352

$73,700

2016 Median

± $4,738

In 2017, the median property value in Gray County, TX declined from to $71,700 from the previous year's value of $73,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Gray County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gray County, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Gray County, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gray County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.2%

2017 Homeownership

72.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.2% of the housing units in Gray County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Gray County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gray County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gray County, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gray County, TX have a shorter commute time (18.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.29% of the workforce in Gray County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gray County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.3%

  3. Other

    1.45%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Gray County, TX was Drove Alone (85.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.3%) and those who Other (1.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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