Hamilton County, OH

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Population

816,684

0.352% growth

Median Age

36.6


Median Household Income

$57,189

3.89% growth

Poverty Rate

17%


Number of Employees

418,318

1.46% growth

Median Property Value

$162,100

6.93% growth

About

In 2018, Hamilton County, OH had a population of 817k people with a median age of 36.6 and a median household income of $57,189. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Hamilton County, OH grew from 813,822 to 816,684, a 0.352% increase and its median household income grew from $55,048 to $57,189, a 3.89% increase.

The population of Hamilton County, OH is 64.9% White Alone, 25.1% Black or African American Alone, and 3.45% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Hamilton County, OH speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hamilton County, OH are University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (10,454 degrees awarded in 2017), Xavier University (1,825 degrees), and Cincinnati State Technical and Community College (1,438 degrees).

The median property value in Hamilton County, OH is $162,100, and the homeownership rate is 57.5%. Most people in Hamilton County, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Hamilton County, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hamilton County, OH employs 418k people. The largest industries in Hamilton County, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (69,331 people), Manufacturing (49,333 people), and Retail Trade (46,248 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($117,869), Utilities ($63,279), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,794).

Median household income in Hamilton County, OH is $57,189. Males in Hamilton County, OH have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,520. The income inequality in Hamilton County, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,189

2018 value

± $1,602

3.89%

1 Year Growth

± 4.34%

Households in Hamilton County, OH have a median annual income of $57,189, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,048 in 2017, which represents a 3.89% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hamilton County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$65,155

Average Male Salary

± $1,041

$48,520

Average Female Salary

± $780

In 2018, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,444 ± $4,429

  2. White

    $51,160 ± $663

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,079 ± $3,030

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hamilton County, OH is from Ohio.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.704% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 244

  2. Census Tract 251.04

  3. Census Tract 273

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hamilton County, OH was Census Tract 244 with a value of $167,946, followed by Census Tract 251.04 and Census Tract 273, with respective values of $166,250 and $141,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hamilton County, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hamilton County, OH (134k out of 791k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    66,509 ± 1,850

  2. White

    57,025 ± 1,732

  3. Hispanic

    6,579 ± 676

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hamilton County, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

418k

2018 Value

± 10,825

1.46%

1 Year growth

± 3.53%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Hamilton County, OH grew at a rate of 1.46%, from 412k employees to 418k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hamilton County, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (49,709 people), Sales & Related Occupations (42,118 people), and Management Occupations (40,804 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (49,709 people), Sales & Related Occupations (42,118 people), and Management Occupations (40,804 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hamilton County, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.42 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.28 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hamilton County, OH, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($72,494), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,047), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($67,488).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

418k

2018 Value

± 10,825

1.46%

1 Year growth

± 3.53%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Hamilton County, OH grew at a rate of 1.46%, from 412k employees to 418k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hamilton County, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (69,331 people), Manufacturing (49,333 people), and Retail Trade (46,248 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hamilton County, OH, though some of these residents may live in Hamilton County, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hamilton County, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (69,331 people), Manufacturing (49,333 people), and Retail Trade (46,248 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hamilton County, OH has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.3 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.21 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hamilton County, OH, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($117,869), Utilities ($63,279), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,794).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Hamilton County, OH has health coverage, with 52.8% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 9.47% on non-group plans, and 1.17% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hamilton County, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Hamilton County, OH see 924 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.04% decrease from the previous year (953 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1383 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 357 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

924 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hamilton County, OH see an average of 924 patients per year. This represents a 3.04% decrease from the previous year (953 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hamilton County, OH in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.37%

Uninsured

52.8%

Employer Coverage

18.4%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

9.47%

Non-Group

1.17%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hamilton County, OH grew by 4.73% from 5.13% to 5.37%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hamilton County, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hamilton County, OH is home to a population of 817k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.29% of Hamilton County, OH residents were born outside of the country (43k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hamilton County, OH is composed of 530k White Alone residents (64.9%), 205k Black or African American Alone residents (25.1%), 28.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.45%), 25.5k Two or More Races residents (3.12%), 24.3k Asian Alone residents (2.98%), 1.45k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.178%), 1.28k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.157%), and 627 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0768%).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Hamilton County, OH was 36.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Hamilton County, OH are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Hamilton County, OH residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.29%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

43k people

5.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

41k people

As of 2017, 5.29% of Hamilton County, OH residents (43k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hamilton County, OH was 5.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hamilton County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    62,221 ± 6,108 people

  2. Mexico

    44,382 ± 5,162 people

  3. China

    35,261 ± 4,603 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 62,221 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,382 and China with 35,261.

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Citizenship

97%

2018 Citizenship

96.7%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97% of Hamilton County, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Hamilton County, OH was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hamilton County, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    530k ± 548

  2. Black or African American Alone

    205k ± 4.33k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    28.2k ± 4.12k

In 2018, there were 2.58 times more White Alone residents (530k people) in Hamilton County, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 205k Black or African American Alone and 28.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hamilton County, OH as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    13,106 ± 1,318

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,596 ± 1,493

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,292 ± 1,132

Hamilton County, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.99 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Hamilton County, OH awarded 17,969 degrees. The student population of Hamilton County, OH is skewed towards women, with 29,031 male students and 36,724 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hamilton County, OH are White (12,120 and 72.5%), followed by Black or African American (2,068 and 12.4%), Unknown (893 and 5.34%), and Hispanic or Latino (664 and 3.97%).

The largest universities in Hamilton County, OH by number of degrees awarded are University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (10,454 and 58.2%), Xavier University (1,825 and 10.2%), and Cincinnati State Technical and Community College (1,438 and 8%).

The most popular majors in Hamilton County, OH are Registered Nursing (1,310 and 7.29%), General Business Administration & Management (825 and 4.59%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (588 and 3.27%).

The median tuition costs in Hamilton County, OH are $16,530 for private four year colleges, and $7,298 and $19,364 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 732 degrees awarded

  2. 431 degrees awarded

  3. 367 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hamilton County, OH was Registered Nursing with 732 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hamilton County, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 10,454 degrees awarded

  2. 1,825 degrees awarded

  3. 1,438 degrees awarded

$7,298

Median In-State Public

$16,530

Median Private

In 2017, the Hamilton County, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Cincinnati-Main Campus with 10,454 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,316

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,653

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 7,316 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hamilton County, OH, which is 0.687 times less than the 10,653 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hamilton County, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    12,120 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    2,068 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    893 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hamilton County, OH were to White students. These 12,120 degrees mean that there were 5.86 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,068 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hamilton County, OH was $162,100 in 2018, which is 0.706 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $151,600 to $162,100, a 6.93% increase. The homeownership rate in Hamilton County, OH is 57.5%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hamilton County, OH have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hamilton County, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$162,100

2018 Median

± $3,595

$151,600

2017 Median

± $4,461

In 2018, the median property value in Hamilton County, OH grew to to $162,100 from the previous year's value of $151,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hamilton County, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hamilton County, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,189

Median Household Income

± $1,602

345k

Number of Households

± 9,281

In 2018, the median household income of the 345k households in Hamilton County, OH grew to $57,189 from the previous year's value of $55,048.

The following chart displays the households in Hamilton County, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hamilton County, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hamilton County, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

57.5%

2018 Homeownership

58.1%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 57.5% of the housing units in Hamilton County, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hamilton County, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hamilton County, OH have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.12% of the workforce in Hamilton County, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hamilton County, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.83%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.83%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Hamilton County, OH was Drove Alone (78.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.83%) and those who Worked At Home (4.83%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hamilton County, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hamilton County, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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