Iowa City, IA

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Population

166,520

1.46% growth

Median Age

31.1


Median Household Income

$59,800

5.25% growth

Poverty Rate

16.5%


Number of Employees

92,945

1.24% growth

Median Property Value

$198,500

4.09% growth

About

In 2017, Iowa City, IA had a population of 167k people with a median age of 31.1 and a median household income of $59,800. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Iowa City, IA grew from 164,121 to 166,520, a 1.46% increase and its median household income grew from $56,819 to $59,800, a 5.25% increase.

The population of Iowa City, IA is 81.2% White Alone, 5.56% Black or African American Alone, and 5.51% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Iowa City, IA speak a non-English language, and 93.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Iowa City, IA are University of Iowa (8,274 degrees awarded in 2016), The Salon Professional Academy-Iowa City (30 degrees), and La James International College-Iowa City (26 degrees).

The median property value in Iowa City, IA is $198,500, and the homeownership rate is 61%. Most people in Iowa City, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Iowa City, IA is 2 cars per household.

Iowa City, IA borders Cedar Rapids, IA, Muscatine, IA, and Fairfield, IA.

Economy

The economy of Iowa City, IA employs 92.9k people. The largest industries in Iowa City, IA are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,138 people), Educational Services (17,992 people), and Retail Trade (9,736 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($60,750), Public Administration ($59,059), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,000).

Median household income in Iowa City, IA is $59,800. Males in Iowa City, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Iowa City, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,800

2017 value

± $1,630

5.25%

1 Year Growth

± 3.87%

Households in Iowa City, IA have a median annual income of $59,800, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,819 in 2016, which represents a 5.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Iowa City, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Iowa City, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Iowa City, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $88,561, followed by Polk County, IA and Linn County, IA, with respective values of $65,995 and $63,149.

The following map shows all of the counties in Iowa City, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Iowa City, IA (26k out of 158k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,885 ± 898

  2. Black

    3,389 ± 418

  3. Asian

    3,034 ± 315

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Iowa City, IA is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

92.9k

2017 Value

± 2,198

1.24%

1 Year growth

± 3.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Iowa City, IA grew at a rate of 1.24%, from 91.8k employees to 92.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Iowa City, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,031 people), Management Occupations (9,459 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (9,323 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Iowa City, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Iowa City, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,031 people), Management Occupations (9,459 people), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (9,323 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Iowa City, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.38 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.9 times), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Iowa City, IA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($73,028), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,432), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,013).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

92.9k

2017 Value

± 2,198

1.24%

1 Year growth

± 3.33%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Iowa City, IA grew at a rate of 1.24%, from 91.8k employees to 92.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Iowa City, IA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,138 people), Educational Services (17,992 people), and Retail Trade (9,736 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Iowa City, IA, though some of these residents may live in Iowa City, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Iowa City, IA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,138 people), Educational Services (17,992 people), and Retail Trade (9,736 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Iowa City, IA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (2.09 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.49 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Iowa City, IA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($60,750), Public Administration ($59,059), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.7% of the population of Iowa City, IA has health coverage, with 60.8% on employee plans, 9.73% on Medicaid, 8.62% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 0.611% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Iowa City, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Iowa City, IA see 1363 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 756 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

1,363 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,363 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.28%

Uninsured

60.8%

Employer Coverage

9.73%

Medicaid

8.62%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

0.611%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Iowa City, IA declined by 9.75% from 6.96% to 6.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Iowa City, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Iowa City, IA is home to a population of 167k people, from which 93.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.6% of Iowa City, IA residents were born outside of the country (16k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Iowa City, IA is composed of 135k White Alone residents (81.2%), 9.25k Black or African American Alone residents (5.56%), 9.17k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.51%), 9.11k Asian Alone residents (5.47%), 3.12k Two or More Races residents (1.87%), 305 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.183%), 170 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.102%), and 155 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0931%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Iowa City, IA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Iowa City, IA was 31.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Iowa City, IA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Iowa City, IA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

16k people

9.39%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

15.4k people

As of 2017, 9.6% of Iowa City, IA residents (16k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Iowa City, IA was 9.39%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Iowa City, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

93.6%

2017 Citizenship

93.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.6% of Iowa City, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Iowa City, IA was 93.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Iowa City, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    135k ± 102

  2. Black or African American Alone

    9.25k ± 354

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    9.17k ± 944

In 2017, there were 14.6 times more White Alone residents (135k people) in Iowa City, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.25k Black or African American Alone and 9.17k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Iowa City, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Iowa City, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Iowa City, IA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Iowa City, IA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,255 ± 258

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,147 ± 257

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    803 ± 225

Iowa City, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Iowa City, IA awarded 8,337 degrees. The student population of Iowa City, IA is skewed towards women, with 15,388 male students and 16,761 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Iowa City, IA are White (5,514 and 75.5%), followed by Unknown (663 and 9.08%), Hispanic or Latino (448 and 6.13%), and Asian (266 and 3.64%).

The largest universities in Iowa City, IA by number of degrees awarded are University of Iowa (8,274 and 99.2%), The Salon Professional Academy-Iowa City (30 and 0.36%), and La James International College-Iowa City (26 and 0.312%).

The most popular majors in Iowa City, IA are Kinesiology & Exercise Science (493 and 5.91%), General Finance (405 and 4.86%), and General Business Administration & Management (357 and 4.28%).

The median tuition costs in Iowa City, IA are $4,500 for private four year colleges, and $7,128 and $27,366 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 481 degrees awarded

  2. 405 degrees awarded

  3. 302 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Iowa City, IA was Kinesiology & Exercise Science with 481 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Iowa City, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,274 degrees awarded

  2. 30 degrees awarded

  3. 26 degrees awarded

$7,128

Median In-State Public

$4,500

Median Private

In 2016, the Iowa City, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Iowa with 8,274 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,913

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,424

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,913 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Iowa City, IA, which is 0.884 times less than the 4,424 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Iowa City, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,514 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    663 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    448 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Iowa City, IA were to White students. These 5,514 degrees mean that there were 8.32 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 663 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Iowa City, IA was $198,500 in 2017, which is 0.912 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $190,700 to $198,500, a 4.09% increase. The homeownership rate in Iowa City, IA is 61%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Iowa City, IA have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Iowa City, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,800

Median Household Income

± $1,630

66.1k

Number of Households

± 1,667

In 2017, the median household income of the 66.1k households in Iowa City, IA grew to $59,800 from the previous year's value of $56,819.

The following chart displays the households in Iowa City, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$198,500

2017 Median

± $4,239

$190,700

2016 Median

± $3,313

In 2017, the median property value in Iowa City, IA grew to to $198,500 from the previous year's value of $190,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Iowa City, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Iowa City, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Iowa City, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Iowa City, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61%

2017 Homeownership

60.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61% of the housing units in Iowa City, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Iowa City, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Iowa City, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Iowa City, IA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Iowa City, IA have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.766% of the workforce in Iowa City, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Iowa City, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.9%

  3. Walked

    8.63%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Iowa City, IA was Drove Alone (69.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.9%) and those who Walked (8.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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