Jefferson County, GA

County

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Population
15,772
1.14% 1-year decline
US Senator
David Perdue
Republican Party
US Senator
Kelly Loeffler
Republican Party
Median Age
39.3

Poverty Rate
24.8%

Median Household Income
$34,300
15.7% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$74,300
7.37% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
5,933
2.59% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Jefferson County, GA had a population of 15.8k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $34,300. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Jefferson County, GA declined from 15,954 to 15,772, a -1.14% decrease and its median household income grew from $29,640 to $34,300, a 15.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, GA are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (53.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (41.9%), Other (Hispanic) (1.73%), White (Hispanic) (1.35%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.38%). NaNk% of the people in Jefferson County, GA speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Jefferson County, GA is $74,300, and the homeownership rate is 65.9%. Most people in Jefferson County, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, GA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Georgia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Georgia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Georgia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Georgia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, GA went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 54.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44%), followed by Other (1.21%). The most partisan county was Glascock County, GA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler are the senators currently representing the state of Georgia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Georgia.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Jefferson County, GA
54.8% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Georgia
  1. 88.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Georgia was Glascock County, GA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Georgia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Georgia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Senator from Georgia2
  1. David Perdue
    Assumed office on January 3, 2015
  2. Kelly Loeffler
    Assumed office on January 6, 2020
    Appointed to the seat after Johnny Isakson's resignation

David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler are the senators currently representing Georgia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Georgia over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Georgia

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Georgia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, GA is home to a population of 15.8k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2018, 2.43% of Jefferson County, GA residents were born outside of the country (383 people).

In 2018, there were 1.28 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (8.49k people) in Jefferson County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.61k White (Non-Hispanic) and 273 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, GA
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    8.49k ± 44
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    6.61k ± 21
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    273 ± 126
3.65%
Hispanic Population
576 people

In 2018, there were 1.28 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (8.49k people) in Jefferson County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.61k White (Non-Hispanic) and 273 Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.65% of the people in Jefferson County, GA are hispanic (576 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.43%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
383 people
2.34%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
373 people

As of 2018, 2.43% of Jefferson County, GA residents (383 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, GA was 2.34%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

40
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
34
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 7.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, GA was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Jefferson County, GA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Jefferson County, GA residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    264,376 ± 12,459 people
  2. India
    85,239 ± 7,138 people
  3. Korea
    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Georgia residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

98.5%
2018 Citizenship
98.5%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.5% of Jefferson County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, GA was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    309 ± 77
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    232 ± 97
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    129 ± 58

Jefferson County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Jefferson County, GA is $34,300. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, GA was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $48,036, followed by Census Tract 9601 and Census Tract 9604, with respective values of $37,304 and $32,077.

Males in Georgia have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Georgia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Jefferson County, GA employs 5.93k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, GA are Manufacturing (1,393 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (838 people), and Retail Trade (734 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($72,721), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,000), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,500).

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,300
2018 value
± $3,596
15.7%
1 Year Growth
± 10.3%

Households in Jefferson County, GA have a median annual income of $34,300, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $29,640 in 2017, which represents a 15.7% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, GA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
$62,744
Average Male Salary in Georgia
± $1,190
$46,261
Average Female Salary in Georgia
± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Georgia
  1. Asian
    $58,486 ± $3,787
  2. White
    $53,819 ± $950
  3. Two or More Races
    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Georgia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, GA is from Georgia.
0.478
2017 Wage GINI in Georgia
0.477
2016 Wage GINI in Georgia

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9602
  2. Census Tract 9601
  3. Census Tract 9604

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, GA was Census Tract 9602 with a value of $48,036, followed by Census Tract 9601 and Census Tract 9604, with respective values of $37,304 and $32,077.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males < 5
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

24.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, GA (3.79k out of 15.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males < 5, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    2,846 ± 319
  2. White
    798 ± 165
  3. Hispanic
    270 ± 144

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, GA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.93k
2018 Value
± 470
2.59%
1 Year growth
± 10.8%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, GA grew at a rate of 2.59%, from 5.78k employees to 5.93k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, GA, are Production Occupations (1,108 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (595 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (424 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, GA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (1,108 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (595 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (424 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.76 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.32 times), and Production Occupations (3.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, GA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,091), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($72,537), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($57,593).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.93k
2018 Value
± 470
2.59%
1 Year growth
± 10.8%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Jefferson County, GA grew at a rate of 2.59%, from 5.78k employees to 5.93k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, GA, are Manufacturing (1,393 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (838 people), and Retail Trade (734 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, GA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,393 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (838 people), and Retail Trade (734 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, GA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.21 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (2.33 times), and Utilities (2.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, GA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($72,721), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,000), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,500).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $48.1B
  2. $38B
  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($38B) and Electronics ($30.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia.
$430B
2015 Value in Georgia
$628B
Projected 2045 Value in Georgia
46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $39.4B
  2. $25.3B
  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, GA was $74,300 in 2018, which is 0.323 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $69,200 to $74,300, a 7.37% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, GA is 65.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, GA have an average commute time of 26.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$74,300
2018 Median
± $6,497
$69,200
2017 Median
± $5,069

In 2018, the median property value in Jefferson County, GA grew to to $74,300 from the previous year's value of $69,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$34,300
Median Household Income
± $3,596
5.61k
Number of Households
± 447

In 2018, the median household income of the 5.61k households in Jefferson County, GA grew to $34,300 from the previous year's value of $29,640.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.9%
2018 Homeownership
64.3%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.9% of the housing units in Jefferson County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, GA have a longer commute time (26.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.04% of the workforce in Jefferson County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    82.8%
  2. Carpooled
    11.9%
  3. Walked
    2.77%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, GA was Drove Alone (82.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.9%) and those who Walked (2.77%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, GA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

85.6% of the population of Jefferson County, GA has health coverage, with 36.9% on employee plans, 23.6% on Medicaid, 12.5% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Georgia was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, GA see 5369 patients per year on average, which represents a 98% increase from the previous year (2712 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3979 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 0 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

5,369 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, GA

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, GA see an average of 5,369 patients per year. This represents a 98% increase from the previous year (2,712 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, GA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
$6,587
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Georgia
$4,406
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,199
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,429
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.4%
Uninsured
36.9%
Employer Coverage
23.6%
Medicaid
12.5%
Medicare
11.3%
Non-Group
1.23%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, GA declined by 20% from 18% to 14.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.2% prevalence
  2. 17.3% prevalence
  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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