Kalkaska County, MI

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Population

17,358

0.574% growth

Median Age

44.6


Median Household Income

$43,431

1.92% growth

Poverty Rate

18.5%


Number of Employees

6,968

2.14% growth

Median Property Value

$105,300

5.09% growth

About

In 2017, Kalkaska County, MI had a population of 17.4k people with a median age of 44.6 and a median household income of $43,431. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Kalkaska County, MI grew from 17,259 to 17,358, a 0.574% increase and its median household income grew from $42,612 to $43,431, a 1.92% increase.

The population of Kalkaska County, MI is 94.7% White Alone, 1.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.71% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Kalkaska County, MI speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Kalkaska County, MI is $105,300, and the homeownership rate is 80.5%. Most people in Kalkaska County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Kalkaska County, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Kalkaska County, MI employs 6.97k people. The largest industries in Kalkaska County, MI are Retail Trade (999 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (970 people), and Manufacturing (754 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,422), Utilities ($54,926), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,411).

Median household income in Kalkaska County, MI is $43,431. Males in Kalkaska County, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Kalkaska County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,431

2017 value

± $2,069

1.92%

1 Year Growth

± 6.14%

Households in Kalkaska County, MI have a median annual income of $43,431, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,612 in 2016, which represents a 1.92% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Kalkaska County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Kalkaska County, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9503

  2. Census Tract 9506.02

  3. Census Tract 9502

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kalkaska County, MI was Census Tract 9503 with a value of $45,064, followed by Census Tract 9506.02 and Census Tract 9502, with respective values of $43,696 and $43,211.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Kalkaska County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kalkaska County, MI (3.17k out of 17.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,052 ± 242

  2. Black

    48 ± 82

  3. Two Or More

    39 ± 74

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kalkaska County, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.97k

2017 Value

± 355

2.14%

1 Year growth

± 7.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kalkaska County, MI grew at a rate of 2.14%, from 6.82k employees to 6.97k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kalkaska County, MI, are Sales & Related Occupations (823 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (805 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (714 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kalkaska County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kalkaska County, MI, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (823 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (805 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (714 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kalkaska County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.06 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.06 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kalkaska County, MI, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($51,615), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($46,705), and Construction & Extraction Occupations ($45,183).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.97k

2017 Value

± 355

2.14%

1 Year growth

± 7.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Kalkaska County, MI grew at a rate of 2.14%, from 6.82k employees to 6.97k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kalkaska County, MI, are Retail Trade (999 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (970 people), and Manufacturing (754 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kalkaska County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Kalkaska County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kalkaska County, MI, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (999 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (970 people), and Manufacturing (754 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Kalkaska County, MI has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.72 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.26 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.64 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kalkaska County, MI, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,422), Utilities ($54,926), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($42,411).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Kalkaska County, MI has health coverage, with 36.7% on employee plans, 22.4% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Kalkaska County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Kalkaska County, MI see 2466 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.765% decrease from the previous year (2485 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3453 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2466 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,466 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kalkaska County, MI see an average of 2,466 patients per year. This represents a 0.765% decrease from the previous year (2,485 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kalkaska County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

36.7%

Employer Coverage

22.4%

Medicaid

15.2%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kalkaska County, MI declined by 2.31% from 11.2% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kalkaska County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Kalkaska County, MI is home to a population of 17.4k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.5% of Kalkaska County, MI residents were born outside of the country (261 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Kalkaska County, MI is composed of 16.4k White Alone residents (94.7%), 313 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.8%), 297 Two or More Races residents (1.71%), 122 Black or African American Alone residents (0.703%), 112 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.645%), 73 Asian Alone residents (0.421%), 5 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0288%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kalkaska County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 14.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Kalkaska County, MI was 44.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Kalkaska County, MI are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Kalkaska County, MI residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

261 people

1.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

250 people

As of 2017, 1.5% of Kalkaska County, MI residents (261 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kalkaska County, MI was 1.45%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kalkaska County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Kalkaska County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Kalkaska County, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kalkaska County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    16.4k ± 7

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    313 ± 103

  3. Two or More Races

    297 ± 61.1

In 2017, there were 52.5 times more White Alone residents (16.4k people) in Kalkaska County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 313 Hispanic or Latino and 297 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Kalkaska County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Kalkaska County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Kalkaska County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Kalkaska County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    512 ± 72

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    198 ± 63

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    126 ± 59

Kalkaska County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.59 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kalkaska County, MI was $105,300 in 2017, which is 0.484 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $100,200 to $105,300, a 5.09% increase. The homeownership rate in Kalkaska County, MI is 80.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kalkaska County, MI have an average commute time of 27.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Kalkaska County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,431

Median Household Income

± $2,069

7.02k

Number of Households

± 325

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.02k households in Kalkaska County, MI grew to $43,431 from the previous year's value of $42,612.

The following chart displays the households in Kalkaska County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$105,300

2017 Median

± $4,421

$100,200

2016 Median

± $4,927

In 2017, the median property value in Kalkaska County, MI grew to to $105,300 from the previous year's value of $100,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kalkaska County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kalkaska County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kalkaska County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kalkaska County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.5%

2017 Homeownership

81.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.5% of the housing units in Kalkaska County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 81.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kalkaska County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kalkaska County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kalkaska County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kalkaska County, MI have a longer commute time (27.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.23% of the workforce in Kalkaska County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kalkaska County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.1%

  2. Carpooled

    11.6%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Kalkaska County, MI was Drove Alone (82.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.6%) and those who Worked At Home (3.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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